The New International Encyclopædia/Müller, August

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MÜLLER, August (1848-92). A German Orientalist, born at Stettin, and educated at the universities of Halle and Leipzig. In 1882 he accepted the post of professor of Oriental philology at the University of Königsberg. His numerous and valuable contributions to Oriental literature include: Die griechischen Philosophen in der arabischen Uebersetzung (1873); Der Islam im Morgen- und Abendland (1885-87); Hebräische Schulgrammatik (1878), the syntax of which was translated into English by James Robertson. He also reëdited (1876) Caspari's Arabische Grammatik, which he considerably enlarged, and with Nöldeke published a Delectus Veterum Carminum Arabicorum (1890), furnished with copious annotations, and thus rendered useful to those who desire to become acquainted with Arabic poetry. Especially creditable is his edition (1884) of the History of Physicians by Ibn Useibia, with Arabic text and a critical commentary. Several of his essays are contained in the Zeitschrift der deutschen morgenländischen Gesellschaft and Beiträge zur Kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen. In 1887 he was appointed editor of the Orientalische Bibliographie.