The New International Encyclopædia/Lieber, Guido Norman
LIEBER, Guido Norman (1837—). An American soldier and publicist. He was born at Columbia, S. C., where his father, Francis Lieber (q.v.) was a professor in South Carolina College. He graduated at that institution in 1856, and at Harvard Law School in 1859, and at the outbreak of the Civil War was practicing law in New York City. He then obtained an appointment as a lieutenant in the Regular Army, was assigned to the Eleventh Infantry, was advanced to the rank of regimental adjutant, and served in McClellan's Peninsular campaign, in which he was brevetted captain for gallantry at the battle of Gaines's Mill (June 27, 1862). At the second battle of Bull Run he served as an aide on General Pope's staff. Appointed major and judge-advocate, he was assigned to the Department of the Gulf, receiving a further brevet for services in the Red River campaign. From 1878 to 1882 he was professor of law at West Point. He became assistant judge-advocate-general, with rank of colonel, in 1884, and was judge-advocate-general of the United States Army from 1895 to 1901, in which capacity he was one of the most valuable advisers of President McKinley during the Spanish-American War. His publications include several important treatises on the laws of war, such as The Use of the Army in Aid of the Civil Power (1898), and Remarks on the Army Regulations (1898).