The Kalevala

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Kalevala: The Epic Poem of Finland
by Elias Lönnrot, translated by John Martin Crawford
The Kalevala is an epic poem which Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish folk lore in the 19th century. It is commonly called the Finnish national epic and is traditionally thought of as one of the most significant works of Finnish-language literature. The Kalevala is credited with some of the inspiration for the national awakening that ultimately led to Finland's independence from Russia in 1917.

John Martin Crawford's translation[edit]

This was first complete translation of the Kalevala in English, translated from Franz Anton Schiefner's German translation of the original Finnish.

The First Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The First Lemminkainen Cycle[edit]

The Second Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The Second Lemminkainen Cycle[edit]

The Kullervo Cycle[edit]

The Ilmarinen Cycle[edit]

The Third Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The Marjatta Cycle[edit]

This is a translation and has a separate copyright status from the original text. The license for the translation applies to this edition only.
This work was published before January 1, 1923, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.

The author died in 1916, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 80 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.