What Social Classes Owe to Each Other

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What Social Classes Owe to Each Other  (1883) 
by William Graham Sumner
A book on economics, liberty, and sociology. None of the footnotes included in these chapters are found in the original; they were added to this Wikisource edition for the benefit of readers. Page scans of the original are available.


WHAT SOCIAL CLASSES


OWE TO EACH OTHER


BY

WILLIAM GRAHAM SUMNER

PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE IN YALE COLLEGE


NEW YORK

HARPER & BROTHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1883, by

HARPER & BROTHERS,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.


All rights reserved.

CONTENTS.


    PAGE
INTRODUCTION 4
CHAPTER
I. ON A NEW PHILOSOPHY: THAT POVERTY IS THE BEST POLICY 13
II. THAT A FREE MAN IS A SOVEREIGN, BUT THAT A SOVEREIGN CANNOT TAKE "TIPS" 28
III. THAT IT IS NOT WICKED TO BE RICH: NAY, EVEN, THAT IT IS NOT WICKED TO BE RICHER THAN ONE'S NEIGHBOR 43
IV. ON THE REASONS WHY MAN IS NOT ALTOGETHER A BRUTE 58
V. THAT WE MUST HAVE FEW MEN, IF WE WANT STRONG MEN 72
VI. THAT HE WHO WOULD BE WELL TAKEN CARE OF MUST TAKE CARE OF HIMSELF 81
VII. CONCERNING SOME OLD FOES UNDER NEW FACES 101
VIII. ON THE VALUE, AS A SOCIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLE, OF THE RULE TO MIND ONE'S OWN BUSINESS 112
IX. ON THE CASE OF A CERTAIN MAN WHO IS NEVER THOUGHT OF 123
X. THE CASE OF THE FORGOTTEN MAN FARTHER CONSIDERED 134
XI. WHEREFORE WE SHOULD LOVE ONE ANOTHER 153


This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.