United States – Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense/I. C. Notes

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I. C. 2.

FOOTNOTES

^1.  Bernard B. Fall, "Ho Chi Minh: Like It Or Not," Esquire, November, 1967, p. 121.
^2.  Hoang Van Chi, From Colonialism to Communism, Frederick A. Praeger (New York: 1965), pp. 37–38.
^3.  Ellen J. Hammer, The Struggle for Indochina 1940–1954, Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif., 1965, p. 76.
^4.  Bernard B. Fall, Ho Chi Min: On Revolution, Frederick A. Praeger, New Yort: 1967, p. 27. This is a collection of selected writings by Ho Chi Minh, 1920–1966. Hereafter reference will be made to this volume as Ho Chi Minh on Revolution.
^5.  Hammer, op. cit., p. 76.
^6.  Hoang Van Chi, op. cit., p. 40.
^7.  Ibid., p. 42.
^8.  Ibid., p. 19–19.
^9.  U.S. Dept of State, Political Alignments of Vietnamese Nationalists, (OIR Report No. 3708, 1949), p. 30.
^10.  Ibid., p. 32.
^11.  Ibid., p. 34.
^12.  Fall, op. cit., p. 204.
^13.  Ibid., p. 205.
^14.  Fall, ed., Ho On Revolution, p. 137.
^15.  Hammer, op. cit., pp. 98–105; Fall, Two Viet-Nams (New York: Praeger, 1964), pp. 83–103; Buttinger, Vietnam: A Dragon Embattled (New York: Praeger, 1967), I, pp. 292–300, 344–351.
^16.  Fall, ed., Ho On Revolution, p. 141; CIA, Biographic Handbook, CIA/CR BH 6.6, entry for Ho dated 21 January 1965.
^17.  Ibid.; George A. Carver, Jr., "The Faceless Viet Cong," Foreign Affairs (Vol 44, No. 3, April, 1966), pp. 349–351.
^18.  Fall, ed., Ho On Revolution, 150 ff. (by dates).

^19.  Fall, Two Viet-Nams, pp. 101–103; Buttinger, op. cit., I, pp. 266–269; Central Intelligence Agency, "Probable Developments in North Vietnam to July 1956," (NIE 63.1-55, 19 July 1955), p. 4.
^20.  Ibid.; Robert Shaplen, The Lost Revolution (New York: Harper & Row, 1965), XIV.
^21.  Ibid., p. 52; Shaplen also quotes Ho as saying in 1946 "To achieve a communist society, big industrial and agricultural production is necessary...I do not know when that will be realized in Vietnam where production is low. We are not yet in a position to meet the conditions." Ibid., pp. 48–49. Buttinger, op. cit., I, pp. 266–269, 637 Cf., Fall, Two Viet-Nams, op. cit., p. 101.
^22.  Shaplen, op. cit., p. 48; Hammer, op. cit., p. 173.
^23.  Shaplen, op. cit., p. 53.
^24.  E. g., Isaacs in Gettleman, ed., op. cit.; Fall, Two Viet-Nams, op. cit., pp. 81–82; Shaplen, pp. 28–35, 42–44, 47; CIA, Biographic Handbook, op. cit.
^25.  U.S. Dept of State telegram from Paris, 6131, to Acheson, September 11, 1945.
^26.  U.S. Dept of State telegram to Saigon, Acheson 305, December 5, 1945.
^27.  U.S. Dept of State telegram, Marshall 431 to Paris, February 3, 1947.
^28.  U.S. Dept of State telegram to Hanoi 36, May 20, 1949.
^29.  Fall, ed., Ho on Revolution, p. 198
^30.  Ibid., pp. 199–200
^31.  Carver, op. cit., p. 352; CIA, Biographic Handbook, op. cit.
^32.  U.S. Dept of State, Far Eastern Notes (No. 8, May 7, 1954), p. 6; Shaplen, op. cit., p. 52.
^33.  [Intelligence Files, OSD], Buttinger, op. cit., II, p. 699.
^34.  Gettleman, ed., op. cit., p. 55.
^35.  Ibid., p. 75; Hammer, op. cit., p. 202.
^36.  Buttinger, op. cit., p. 363; Hammer, op. cit., pp. 201–202.
^37.  Gettleman, op. cit., p. 55.
^38.  Shaplen, op. cit., p. 53; Hammer, op. cit., p. 250.

^39.  Shaplen, op. cit., p. 52.
^40.  Hammer, op. cit., pp. 249–250.
^41.  Ibid.
^42.  Department of State Bulletin (February 13, 1950), p. 244.
^43.  Hammer, op. cit., p. 251.