The New International Encyclopædia/Koch, Karl

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KOCH, Karl (1809-79). A German botanist, born near Weimar. He studied at the universities of Würzburg and Jena, in 1836-38, and then undertook a scientific journey to Southern Russia. He completed his researches in a second journey, which he performed in 1843-45. The fruit of this second trip, in which he also visited Asia Minor, Armenia, the Caspian Sea, and the range of the Caucasus, was his Wanderungen im Orient (1846-47). In 1836 he was appointed professor of botany in the University of Jena, and in 1847 became professor at Berlin, where he remained until his death. Besides several books on travel, Koch wrote the well-known work Dendrologie (1869-73).