A History of Sanskrit Literature/Index

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INDEX

Abhidhāna-chintāmaṇi, 433

Abhidhāna-ratnamālā, 433

Aborigines, 113, 152, 161, 387

Absolute, the, 220

Abstract deities, 100-102

Accent, Vedic, 53-4

Achæmenid dynasty in India, 408

Açoka, 310, 412; inscriptions of, 14, 15, 16, 25, 27

Actors, Greek, 414

Açvaghosha, 319

Açvakas, 408, 409

Āçvalāyana, 52, 191, 274; his Çrauta Sūtra, 245; Gṛihya Sūtra, 249

Açvins, 84, 123, 150

Adbhuta Brāhmaṇa, 210

Aditi, 70, 102, 103, 105, 132

Ādityas, 102, 103, 105

Æsop, 420

Agni, 70, 71, 74, 93-97, 102, 105, 124, 125, 135, 172, 214

Agohya, 106

Agriculture, 166

Ahargaṇa, 426

Ahi budhnya, 110

Ahura, 112

Aitareya Āraṇyaka, 51, 208, 211; Brāhmaṇa, 155, 156, 163, 203, 205; Upanishad, 209, 226-227

Ajātaçatru, 222

Alaṭa, 434

Albērūnī, 13, 18, 413

Alexander the Great, 1, 2, 8, 13, 18, 150, 154, 165, 365, 410, 413, 414

Alexandria, 415, 423

Algebra, Indian, 424, 434

Allegorical play, 367

Alphabet, arrangement of the Sanskrit, 17

Al-Razi, 427

Amara-koça, 433

Amara siṃha, 324, 433

Amaru, 342

Anaxagoras, 422

Ancestor worship, 257

Anekārtha-saṃgraha, 433

Anekārtha-samuchchaya, 433

Angas, 156, 195

Angirases, 108, 189, 190

Animals, domestic, 149; mythological, 109

Aniruddha, 394

Anthologies, 379

Anthropology, 126

Anthropomorphism, 71, 72, 84, 86, 94

Anudātta accent, 54

Anukramaṇīs, 39, 52, 267, 271-272, 274

Anus, 153, 154

Anushṭubh metre, 56, 68

Anvār-i-Suhailī, 418

Apabhraṃça dialect, 27, 349

Apāṃ napāt, 88, 92

Āpastamba, 246, 258-259, 301; his Çrauta Sūtra, 249; Gṛihya Sūtra, 250; Dharma Sūtra, 258; Kalpa Sūtra, 258

Āpastambas, 176

Apollonius of Tyana, 415

Apsaras, 107; Apsarases, 182

Arabian Nights, 368

Arabs, 1, 421, 424, 425, 426, 427

Āraṇyakas, 34, 50, 204

Araṇyānī, 111

Architecture, 158, 437

Ardha-māgadhī, 27

Argumentum ex silentio, 16, 150

Arithmetic, Indian, 424

Arjuna, 165, 216, 296, 405

Arjuna Miçra, 290

Army, divisions of, 165

Arnold, Sir Edwin, 427

Ārsheya Brāhmaṇa, 209

Ārsheya kalpa, 245

Art, Indian, 436-437

Āruṇi, 213, 214

Āryā metre, 307, 393, 435

Āryabhaṭa, 325, 426, 435

Āryabhaṭīya, 435

Ārya civilisation, 9; invasion of India, 40, 408

Āryans, home of Rigvedic, 145

Āryas, 152

Āryāvarta, 23

Asat, 136

Asceticism, 184, 397, 410

Ashṭāngahṛidaya, 436

Asiatic Society of Bengal, 3

Asiknī, 140, 144, 155

Astronomers, Indian, 13, 425, 426, 434-435; Arab, 426

Astronomical data, 195, 325

Astronomy, Greek and Indian, 425

Asura, 112, 113

Asuras, 182

Āsuri, 215

Atharvaveda, 30, 31, 185-201, 206; various readings of, 187; Upanishads of, 238-243

Atharvāngirasaḥ, 189

Atharvans, 189

Ātman, 205, 218-222

Aufrecht, T., 431, 433

Augury, 120, 222-223

Avantī dialect, 27

Avatārs, 81, 300, 411

Avesta, 12, 43, 55, 63, 67, 68, 87, 88, 9, 100, 108, 110, 112, 113, 118, 141, 165, 216, 253

Avicenna, 427

Avidyā, 389, 401

Ayodhyā (Oudh), 157, 176, 214, 305, 308


Babrius, 420

Bādarāyaṇa, 240, 402

Bālāki Gārgya, 222

Balhikas, 195

Balibandha, 347

Bāṇa, 20, 288, 318, 321, 332, 362, 413, 421, 429

Banyan, 147

Bardesanes, 423

Barlaam and Josaphat, 419, 420

Barley, 145

Barygaza, 415

Barzoi, 417

Battle of ten kings, 154

Baudhāyana, 246, 259; Çrauta Sūtra, 246; Gṛihya Sūtra, 250; Dharma Sūtra, 259; Kalpa Sūtra, 259

Bear, 148

Beef, 110, 164

Benares, 27, 222

Benfey, Prof. Theodor, 173, 420

Bhagavadgītā, 2, 283, 288, 405

Bhāgavata Purāṇa, 402; popularity of, 302

Bhāgavatas, 402

Bhāguri, 273

Bhakti, 403

Bhāradvāja, his Çrauta Sūtra, 246; Gṛihya Sūtra, 250

Bharata, 216, 347

Bhārata-manjarī, 290

Bharatas, 154, 155, 156, 175

Bhāratī, 155

Bhāravi, 318, 329

Bhartṛihari, 1, 329, 340, 378, 381, 382, 431

Bhāshā, 22

Bhāskarāchārya, 435

Bhaṭṭa Nārāyaṇa, 365

Bhaṭṭikāvya, 329

Bhaṭṭoji, 432

Bhaṭṭotpala, 435

Bhavabhūti, 352, 353, 362-365

Bhoja, 20, 304, 366

Bhṛigus 108, 154, 189

Bidpai, fables of, 417

Bilhaṇa, 339

Birch bark MSS., 18

Black Yajurveda, 177, 179, 180

Blackskins, 152

Bloomfield, Professor, 186, 189

Boar, 148, 302

Boats, 167

Bodleian Library, 18

Böhtlingk, Otto von, 379, 431, 433, 434; and Roth's Dictionary, 63

Bopp, Franz, 4

Brahma, 133, 205, 219, 220, 223

Brahma, 32, 182, 195, 401, 402

Brahmā, 93, 101, 102, 194, 285, 401, 402

Brahmā (priest), 102, 161, 194, 195, 217

Brahmachārin, 200

Brahmagupta, 426, 435

Brahma-mīmāṃsā, 400

Brahmans, 17, 23, 73, 122, 183, 197, 409, 411, 415, 425, 430

Brāhmaṇa, 161

Brāhmaṇas, 31, 32, 33, 48, 49, 73, 81, 88, 93, 96, 99, 101, 105, 107, 112, 117, 133, 145, 156, 162, 189, 190, 195, 196, 202-218

Brahmanism, 7

Brāhma Sphuṭa-siddhānta, 435

Brahma-sūtras, 402, 403

Brahmāvarta, 141, 155, 175

Brahma-veda, 189, 195

Brahma-vidyā, 195

Brāhmī writing, 15, 17, 18

Brahmodya, 131

Bṛihadāraṇyaka Upanishad, 213, 219, 221, 222, 223, 224, 234-238

Bṛihaddevatā, 272, 273, 281, 378

Bṛihadratha, 230

Bṛihajjātaka, 435

Bṛihaspati, 102; sūtras of, 406

Bṛihatkathā, 376

Bṛihatkathā-manjarī, 376

Bṛihatsaṃhitā, 318, 435

Broach (town), 415

Bronze, 151

Buddha, 11, 13, 15, 24, 215, 225, 308, 309, 362, 387, 406, 421; as a Christian saint, 420

Buddhacharita, 319

Buddhism, 7, 11, 25, 115, 215, 223, 230, 322, 369, 386, 390, 395-396, 397, 412, 414, 427

Buddhist councils, 15, 308, 369, 413; influence, 375; literature, 156, 295, 306, 307, 369, 379, 384, 411, 412, 436; pilgrims, 13; sculptures, 377, 437

Buddhists, 184, 286, 287, 308, 411

Bühler, Professor, 6, 15, 16, 17, 186, 259, 290, 322, 376

Bunder-log, 149

Burial, 125

Burnell, A. C., 194, 290, 428


Çabara Svāmin, 400

Çāçvata, 433

Çaka era, 413

Çākalas, 52, 53

Çākalya, 50, 51, 268, 270

Çakas, 286, 322, 323, 412, 413

Çākaṭāyana, 268; pseudo-, 432

Çakuntalā, 3, 216, 283, 301, 348, 350, 352, 353, 354-358, 416

Çākyas, 215

Calderon, 367

Çāmbavya Sūtra, 249

Canarese, 18, 28

Çāṇḍilya, 213

Çankara, 240, 242, 289, 394, 402; (Çiva) 182

Çankha and Likhita, 262

Çānkhāyana Brāhmaṇa, 205, 206; Sūtra, 49, 191, 205, 245, 249

Çānkhāyanas, 252

Çāntiçataka, 378

Cantor, 424, 434

Çārṅgadhara's Paddhati, 379

Çarvavarman, 432

Caste, 20, 21, 33, 34, 133, 152, 160, 161, 184

Catalogues of MSS., 6

Çatapatha Brāhmaṇa, 49, 53, 54 n., 107, 108, 110, 144, 155, 172, 179, 180, 188, 191, 203, 206, 212-217

Categories, logical, 403, 404

Cattle, 127, 147, 166

Çaunaka, 51, 186, 271, 274

Çaurasenī dialect, 27

Ceylon, 25, 361, 412

Chakravāka, 150, 343

Chāṇakya-çataka, 378

Chaṇḍa-kauçika, 366

Chandra, 432

Chandragupta, 365, 410, 411, 412, 413, 415

Charaka, medical writer, 426, 427, 435, 436

Charaka school, 215

Charaka-saṃhitā, 436

Charaṇa-vyūha, 52, 275

Charaṇas, 245

Chariot race, 150, 168

Chāritravardhana, 328

Chārvāka, 86, 405-407

Chaturvarya-chintāmaṇi, 430

Chaurapanchāçikā, 339

Chedis, 155, 157

Chhandas (metre), 264

Chhāndogya Brāhmaṇa, 210

Chhāndogya Upanishad, 189, 210, 221, 223, 224, 228, 229, 420

Chinese works, 369; pilgrims, 13

Christianity, 414

Chronological strata, 179, 188, 203

Chronology, absence of, 10; Vedic, 11

Çiçupālavadha, 320

Çilhaṇa, 378

Çiva, 74, 89, 153, 178, 181, 182, 217, 234, 300, 411

Çloka metre, 56, 57, 279, 317

Çloka-vārttika, 400

Clouds, 68, 69, 85, 109

Coinage, transition to, 167

Colebrooke, H. T., 3, 4, 429, 430

Colour (caste), 86, 152, 161

Comparative mythology, 6, 427

Comparative philology, 6, 427

Compound words, 65, 332

Copperplate inscriptions, 18, 19

Corn, 145

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum, 14, 319

Cosmic illusion (māyā), 221, 395, 401, 402

Cosmogonic hymns, 135-137, 200

Cosmogony, 132

Cosmology, 300

Cow, 68, 85, 98, 102, 108, 109, 110, 125, 149, 167

Cowell, Prof. E. B., 432

Cowkiller, 149

Çraddhā, 100

Çraddhā-kalpa, 257

Çramaṇa, 215, 411

Çrauta ritual, 192, 247-249

Çrauta Sūtras, 36, 191, 244-249, 424

Çrāvastī, 309

Creation, song of, 136-137

Creator, 70, 132

Cremation, 117, 125

Çrīdharadāsa, 379

Çrīharsha, 330

Crime, 163

Çṛingāra-çataka, 340-341

Çṛingāra-tilaka, 342, 434

Çruti, 34, 36, 205

Çūdraka, 361

Çūdras, 133, 153, 161

Çukasaptati, 375-376

Çulva Sūtras, 264, 424

Çunaḥçepa, legend of, 207

Çūrasenas, 175, 411

Curlew, 150

Curtain, stage, 352, 415, 416

Curtius, Quintus, 18, 19

Çushṇa, 114

Çutudrī (Sutlej), 93, 140, 142, 154

Çvetāçvatara Upanishad, 221, 233-234, 405

Cyrus, 408


Daçakumāra-charita, 332

Daçarūpa, 434

Dahlmann, J., 286

Daksha, 132

Dakshiṇā, 149

Dāmodara Miçra, 366

Dānastuti, 127, 188

Dancing, 169

Daṇḍin, 320, 321, 329, 330, 332, 361, 376, 434

Darius, 408, 409

Dāsas, 113, 152, 161

Dasyus, 113, 152, 153

Daughters, undesirable, 163, 208

Dawn, 78, 81-83, 169

Dāyabhāga, 430

Debt, 163

Deçīnāmamālā, 433

Dekhan, 9, 28, 144, 429

Deluge, 216, 294

Demetrios, 412

Demigods, 106-108

Democritus, 422

Demons, 68, 72, 85, 112, 113

Deussen, Professor, 242, 400

Deva, 68

Devaçravas, 155

Devanāgarī, 17

Devatādhyāya Brāhmaṇa, 211

Devavāta, 155

Devayāna, 224

Dhammapada, 379

Dhanaṃjaya, 434

Dhanvantari, 324

Dharma, 37, 193

Dharma-nibandhas, 429

Dharma-ratna, 430

Dharma Sūtras, 37, 193, 194, 258-262, 428

Dhātṛi, 101

Dhātupāṭha, 431

Dhāvaka, 362

Dialects of Sanskrit, 22, 23; of modern India, 24; of Prākrit, 27

Dialogues in Rigveda, 119

Dice, 128, 169

Didactic hymns, 127-129

Dignāga, 324

Dinakara Miçra, 328

Dio Chrysostomos, 414

Dioskouroi, 84

Directorium humanæ vitæ, 417

Diseases, 196

Distillers, 165

Doab, 27, 174

Dogmatic textbooks, 205

Dogs of Yama, 117

Drāhyāyaṇa, his Çrauta Sūtra, 245

Drama, arrangement of, 351-352; character of, 348-350; classes of, 368; dialects in, 23; Greek, 350, 414, 415, 416; origin of, 346-347, 414

Draupadī, episode of, 295

Dravidian dialects, 28

Dress, 164

Dṛishadvatī, 141, 142, 155, 174, 210

Dropsy, 77, 207

Druhyus, 153, 154

Drum deified, 112, 200

Dual deities, 69, 104, 194

Duḥshanta, 216, 354

Dwarf (Vishṇu), 81, 302

Dyā Dviveda, 378

Dyaus, 68, 74, 81, 93

Dyāvāpṛithivī, 104


Eagle, 78, 99

East India House, 5

Eastward migration, 214

Eclecticism, 405

Eclipse, 114, 325

Eggeling, Professor, 212, 431, 432, 433, 434, 437

Elephant, 148

Elizabethan drama, 350

Empedocles, 421, 422

Encyclopædia of Indo-Aryan Research, 5, 6, 428

Enigmas, 131

Epics, 88, 281, 414

Epigraphia Indica, 14

Epigraphy, importance of, 14, 15

Ethical poetry, 377-384

Etymology, 264

Eudemos, 410

Eukratides, 412

Euthydemos, 412

Evolution, 136, 137

Exaggeration, 278

Ezour Vedam, 1


Fables, style of, 368

Fa Hian, 13

Faust, 416, 417

Fee, sacrificial, 149

Fergusson, James, 323

Fetters of Varuṇa, 76, 207

Filter of sheep's wool, 97

Fire-sticks, 8, 95, 146

Fish, 143, 216, 295

Five Tribes, 153, 155

Fleet, Mr. J. F., 319, 322, 323

Flood, legend of, 216, 294

Food, 164, 165

Foreign visitors of India, 13

Forest nymph, 111

Franke, Professor O., 432

Frog-hymn, 121, 122

Funeral hymns, 116, 118, 124-127

Funeral rites, 256-257

Future life, 115


Gambler's lament, 127-128

Gambling, 168

Gaṇapāṭha, 431

Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi, 431

Gānas, 171

Gandarewa, 108

Gandhāra, 15, 413

Gandhāras, 153, 213, 408, 409

Gandhāris, 153, 156, 195

Gandharva, 107, 108; Gandharvas, 111

Gaṇeça, 251

Ganges, 9, 24, 93, 142, 156, 157, 174, 176, 295, 316, 410, 411, 413

Gārgya, 268

Gāthā dialect, 26

Gāthās, 191, 203, 208

Gauḍa style, 303

Gauḍapāda, 241-243, 393

Gaurjarī dialect, 27

Gautama's Dharma Çāstra, 260-261

Gautamas, 215

Gāyatrī, 56, 68, 79

Generation, reciprocal, 132

Geographical data in Rigveda, 139-144

Geometry, Greek and Indian, 424-425

Ghanapāṭha, 51

Ghaṭakarpara, 339

Girnār, 15, 321

Gītagovinda, 344, 347

Gnostics, 423, 424

Goat, sacrificial, 125

Goats of Pūshan, 80

Gobhila Sūtra, 250

Goblins, 97

Goddesses, 103, 104

Gods, character of, 72, 73; equipment of, 72; groups of, 105, 106; number of, 73, 74

Goethe, 3, 354, 416

Gold, 151

Gomatī (Gomal), 140

Gopatha Brāhmaṇa, 195, 203, 217-218

Gotama, 405

Gotama Rāhūgaṇa, 214

Govindarāja, 429

Græco-Bactrian kings, 412, 415

Græco-Indian period, 412

Grammar, 39, 50, 264, 267, 268, 430-432

Grammarians, influence of, 21

Grantha (book), 19

Great Bear, 109

Greeks, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 13, 14, 286, 307, 308, 325; in India, 409-412, 415, 416

Gṛihya ritual, 251-257

Gṛihya Sūtras, 37, 185, 189, 192-193, 249-251

Gujarat, 19, 147, 173, 175, 411, 412, 415

Guṇāḍhya, 318, 376

Gupta era, 320

Guptas, 323, 413


Hāla, 344

Halāyudha, 433

Hamilton, Alexander, 3, 4

Hanuman-nāṭaka, 366

Hanumat, 312

Haoma, 68, 99, 100

Haravijaya, 330

Hariçchandra, 207, 208

Haridās, 399

Harisheṇa, 320, 321, 324

Harivaṃça, 282, 283, 287, 288, 294, 299, 300, 301

Harshacharita, 318, 332, 334, 362

Harshavardhana, 318, 361, 413

Hartmann, E. von, 424

Hastings, Warren, 2

Haṭhayoga, 398

Heaven, 116

Heaven and earth, 104, 106, 132

Heavens and hells, 390

Heine, Heinrich, 344, 427

Heliokles, 412

Hells, 117

Hemachandra, 432, 433

Hemādri, 257, 430

Henotheism, 71

Herbs and charms, 196

Herder, 3

Hero (geometrician), 424

Herodotus, 408, 409

Himālaya, 9, 18, 23, 24, 141, 144, 145, 148, 410

Hindī dialect, 17, 27

Hindu, 95, 141

Hindu Kush, 139

Hindustan, 141

Hiouen Thsang, 13, 18, 26, 413

Hippokrates, 426

Hiraṇyagarbha, 132, 135, 137

Hiraṇyakeçin, 259; his Crauta Sūtra, 246; his Gṛihya Sūtra, 250; school of, 176

History, 430; lack of, 10, 11

Hitopadeça, 3, 373-374, 378, 380, 381, 382

Holtzmann, Prof. Adolf, 287

Homer, 414

Homeric age, 12; Greek, 20

Hopkins, Professor, 145, 428

Horāçāstra, 425, 435

Horse, 109, 149; sacrifice, 109, 150, 165

House of clay, 77, 125

Hūṇas, 323

Hunting, 166

Hymn of Man, 132, 133


I Tsing, 13, 340

Īçā Upanishad, 238

Īçāna (Çiva), 178, 206

Īçvara Kṛishṇa, 393

Identifications of gods, 70

Ikshvāku, 157, 230, 305, 311

Iliad, 414

Images of gods, 72, 210

Immortality, acquired, 71, 98, 99; relative, 71.

Incantations, 121

India of Albērūnī, 418

Indices, Vedic, 39, 274

Indika of Megasthenes, 411

Indische Sprüche, 379

Indo-European period, 104, 126, 185, 263

Indo-Iranian period, 43, 87, 100, 110, 118, 170, 253, 263

Indra, 74, 84-87, 99, 105, 108, 114, 119, 152, 153, 172, 183, 411; a warrior, 86, 96; and Maruts, 90; and Varuṇa, 75, 88, 119; his heaven, 107, 296

Indrāṇī, 119

Indus, 9, 24, 140, 141, 142, 143, 147, 151, 155, 174, 409, 410, 411, 412

Industries, 167

Initiation, rite of, 252-253

Ink, 19

Inscriptions, 14; importance of, 319; style of, 321

Interpretation, Vedic, 59-64

Intoxication, 87, 99

Irāvatī (Ravi), 140

Iron, 151; leg of Viçpalā, 84

Irrigation, 166

Itihāsa, 191, 281


Jacobi, Professor, 12, 304, 307, 312, 313

Jagatī metre, 57

Jaimini, 399

Jaiminīya Brāhmaṇa, 203

Jaiminīya-nyāya-mālā-vistara, 400

Jaiminīyas, 209

Jain inscriptions, 26

Jainism, 25, 386, 390, 395, 396

Janaka, 214, 216, 223

Janamejaya, 213, 216

Jātakas, 306-307, 369, 376, 377, 421

Jaṭāpāṭha, 51

Javanese translation of Mahābhārata, 290

Jayadeva, 344, 345

Jayāditya, 432

Jester, 350, 363, 416

Jimūtavāhana, 430

Jina, 395

Jolly, Professor J., 428

John of Capua, 418

John of Damascus, 419

Jones, Sir W., 3, 358

Jumna, 141, 152, 174

Jupiter, 68, 102

Jyotisha, 264


Ka (a god), 101

Kabul (river), 141, 144, 152

Kabulistan, Eastern, 141, 143

Kāçi (Benares), 222

Kāçikā Vṛitti, 432

Kādambarī, 332

Kaiyaṭa, 431

Kāla, 200

Kālāçoka, 308

Kālāpas, 175

Kalhaṇa, 430

Kālidāsa, 108, 216, 301, 318, 320, 321, 330, 331, 335, 337, 342, 353, 415, 416; date of, 10, 324-325

Kalīlag and Damnag, 370, 417

Kalīlah and Dimnah, 370, 417, 419

Kalpa, 264

Kalpa Sūtras, 244

Kāma, 101, 200, 415 ; his arrows, 101, 198

Kāmaduh, 110

Kāmandaka, 374

Kaṃsavadha, 347

Kaṇāda, 403, 404

Kanishka, 319, 322, 426, 436

Kant, 221

Kāṇva school, 177, 212

Kaṇvas, 42, 154

Kapila, 390, 393

Kapilavastu, 13, 215, 393

Kapishṭhala-Kaṭha-Saṃhitā, 176

Kapishṭhalas, 175, 215

Karaṇa, 435

Kārikās, (ritual) 271, (grammatical) 431

Karma, 224, 388

Karmapradīpa, 270

Kashmir, 144, 175, 186, 412, 413, 430, 433

Kashmīrī dialect, 27

Kātantra, 432

Kaṭha school, 175, 176, 212, 215

Kāṭhaka section of Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa, 212

Kāṭhaka Saṃhitā, 54 n., 176, 285; Upanishad, 212, 220, 225, 232-233; Sūtra, 251

Kathāsaritsāgara, 362, 376, 377, 382

Kathenotheism, 71

Kātīya Sūtra, 250

Kātyāyana, 23, 178, 191, 267, 273, 274, 275, 431; his Çrauta Sūtra, 245

Kauçika Sūtra, 251

Kaushītaki Āraṇyaka, 209; Brāhmaṇa, 203, 206, 207; Upanishad, 209, 225, 227

Kaushītakins, 210

Kauthumas, 173, 174

Kautsa, 61

Kavīrāja, 331

Kāvyādarça, 22, 329, 330, 434

Kāvyālaṃkāra, 421, 434

Kāvyālaṃkāra-vṛitti, 434

Kāvya-prakāça, 434

Kāvyas, 278, 281, 310, 318; age of, 319; style of, 326; prose, 321, 332

Kekayas, 213

Kena Upanishad, 209, 229

Khādira Sūtra, 250

Kharoshṭhī writing, 15, 18

Khilas in the Rigveda, 51

Kielhorn, Professor, 6, 367, 431, 432

Kings, 158; inauguration of, 199

Kipling, Mr. Rudyard, 149

Kirātārjunīya, 329

Kosalas, 213, 214, 215

Kramapāṭha, 51, 209

Kṛishṇa, 157, 165, 301-302, 405, 411, 414

Kṛishṇa Miçra, 366

Krivis, 155, 157

Kriyāyoga, 398

Krumu (Kurum), 140

Kshapaṇaka, 324

Kshemendra Vyāsadāsa, 290, 376-377

Kshemīçvara, 366

Ktesias, 409

Kubhā (Kabul), 140

Kuçikas, 155

Kuhn, Adalbert, 6, 186

Kullūka, 428, 429

Kumāra-sambhava, 326, 328

Kumārila, 260, 261, 262, 271, 289, 400

Kuntāpa hymns, 188

Kurukshetra, 155, 174, 210

Kuru-Panchālas, 174, 207, 213, 214

Kurus, 156, 157, 175, 216, 283, 285

Kushanas, 413

Kusumānjali, 405


La Fontaine, 418

Laghu-jātaka, 435

Laghu-kaumudī, 432

Lalitavistara, 26

Language of the Brāhmaṇas, 203; of the Āraṇyakas and Upanishads, 205

Lassen, Prof. Christian, 311

Lāṭyāyana, his Çrauta Sūtra, 191, 245

Law-books, 428-430

Legends in Brāhmaṇas, 207

Lévi, Sylvain, 433

Lexicography, 433

Libraries, Sanskrit, 20

Light of Asia, 427

Lightning, 74, 85, 90, 96, 99, 328, 336; deities, 88-89; compared with laughter, 75, 89

Lingānuçāsana, 432

Lion, 147, 148

Liquor, 165

Love, god of, 101

Love-story, oldest Indo-European, 119

Lullaby, 120

Lunar mansions, 99, 195, 425

Lute, 169

Lyrics in drama, 350


Maçaka, his Çrauta Sūtra, 245

Mādhava, 275, 276, 400, 406, 407

Madhyadeça, 160, 214

Mādhyaṃdinas, 177, 212

Magadha, 24, 155

Magadhas, 156, 195

Māgadhī dialect, 27

Māgha, 329

Magic, 97

Magical hymns, 1 20

Mahābhārata, 153, 154, 156, 157, 165, 175, 193, 216, 278, 281, 282-298, 299, 300, 301, 303, 309, 325, 354, 367, 378, 380, 383, 392, 394, 396, 398; its date, 287; its episodes, 294-298, 414; its main story, 291-294; its nucleus, 284, 285; its recensions, 283; recited now, 288; a smṛiti, 284, 287, 288, 289

Mahābhāshya, 189, 322, 347, 414, 431

Mahādeva, 178, 182, 206

Mahākāvyas, 330

Mahānārāyaṇa Upanishad, 211

Mahārāshṭrī dialect, 27

Mahāvīracharita, 364

Mahāvṛishas, 195

Maheçvara, 433

Maitrāyaṇa Upanishad, 212, 230, 231

Maitrāyaṇa Saṃhitā, 54 n., 176, 180, 183, 212

Maitrāyaṇīyas, 175, 215

Maitreyī, 222

Mālatīmādhava, 363

Mālava era, 320, 323

Mālavikāgnimitra, 353, 354, 360

Malāyalam, 28

Mallinātha, 324, 327, 328, 330

Mammaṭa, 434

Mānava Çrauta Sūtra, 246; Dharma Sūtra, 262, 428; Gṛihya Sūtra, 250, 429; Dharmaçāstra, 428

Māṇḍīkas, 52

Māṇḍūkeyas, 50, 52

Māṇḍūkya, 241

Man-eating tiger, 148

Manes, 125, 169

Mankha-koça, 433

Manoravasarpaṇa, 144

Mantra and Brāhmaṇa, 180

Mantra-brāhmaṇa, 250

Mantrapāṭha, 250

Mantras, 177-180, 187

Manu, 108, 156, 175, 216, 261, 262, 295, 299, 394, 398; code of, 3, 193, 428; ship of, 144; and fish, 300

Manyu, 101

Māra, 225

Marāṭhī dialect, 17, 27

Marriage ritual, 162, 254, 263-264

Maruts, 85, 87-90, 105

Mashi (ink), 19

Mātariçvan, 70, 88, 108

Materialists, 405-407

Māṭhava, 214, 215

Mathematics, 434-435

Mathurā, 26, 27, 175, 322, 323, 411

Matsya (fish), 143, 300

Matsyas, 154, 157, 175

Maues (Moa), 412

Maurya dynasty, 410

Max Muller, Professor, 6, 12, 276, 322, 323

Mechanical formulas, 183

Medhātithi, 429

Medicine, Greek and Indian, 426-427; Indian, 435-436; in the Atharvaveda, 196

Megasthenes, 13, 148, 158, 286, 308, 411, 416

Meghadūta, 324, 335-336

Menander, 412 (king), 416 (poet)

Metre, 267; in drama, 349; Vedic, 55; post-Vedic, 279, 281

Milinda, 412

Milk and soma, 98

Mīmāṃsā system, 399-400, 407

Mirage, 108, 401

Mitāksharā, 424

Mithilā, 214

Mithra, 68

Mitra, 68, 78

Mitra-Varuṇa, 104

Mixed castes, 184

Moabite stone, 16

Mohamudgara, 378

Monkey, 119, 148

Monotheistic tendency, 70, 96

Moon (Soma), 100

Moral philosophy, 384

Morality, 163; divine, 73

Mountains, 114

Mṛicchakaṭikā, 360-361, 416

Mudrā, 399

Mudrā-rākshasa, 365, 378

Mugdha-bodha, 432

Muhammadan conquest, 9, 13, 18, 26, 413, 430

Muhammadans, 7

Mūjavat, 144

Mūjavats, 153, 156, 195

Muṇḍaka Upanishad, 222, 240

Music, 169, 436-437

Musicians, 170

Mutiny, Indian, 110

Mythology of Rigveda, 67; of Yajurveda, 181


Nachiketas, story of, 212, 225, 232

Nāgānanda, 362

Nāgarī, 17

Nāgas, 111

Nāgojibhaṭṭa, 431

Naigeya school, 174

Naishadhīya, 330

Nala, episode of, 296-298

Nalodaya, 330, 345

Nārada, 208

Nārada-smṛiti, 429

Narmadā (Nerbudda), 144, 176, 177, 415

Nāsatyau, 61

Nāsik, 26, 175

Nātha, 327

Nature in the drama, 354; in lyric poetry, 343

Nāṭya-çāstra, 433

Naubandhana, 144

Nāvaprabhraṃçana, 144

Navasāhasānka-charita, 331

Navigation, 143, 167

Nearchos, 19

Neo-Platonists, 422, 423

Nidāna Sūtra, 273

Nigama-pariçishṭa, 275

Nighaṇṭu-çesha, 433

Nīlakaṇṭha, 283, 290

Nirukta of Yāska, 269-270, 273, 281

Nirvāṇa, 395

Nishka, 167

Nītiçataka, 378

Nītiçāstra, 374

Nītimanjarī, 378

Nītisāra, 374

North, Sir Thomas, 418

Northern Buddhists, 26

Nyāya system, 403-405

Nyāya-sūtra, 405


Oldenberg, Professor, 204

One Being, 131

Oral tradition, 122; its importance in India, 16

Ornaments, 164

Orthodoxy, 386

Oshadhi, 111

Owl, 117


Pada text, 50, 51, 52

Pāda (metrical unit), 55

Padapāṭha, 51, 209

Paddhatis, 271

Padmagupta, 331

Padmapurāṇa, 295

Paippalāda recension of Atharvaveda, 186

Pahlavas, 286

Pāli, 25; literature, 280, 283, 295, 307, 379; manuscript, 18

Palm-leaf MSS., 18

Panchaçikha, 393

Panchālas, 156, 157, 175, 285

Pancharātras, 402

Pancha-siddhāntikā, 435

Panchatantra, 368-373, 377, 378, 381, 382, 384, 419

Panchaviṃça Brāhmaṇa, 203, 21O

Pāṇḍus, 216, 283

Panegyrics, 127

Pāṇini, 17, 22, 36, 39, 265, 268, 269, 279, 309, 3IO. 326, 407, 430 431, 433

Paṇis, 113, 119, 346

Panjāb, 9, 139, 140, 143, 145, 150, 160, 175, 410, 415

Panjābī dialect, 27

Pantheism, 70, 133, 221

Paper MSS., 18

Parāçara, 262

Parāçara-smṛiti, 429

Paradox, 132

Pāraskara Gṛihya Sūtra, 250, 429

Parchment, 19

Paribhāshendu-çekhara, 431

Pariçishṭas, 186, 270, 274, 275

Parjanya, 74, 91, 92

Parrots, 150

Parsis and Haoma, 146

Parushṇī (Ravi), 140, 154, 155

Pāṭaliputra (Patna), 13, 308, 410, 411, 415, 434

Patanjali, 22, 23, 175, 189, 265, 308, 396, 397, 400, 431

Path of the fathers and of the gods, 117

Pauravas, 410

Pavamāna hymns, 43

Peahens, 150

Peepul tree, 146

Pehlevī, 369, 377, 417

Persians, 7

Personification, 67, 69 Pessimism, 11, 230, 392, 424

Phallus worship, 153

Philosophical poems, 131-138

Philosophy, Greek and Indian, 421-423

Philostratus, 415

Phiṭ-Sūtras, 432

Phonetics, 50, 264-265

Piçāchas, 114

Pigeon, 117

Pilpay, fables of, 417, 418

Pingala, 267

Pippalāda, 240

Pischel, Professor, 361, 432, 434

Pitṛiyāṇa, 224, 225

Plants deified, 111

Plays in inscriptions, 367

Plotinus, 423

Plough deified, 112

Poetical skill in Rigveda, 66

Poetics, 433-434

Political organisation, 158

Popular spells, 185

Porphyry, 423

Porus, 410

Prabodha-chandrodaya, 366, 367

Praçna Upanishad, 240

Pragātha metres, 58

Prajāpati, 77, 101, 102, 132, 133, 136, 137, 181

Prākrit, 22, 23, 25, 310, 322; accent, 53; dialects, 27; in plays, 27, 348, 350; in lyrics, 344

Prākrita-prakāça, 432

Prakṛiti, 138, 391

Prakriyā-kaumudī, 432

Prāṇa, 200

Prātiçākhyas, 38, 46, 50, 51, 188, 265, 266

Prauḍha Brāhmaṇa, 210

Pravarādhyāya, 275

Prayogas, 271

Pṛiçni, 89, 109

Priest, domestic, 159, 193, 195

Priesthood, 34, 159, 160

Pṛithivī, 74, 93, 103

Prometheus, Indian, 108

Prose, 187, 202, 203, 207, 278; oldest, 32; in drama, 350

Psychology, 392, 404

Ptolemy II., 415

Punishment, future, 116

Purāṇa, 191, 281

Purāṇas, 52, 138, 194, 281, 299-302, 325, 388, 394, 395, 430

Purohita, 193, 195

Purukutsa, 154

Purūravas, 107, 119, 216, 346

Pūrus, 153, 154, 156, 157 158

Purusha, 132, 133, 137, 222

Purusha hymn, 132, 190

Purushottamadeva, 433

Pūshan, 79-80, 125, 164

Pythagoras, 422


Rāghavapāṇḍavīya, 331

Raghuvaṃça, 301, 325, 26,

Rāhu, 114

Rain, 90

Rain-cloud, 91, 92

Rain-god, 91

Rājaçekhara, 366

Rājatarangiṇī, 430

Rājayoga, 398

Rakshases, 114

Rakshohan (Agni), 97

Rām Charit Mānas, 317

Rāma, 312; episode of, 295, 301, 306

Rāmachandra, 432

Rāmānanda, 316

Rāmānuja, 316, 402

Rāmāyaṇa, 22, 133, 175, 216, 230, 281, 288, 295, 302-317, 325, 327, 414; allegorical theory about, 311; date of, 306-310; episodes of, 316; first Kāvya, 306, 311; language of, 309-310; main story of, 313-315; origin of, 304-305; popularity of, 317; recensions of, 303; two parts of, 311; Vishnuite redaction of, 315-316

Rāmāyaṇa-champū, 304

Rāmāyaṇa-kathāsāra-manjarī, 303

Rāṇāyanīyas, 173

Ratnākara, 330

Ratnāvalī, 361-362

Rātrī, 103, 104

Rāvaṇa, 312

Rāvaṇavadha, 331

Renaissance theory, 323

Rhazes, medical writer, 427

Rhinoplasty, 427

Rhyme, 330, 345

Ṛibhus, 106, 107

Rice, 145

Ṛich, 30

Ṛiçyaçṛinga, legend of, 295

Riddles, 130-131

Riding, 150, 166

Rigveda, 5, 16, 30; age of, 12, 46, 47; arrangement of, 40, 41; character of, 65; chronological strata in, 45, 46; nucleus of, 41; origin of, 40; recension of, 53; text of, 47, 48; various readings in other Vedas, 46; verses not analysed in Pada text, 51 n.; family books, 41; Books I. and VIII., 42; Book IX., 42-43, 97; Book X., 43-44

Rigveda Prātiçākhya, 51

Ṛigvidhāna, 274

Ṛiksha ("star" and "bear"), 109

Ṛishis, seven, 109

Ṛita, 67, 75

Ritual, 31; deities, 65; text-books, 205

Ṛitusaṃhāra, 3, 337-339

Rivers deified, 92, 93

Roger, Abraham, 1

Rohita, 200, 207

Romaka-siddhānta, 325, 425

Romans, 11

Rosen, F., 4

Roth, Rudolf von, 5, 60, 63, 64, 102, 117, 141, 186

Rückert, 345

Rudra, 72, 74, 89, 91, 105, 164, 178, 181

Rudrabhaṭa, 434

Rudras, 105

Rudraṭa, 421, 434


Sacerdotalism, 183

Sacraments, 251

Sacred cord, 253

Sacrifice, 159, 407; power of, 73, 183; growing importance of, 182

Sacrificial fee, 159; horse, 125; implements, 112; post, 112

Sadānanda Yogīndra, 402

Sadānīra (river), 214

Sadukti-karṇāmṛita, 379

Sāhitya-darpaṇa, 348, 434

Sāketa, 308

Salt, 150

Salvas, 213

Salvation, doctrine of, 389, 406

Sāmaveda, 30, 170, 171-174; accent of, 54 n.; various readings of, 173

Sāmavidhāna Brāhmaṇa, 211

Saṃhitā, 29; text, 47, 48, 49, 50

Saṃhitā-pāṭha, 209

Saṃhitopanishad, 211

Sandhi, 21, 48

Sānkhya system, 133, 137, 215, 230, 231, 234, 390-395, 404, 405, 407, 422, 423, 424

Sānkhya-kārikā, 393

Sānkhya-prarachana, 393, 396

Sānkhya Sūtras, 393, 396

Sanskrit, 21; classical, 4; meaning of, 22; as a spoken language, 8, 22-23; Buddhist texts, 26; in Germany, 4

Sanskrit dictionary, 5; epic, 309-310; inscriptions, 26; manuscripts, 8, 18, 19, 20; period, 9, 10, 39; studies, 2, 3, 4

Sanskrit literature, character of, 277-280; continuity of, 7, 8, 25; discovery of, 1-2; defects of, 10; extent of, 5; importance of, 6, 7, 10; originality of, 7; periods of, 8

Saptaçataka, 344

Sarasvatī, 93, 103, 119, 125, 140, 141, 145, 155, 174, 210, 214

Sarvadarçana-saṃgraha, 406, 407

Sarvajna Nārāyaṇa, 291

Sarvānukramaṇī, 271-272

Sat, 136

Savitṛi, 8, 71, 78-79, 101, 164

Sāvitrī stanza, 19, 209, 232

Sāvitrī, episode of, 253-255, 296

Sāyaṇa, 59, 61, 62, 174, 186, 259, 270, 275-276, 378, 406

Schiller, Friedrich, 335

Schlegel, Friedrich, 4

Schopenhauer, Arthur, 424

Schroeder, Professor L. v., 176

Scythians, 7, 322, 323, 412

Sea, 68, 77, 143, 144

Second birth, 253

Sectarian systems, 407

Secular hymns, 123

Seleucus, 411, 415

Semitic writing, 16

Sententious tone, 368

Serapion, 427

Serpent, 110; worship, 111, 182

Setubandha, 331

Shaḍguruçishya, 271, 272

Shaḍviṃça Brāhmaṇa, 210

Shakespeare, 350, 364, 365, 416

Shaving, 164

Siddhānta-çiromaṇi, 435

Siddhānta-kaumudī, 432

Siddhāntas, 426, 434

Silver, 151, 152

Siṃha, 147

Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃçikā, 375

Sindhī dialect, 27

Sindhu, 93, 140, 143, 144

Singers, 159

Singing, 170

Singhalese, 25

Sītā, 216, 305, 312

Skanda Purāṇa, 295

Skylax, 409

Slaves, 152

Smile, whiteness of, 75

Smṛiti, 35, 37, 193, 205

Solar deities, 77-81

Solar race, 157

Solstice, winter, 106

Soma, 29, 30, 65, 68, 71, 74, 87, 92, 97-100, 101, 123, 144, 145, 146, 164, 165, 192, 205, 248

Somadeva, 376

Sons, importance of, 36, 208

Sorcery, 185, 190, 191

Soul, 19, 115, 222, 390, 391, 395, 404, 405

Southern Buddhism, 25

Sphuṭa, 407

Sṛinjayas, 155, 157, 213

Star, morning and evening, 85

Stein, Dr. M. A., 430

Stevenson, missionary, 173

Stevenson, Mr. R. L., 399

Stewart, Dugald, 2

Stilus, 19

Strabo, 151

Strophic metre, 158

Studentship, 253

Style of Vedic poetry, 65

Subandhu, 288, 321, 332

Subhāshitāvalī, 379

Subtilty, fondness for, 65

Suçruta, 436

Suçruta-saṃhitā, 436

Sudās, 154, 155, 159, 169

Sun, 78, 123, 134

Suparṇādhyāya, 204

Sura, 113

Surā, 165

Sūrya, 77, 78, 82

Sūryā, 84, 123, 124

Sūrya-siddhānta, 434

Sutlej, 141, 145, 147, 174

Sūtras, 35, 36, 37, 38, 49, 101, 111 169, 189, 191, 205, 208; subsidiary, 38-39

Suttapiṭaka, 369

Suvāstu (Swat), 140

Svarbhānu, 114

Svarita accent, 54

Swan, wild, 150

Syllogism, 404


Taittirīya Āraṇyaka, 188, 211; Brāhmaṇa, 53, 180, 191, 203, 211; Saṃhitā, 176, 177, 179, 190, 196, 211; Upanishad, 211

Taittirīyas, 176

Takshaçilā, 409

Talavakāra Upanishad, 229

Talavakāras, 209

Tamil, 28

Tāṇḍins, 209

Tāṇḍya Brāhmaṇa, 210

Tantravārttika, 289, 400

Telugu, 18, 28

Thales, 422

Theosophy, 186

Thibaut, Dr., 325, 434, 435

Three constituents of matter, 231, 391; fires, 95; strides of Vishnu, 80; Vedas, 133; worlds, 68

Thunder, 85

Tiger, 147, 148

Towns, 158

Trade, 167, 168

Transmigration, 115, 223, 224, 225, 277-278, 383, 387-389, 406, 422

Trasadasyu, 154

Trayī vidyā, 30, 191

Tree, celestial, 116; deified, 111

Tribes, Aryan, 152-158

Trikāṇḍa-çesha, 433

Trikūṭa, 144

Trinity, earliest Vedic, 95 ; Hindu, 88, 95, 102, 231, 277, 286, 301

Trishṭubh metre, 57, 68

Trita Āptya, 88

Tṛitsus, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159

Tulsī Dās, 317

Turvaças, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157

Tvashṭṛi, 106

Twins, primeval, 118


Ucchishṭa, 201

Uçīnaras, 155, 157

Udātta accent, 54

Udayanāchārya, 405

Udgātṛi priest, 33

Ujjayinī, 415, 421, 424

Ujjvaladatta, 431

Uṇādi-sūtra, 431

Uṇādigaṇa-sūtra, 432

Upanishad Brāhmaṇa, 209

Upanishads, 34, 50, 99, 133, 178, 182, 189, 191, 202, 204, 208, 218-243, 385; chronology of, 226

Urvaçī, 107, 108, 119, 216, 346, 352

Ushabhadāta, 322

Ushas, 81-83, 84, 103, 145

Uttararāmacharita, 352, 364-365


Vāch, 93

Vāchaspati Miçra, 393

Vāgbhaṭa, 436

Vaiçālī, 309

Vaiçeshika system, 403-405

Vaiçya, 133

Vaidarbha style, 303

Vaijayantī, 433

Vaikhānasa Çrauta Sūtra, 246; Dharma Sūtra, 262 ; Gṛihya Sutra, 251

Vairāgya-çataka, 378

Vaishṇava Dharma-çāstra, 428 Vaitāna Çrauta Sūtra, 217, 218, 246-247

Vājasaneya Sūtra, 250

Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā, 101, 177-179, 181, 184

Vājasaneyins, 176, 215

Vākyapadīya, 431

Vala, 102, 114

Vālakhilya hymns, 52, 127

Vallabhadeva, 379

Vālmīki, 295, 305, 306, 310, 316, 317, 327

Vāmana, 432 (gram.), 434 (rhetorician)

Vaṃça Brāhmaṇa, 211

Varadarāja, 432

Varāha Mihira, 318, 324, 425, 435

Vararuchi, 324

Vardhamāna, 431

Varṇa, 86

Vārttikas, 431

Varuṇa, 70, 75, 76, 77, 78, 102, 105, 113, 119, 125, 145, 169, 201, 207

Vasishṭha, 155, 159, 160

Vasishṭha Dharmaçāstra, 260-261

Vasishṭhas, 164

Vāsavadattā, 332

Vāshkalas, 52

Vasubandhu, 325

Vasus, 105

Vāta, 90, 91

Vatsabhaṭṭi, 320

Vāyu, 90, 91, 164

Veda, 29

Vedas and Brāhmaṇas, 33; character of, 29-30; study of, 4, 5; learnt by heart, 8

Vedāngas, 264-267

Vedānta, 34, 71, 133, 204, 221, 226, 230, 238, 240, 241, 400-402, 405, 407, 421

Vedānta-sāra, 241

Vedic, 29; language, 20; literature, 5, 12; period, 8, 11, 29; and Sanskrit, 20

Veṇīsaṃhāra, 365-366

Vernacular languages, 24; words in Vedic, 24

Vetālapanchaviṃçati, 375

Vibhīdaka tree, 128

Viçākhadatta, 365

Viçpalā, myth of, 84

Viçvakarman, 132, 134

Viçvāmitra, 154, 155

Viçvanātha Kavirāja, 434

Viçvaprakāça, 433

Viçvedevas, 106

Vidarbha style, 303, 320, 321

Videgha, 214, 215

Videha, 213, 214, 215

Vidhāna, 192

Vijayanagara, 59, 275-276

Vijnāna-bhikshu, 394

Vijnāneçvara, 429

Vikram and the Vampire, 375

Vikrama, 320

Vikramāditya, 320, 323, 324, 325, 339

Vikramorvaçī, 108, 353, 354, 358-359

Villages, 158

Vīṇā, 169

Vināyakas, 251

Vindhya range, 9, 18, 23, 141, 144, 410

Vipāç (Beäs), 93, 140, 154

Vishṇu, 8, 74, 80-1, 89, 182, 194, 411; avatārs of, 300; cult of, 299, 347; and sacrifice, 133

Vishṇu Purāṇa, 194

Vishṇu Smṛiti, 428

Vitastā (Jhelum), 140

Vivasvat, 97, 118

Vocabulary of Atharvaveda, 196

Voltaire, 1

Vopadeva, 432

Vrātya, 187; Stomas, 210

Vṛitra, 72, 84, 85, 86, 110, 114, 312

Vṛitrahan, 85

Vṛitta (rhythm), 56


Wackernagel, Prof. J., 430, 432

Warfare, 165-166.

Waters deified, 92

Wealth, 129, 130

Weaving, 168

Weber, Professor, 176, 177, 206, 212, 307, 311, 360, 414, 415, 420

Wedding ceremony, 8; hymn, 123-124, 149

Wednesday (budhavāra), 262

White Yajurveda, 177, 179, 206

Whitney, Professor W. D., 186

Widow, 126; burning, 126

Wife, position of, 162

Wilkins, Charles, 2

Wilson, Prof. Horace Hayman, 60

Windisch, Prof. E., 415

Witchcraft, 31, 191, 192

Wolf, 148

Women, 129, 130

Wood (original matter), 134

World, origin of, 132

World-giant, 132, 133

Worshippers and gods, 73

Writing, age of, 16; beginnings of, 15, 408; two kinds, 15; materials, 18, 19


Yādava-prakāça, 433

Yādavas, 157, 411

Yadus, 153, 154, 156, 157

Yājnavalkya, 213, 214, 222, 223 ; his Dharma Çāstra, 428

Yājnikī Upanishad, 211

Yajurveda, 30, 73, 156, 174-184; schools of, 175

Yama, 68, 70, 74, 98, 116, 117, 118, 125, 146, 169, 218, 225; and Yamī, 119, 346

Yamī, 117

Yamunā (Jumna), 142, 154, 411

Yāska, 22, 46, 50, 60, 61, 62, 258, 265, 267, 268, 269, 273, 274

Yātrās, 244, 345, 347

Yavanas, 415, 425

Yavanikā, 415, 416

Year, enigma of, 131; lunar and solar, 106

Yima, 68, 118

Yimeh, 118

Yoga, 232, 396-399, 405, 407, 423

Yoga Sūtras, 396, 398

Yueh-chi tribes, 413


Zachariæ, Prof. T., 433

Zeus, 68, 74, 75, 411, 425

Zoroastrian devas, 113 ; rite, 253