Walcott, Mackenzie Edward Charles (DNB00)

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Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 59
Walcott, Mackenzie Edward Charles

by William Prideaux Courtney

WALCOTT, MACKENZIE EDWARD CHARLES (1821–1880), ecclesiologist, born at Walcot, Bath, on 15 Dec. 1821, was the only son of Admiral John Edward Walcott (1790–1868), M.P. for Christchurch in the four parliaments from 1859 to 1868. His mother was Charlotte Anne (1796–1863), daughter of Colonel John Nelley. Entered at Winchester College in 1837, Walcott matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford, on 18 June 1840. He graduated B.A. on 25 May 1844, taking a third class in classics, and proceeded M.A. in 1847 and B.D. in 1866. He was ordained deacon in 1844 and priest in 1845. His first curacy was at Enfield, Middlesex (1845–7); he was then curate of St. Margaret's, Westminster, from 1847 to 1850, and of St. James's, Westminster, from 1850 to 1853. In 1861 he was domestic chaplain to his relative, Lord Lyons, and assistant minister of Berkeley Chapel, Mayfair, London, and from 1867 to 1870 he held the post of minister at that chapel. In 1863 he was appointed precentor (with the prebend of Oving) of Chichester Cathedral, and held that preferment until his death. Always at work on antiquarian and ecclesiological subjects, he was elected F.S.A. on 10 Jan. 1861. He died on 22 Dec. 1880 at 58 Belgrave Road, London, and was buried in Brompton cemetery. He married at St. James's Church, Piccadilly, on 20 July 1852, Roseanne Elizabeth, second daughter of Major Frederick Brownlow and niece of the first Lord Lurgan. He left no issue.

Walcott contributed articles on his favourite topics to numerous magazines and to the transactions of the learned societies, and he was one of the oldest contributors to ‘Notes and Queries.’ His separate works include: 1. ‘Parish Church of St. Margaret, Westminster,’ 1847. 2. ‘Handbook for Parish of St. James, Westminster,’ 1850. 3. ‘Westminster, Memorials of the City,’ 1849; new ed. 1851. 4. ‘The English Ordinal: its History, Validity, and Catholicity,’ 1851. 5. ‘St. Paul at Athens: a Sacred Poem,’ 1851. 6. ‘William of Wykeham and his Colleges,’ 1852; an ‘early and long-cherished ambition.’ 7. ‘Handbook for Winchester Cathedral,’ 1854. 8. ‘Dedication of the Temple: a Sacred Poem,’ 1854. 9. ‘The Death of Jacob: a Sacred Poem,’ 1857. 10. ‘The English Episcopate: Biographical Memoirs,’ 5 parts, 1858. 11. ‘Guide to the Cathedrals of England and Wales,’ 1858; new ed. much enlarged, 1860; the descriptions of the several cathedrals were also published in separate parts. 12. ‘Guide to the South Coast of England,’ 1859. 13. ‘Guide to the Mountains, Lakes, and North-West Coast of England,’ 1860. 14. ‘Guide to the East Coast of England,’ 1861; parts of these works were issued separately. 15. ‘Minsters and Abbey Ruins of the United Kingdom,’ 1860. 16. ‘Church and Conventual Arrangement,’ 1861. 17. ‘Priory Church of Christchurch, Twyneham,’ 1862. 18. ‘The Double Choir historically and practically considered,’ 1864. 19. ‘Interior of a Gothic Minster,’ 1864. 20. ‘Precinct of a Gothic Minster,’ 1865. 21. ‘Cathedralia: a Constitutional History of Cathedrals of the Western Church,’ 1865. 22. ‘Memorials of Stamford,’ 1867. 23. ‘Battle Abbey,’ 2nd ed. 1867. 24. ‘Sacred Archæology: a Popular Dictionary,’ 1868. 25. ‘Leaflets [poems], by M. E. C. W.,’ 1872. 26. ‘Traditions and Customs of Cathedrals,’ 1872; 2nd ed. revised and enlarged, 1872. 27. ‘Scoti-Monasticon, the Ancient Church of Scotland,’ 1874. 28. ‘Constitutions and Canons Ecclesiastical of the Church of England,’ 1874. 29. ‘The Four Minsters round the Wrekin,’ 1877. 30. ‘Early Statutes of the Cathedral Church of Chichester,’ 1877. 31. ‘Church Work and Life in English Minsters,’ 1879.

Walcott contributed to the Rev. Henry Thompson's collection of ‘Original Ballads,’ 1850, and to the Rev. Orby Shipley's ‘Church and the World,’ 1866. He edited in 1865, ‘with large additions and copious notes,’ Thomas Plume's ‘Account of Bishop Hacket,’ and published, in conjunction with Rev. W. A. Scott Robertson in 1872 and 1874, two parts of ‘Parish Church Goods in Kent.’ Many of his papers on the inventories and registers of ecclesiastical foundations were also issued separately, and he presented to the British Museum the following Additional manuscripts: 22136–7, 24632, 24966, 28831, 29534–6, 29539–42, 29720–7, 29741–4 b.

[Boase's Exeter Coll. Commoners; Foster's Alumni Oxon.; Men of the Time, 10th ed.; Notes and Queries, 6th ser. iii. 20; Brit. Mus. Addit. MS. 29743, ff. 8, 66, 68.]

W. P. C.