Tirukural

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Tirukural  (1886) 
by Tiruvalluvar, translated by George Uglow Pope, W. H. Drew, John Lazarus and F.W. Ellis
A noteworthy piece of early Tamil literature, the Tirukural was written by the saint Tiruvalluvar approximately 2,200 years ago. It is written in a poetic form called Kural (couplets expounding various aspects of life). Thirukural contains 1330 couplets divided into 133 chapters of 10 couplets each. Each couplet consists of seven words, with four words on the first line and three on the second.
Excerpted from Tirukkuṛaḷ on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Translated into English in 1886 by George Uglow Pope, W.H. Drew, John Lazarus and F.W. Ellis.

Part I: Virtue[edit]

Introduction[edit]

Domestic Virtue[edit]

Ascetic Virtue[edit]

Fate[edit]

Part II: Wealth[edit]

Royalty[edit]

Ministers of state[edit]

The Essentials of a State[edit]

Appendix (Miscellaneous)[edit]

Part III: Love[edit]

The Gandharva Marriage (The Pre-marital love)[edit]

Wedded Love (The Post-marital love)[edit]

This is a translation and has a separate copyright status from the original text. The license for the translation applies to this edition only.
Original:
This work was published before January 1, 1923, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.
 
Translation:
This work was published before January 1, 1923, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.