The New International Encyclopædia/Robinson, Edward

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ROBINSON, Edward (1794-1863). An American biblical scholar, born at Southington, Conn. He graduated at Hamilton College, Clinton, N. Y., in 1816. Later he studied at Andover, Mass., and at Halle and Berlin. On his return to the United States he was made professor extraordinary of sacred literature at Andover; but in 1833 his health broke down and he moved to Boston, where he remained until 1837, when he was appointed professor of biblical literature in Union Theological Seminary. This office he continued to hold until his death. He twice traveled in Palestine, in 1838 and again in 1852, with the famous missionary the Reverend Eli Smith. The result of their first visit was published in a work entitled Biblical Researches in Palestine and Adjacent Countries (3 vols., Boston and London, 1841; German ed., Halle, 1841). The work was republished in 1856 with some additions after the second visit. He edited and translated Buttmann's Greek Grammar (1823; 3d ed. 1851); Gesenius' Hebrew Lexicon (1836; 5th ed. 1854); Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament (1836; 2d ed. 1847); Greek Harmony of the Gospels (1845; 2d ed. 1851); English Harmony of the Gospels (1846). He founded the Biblical Repository in 1831 and edited it for four years. In 1843 he established the Bibliotheca Sacra. Consult Hitchcock, The Life, Writings, and Character of Edward Robinson (New York, 1863).