The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Volkmann, Richard von

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VOLKMANN, Richard von (“Richard Leander”), German surgeon and author, son of Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (q.v.): b. Leipzig, Germany, 17 Aug. 1830; d. Jena, Germany, 28 Nov. 1889. He was educated at Halle, Giessen and Berlin, in 1857-67 was private-docent of surgery at Halle, becoming professor of surgery and chief of the hospital at that university in 1867. He was a surgeon in the army during the wars of 1866 and 1870-71, becoming surgeon-general in the latter war. He was eminent as a lecturer, made many important investigations in surgery and pathology, and was among the pioneers in introducing the surgical methods of Lister into Germany. He wrote ‘Traumereien au französischen Kaminen Märchen’ (1871; 24th ed., 1894); ‘Aus der Burscheuzeit’ (l876); ‘Gedichte’ (1877); while among his professional writings are ‘Beiträge zur Chirurgie’ (1875); ‘Be merkungen über einige vom Krebs zu trennende Geschwülste’ (1858), etc.