The New International Encyclopædia/Civil Action
|←Cividale del Friuli||The New International Encyclopædia
|Edition of 1905. See also Lawsuit on Wikipedia, and the disclaimer.|
CIVIL ACTION (Lat. civilis, from civis, citizen). Any judicial proceeding involving a controversy between individuals in regard to their private matters, distinguished from proceedings where public interests are concerned, as in a criminal prosecution. Civil actions include the procedure in a court of chancery or equity, and also those cases in which the State submits to an action by an individual. See Action; Prosecution.