The Oak (Ward)

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The Oak: A Popular Introduction to Forest-botany  (1892) 
by Harry Marshall Ward

Plate I. 

The Oak (Marshall Ward) Plate I.jpg

The Oak in Summer.

THE OAK


A POPULAR INTRODUCTION TO FOREST-BOTANY



BY

H. MARSHALL WARD

M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S.

late fellow of christ's college, cambridge,

professor of botany at the royal indian engineering college,

cooper's hill


D•A&C•:•INTER•·FOLIA·•FRUCTUS•


NEW YORK

D. APPLETON AND COMPANY

1892

Copyright, 1892,

By D. APPLETON AND COMPANY.


All rights reserved.

EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION.




The works to be comprised in this Series are intended to give on each subject the information which an intelligent layman might wish to possess. They are not primarily intended for the young, nor for the specialist, though even to him they will doubtless be often useful in supplying references, or suggesting lines of research.

Each book will be complete in itself, care, however, being taken that while the books do not overlap, they supplement each other; and while scientific in treatment, they will be, as far as possible, presented in simple language, divested of needless technicalities.

The rapid progress of science has made it more and more difficult, and renders it now quite impossible, to master the works which appear, almost daily, on various branches of science, or to keep up with the proceedings of our numerous Scientific Societies.

A distinguished statesman has recently expressed the opinion, that we cannot expect in the next fifty years any advance in science at all comparable to that of the last half-century. Without wishing to dogmatise, I should be disposed to hope that in the future the progress of science will be even more rapid.

In the first place, the number of students is far greater; in the second, our means of research—the microscope and telescope, the spectroscope, photography, and many other ingenious appliances—are being added to and rendered more effective year by year; and, above all, the circle of science is ever widening, so that the farther we advance the more numerous are the problems opening out before us.

No doubt there are other Scientific Series, but it is not believed that the present will exactly compete with any of them. The International Scientific Series and Nature Series are no doubt useful and excellent, and some of the volumes contained in them would well carry out the ideas of the Publishers, but, as a rule, they are somewhat more technical and go into minuter details.

The names of the Authors are a sufficient guarantee that the subjects will be treated in an interesting and thoroughly scientific manner.

 High Elms, Farnborough:

 November, 1891.

CONTENTS.


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page
 
 
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1
I.―
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10
II.―
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24
III.―
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39
IV.―
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52
V.―
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72
VI.―
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89
VII.―
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98
VIII.―
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121
IX.―
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136
X.―
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147
XI.―
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167