Treaty of Lisbon/Preamble

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Treaty of Lisbon
Preamble

HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE BELGIANS,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC,

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF DENMARK,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA,

THE PRESIDENT OF IRELAND,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC,

HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF SPAIN,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA,

HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE GRAND DUKE OF LUXEMBOURG,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF HUNGARY,

THE PRESIDENT OF MALTA,

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF THE NETHERLANDS,

THE FEDERAL PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC,

THE PRESIDENT OF ROMANIA,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF FINLAND,

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE KINGDOM OF SWEDEN,

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND,


DESIRING to complete the process started by the Treaty of Amsterdam and by the Treaty of Nice with a view to enhancing the efficiency and democratic legitimacy of the Union and to improving the coherence of its action,


HAVE RESOLVED to amend the Treaty on European Union, the Treaty establishing the European Community and the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community,

and to this end have designated as their Plenipotentiaries:

HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE BELGIANS

Guy VERHOFSTADT Prime Minister

Karel DE GUCHT Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

Sergei STANISHEV Prime Minister

Ivailo KALFINE Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Mirek TOPOLÁNEK Prime Minister

Karel SCHWARZENBERG Minister for Foreign Affairs

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF DENMARK

Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN Prime Minister

Per Stig MØLLER Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY

Dr Angela MERKEL Federal Chancellor

Dr Frank-Walter STEINMEIER Deputy Federal Chancellor and Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA

Andrus ANSIP Prime Minister

Urmas PAET Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF IRELAND

Bertie AHERN Taoiseach (Prime Minister)

Dermot AHERN Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC

Konstantinos KARAMANLIS Prime Minister

Dora BAKOYANNIS Minister for Foreign Affairs

HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF SPAIN

José Luis RODRÍGUEZ ZAPATERO President of the Government

Miguel Ángel MORATINOS CUYAUBÉ Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC

Nicolas SARKOZY President

François FILLON Prime Minister

Bernard KOUCHNER Minister for Foreign and European Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC

Romano PRODI President of the Council of Ministers

Massimo D'ALEMA Vice-President of the Council of Ministers and Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS

Tassos PAPADOPOULOS President

Erato KOZAKOU-MARCOULLIS Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA

Valdis ZATLERS President

Aigars KALVĪTIS Prime Minister

Māris RIEKSTIŅŠ Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

Valdas ADAMKUS President

Gediminas KIRKILAS Prime Minister

Petras VAITIEKŪNAS Minister for Foreign Affairs

HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE GRAND DUKE OF LUXEMBOURG

Jean-Claude JUNCKER Prime Minister, Minister of State

Jean ASSELBORN Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF HUNGARY

Ferenc GYURCSÁNY Prime Minister

Dr Kinga GÖNCZ Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF MALTA

The Hon. Lawrence GONZI Prime Minister

The Hon. Michael FRENDO Minister for Foreign Affairs

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF THE NETHERLANDS

Dr J. P. BALKENENDE Prime Minister

M. J. M. VERHAGEN Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE FEDERAL PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA

Dr Alfred GUSENBAUER Federal Chancellor

Dr Ursula PLASSNIK Federal Minister for European and International Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND

Donald TUSK Prime Minister

Radosław SIKORSKI Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC

José SÓCRATES CARVALHO PINTO DE SOUSA Prime Minister

Luís Filipe MARQUES AMADO Minister of State; Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF ROMANIA,

Traian BĂSESCU President

Călin POPESCU-TĂRICEANU Prime Minister

Adrian CIOROIANU Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA

Janez JANŠA President of the Government

Dr Dimitrij RUPEL Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Robert FICO Prime Minister

Ján KUBIŠ Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF FINLAND

Matti VANHANEN Prime Minister

Ilkka KANERVA Minister for Foreign Affairs

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE KINGDOM OF SWEDEN

Fredrik REINFELDT Prime Minister

Cecilia MALMSTRÖM Minister for European Affairs

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND

The Rt Hon. Gordon BROWN Prime Minister

The Rt Hon. David MILIBAND Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs


WHO, having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form,

HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS: