Index:Distinguished Churchmen.djvu

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Distinguished Churchmen.djvu

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Cover Title Preface  vi  vii Contents  x  xi  xii  xiii  xiv  xv  xvi

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CONTENTS


CHAPTER I

THE BISHOP OF LLANDAFF

The Right Rev. Richard Lewis, D.D., Doyen of Welsh Bishops

CHURCH EXTENSION IN WALES

PAGE

Troublous Times in Church and Country—Demise of Archbishop Tait and Bishop Ollivant—Dr Benson becomes Primate—Episcopal Vacancies at Truro and Llandaff—Archdeacon of St David's chosen for the Welsh See—New Bishop's Distinguished Welsh Ancestry—Welshmen's Pride in Choice of a Welshman—Their Testimony to His All-round Good Work—G.O.M. of the Church in Wales—Llandaff Palace—His Lordship's Views—Church in Wales no Alien Church—Great on Church Extension—Plain Spoken on Temperance and Education—Why the Bishop nearly resigned the See

1

CHAPTER II

THE ARCHDEACON OF LONDON

The Ven. William Macdonald Sinclair, D.D.

LONDON UNDER FOUR BISHOPS

The Days of Youth—Early Bent for the Church—At Repton under Dr Pears—In Distinguished Company at Oxford: Liddon, Pusey and Jowett—Resident Chaplain to Dr Jackson—Parochial Work at Westminster—Chaplain-in-Ordinary to Queen Victoria—Archdeacon of London: Some of His Views—Prevailing Tone of Church Thought in the Seventies—Self-devotion and Earnestness of the Clergy—The Bishops: Dr Jackson, Dr Temple, Dr Creighton, Dr Ingram—Changes at St Paul's—The Church not keeping Pace with the Growth of Population—Remarkable Statistics—About Thanksgiving and Memorial Services—Social Institutes—Poverty of the Clergy and the Dearth of Curates

29

CHAPTER III

THE RIGHT REV. ALFRED BARRY, D.D.

Formerly Bishop of Sydney, Metropolitan of New South Wales and Primate of Australia

CHURCH INFLUENCE IN GREATER BRITAIN

A Glimpse of London in the Twenties—Curious Conditions of Church Life—At Cambridge: Fourth among the Wranglers—An Eventful Future—Away to the Australian Colonies—Religion first conveyed to the Convicts—Attempt at Church Organisation in 1829—Church now completely organised—Colonial Federation in Ecclesiastical Matters long ago accomplished—Chinese Congregations—Colonial Church's Double Function: Care for English People and Missionary Expansion—Position of the Clergy

53

CHAPTER IV

THE DEAN OF MANCHESTER

The Very Rev. Edward Craig Maclure, D.D.

A MODERN DIOCESE AMONG THE TEXTILE WORKERS

Bradlaugh's Testimonial—A Dean opposed to Party Spirit in Church Affairs—Prayer-Book or Comprehensive Churchman—Broad Views engender Criticism—Scion of a Well-Known Lancashire Family—The Brothers Maclure: One decides for the Ministry, the other for Commerce and Politics—Goes to Oxford with Scholarship—Rows for Brasenose, Head of the River—Ordained by Dr Pepys—At St Pancras, Curate to a subsequent Dean of Lichfield—Back in Lancashire—Leaves Burnley for Rochdale—Makes His Mark as an Educationist and Parish Priest—The Rewards: Appointed Hon. Canon, Rural Dean, Archdeacon and Dean, the Last Two within a Fortnight—A Curious Jumble: represented as Grandson of His Nephew and Son of His Younger Brother—Great on School Board Work—Manchester Protestants protest against Ritualistic Tendencies—Dean stands Firm—Church and Labour—Unyielding though Friendly Attitude towards Dissenters—Thomas de la Warre's Contribution to the Church in Lancashire—The Brothers Maclure and the Restoration of “Th' Owd Collegiate Church”—Establishment of the New Diocese—Insufficient Clergy to cope with Work—Dealing with the Hebrews—Urgent Need of Sub-division and more Diocesan Bishops

73

CHAPTER V

PREBENDARY HENRY ELLIOTT FOX, M.A.

Hon. Secretary, Church Missionary Society

SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD

Origin of C.M.S.—Call to the World—Its Democratic Government—Past and Present Secretaries—Mr Fox and Bishop Tucker, of Uganda—Management of C.M.S. and S.P.G. compared—Enormous Expansion of the Work—India—Africa—China—Egypt—Building-up Native Churches in India and Africa—Lord Kitchener and Missionary Enterprise in Egypt—Generals, like Doctors, differ—Egypt controlled Contrary to Gordon's Idea—Insufficiency of Income

99

CHAPTER VI

THE REV. GEORGE BAYFIELD ROBERTS

Vicar of Elmstone, and Chairman of the Canon Law Committee of the E.C.U.

THE ENGLISH CHURCH UNION AND ITS STORY

Childhood's Associations with Musical Celebrities—Musical Bent descends from Father to Son—Inhibited by Mr D'Oyly Carte from conducting Savoy Operas—A Gift from the Emperor of Germany—Active in the Literary World—Effect of the Educational Policy of the Liberal Party on Churchmen—Mid-Century Efforts to restore Catholic Doctrine and Discipline—Break-up of Coalition of Churchmen in Defence of Church Education—E.C.U. established in 1860—Aims and Objects, Growth and Government—No Party Shibboleths—Laity hold more Advanced Views than Clergy—Dr Pusey and the Union—Position of Privy Council on Church Matters—Delivering the Death-blow to Rampant Erastianism—About Catholic Ceremonial and Incense—Athanasian Creed saved at Remarkable Meeting—Why Bishops quit the E.C.U.—Bishop Gore's Case—Bishop of Lincoln remains—Spread of the Movement in America—Important Questions for the Future

121

CHAPTER VII

THE BISHOP OF UGANDA

The Right Rev. Alfred Robert Tucker, D.D.

SUPPRESSING THE SLAVE-TRADE AND EVANGELISING EAST AFRICA

2

Message to the British People—History of East African Exploration—Painter relinquishes Art to adorn the Church—At Oxford with Sir Arthur Hardinge and Lord Curzon of Kedleston—Mr Fox of C.M.S. infuses Missionary Zeal—Mr Tucker becomes Third Bishop of Eastern Equatorial Africa—His Appeal saves Uganda to England—In Bishop Hannington's Train—Recovers Hannington's Bones and accords them Christian Burial—Story of Hannington's Murder—Sub-division of the Diocese—Goes to Uganda—Combating Slave-Trade—Growth of the Church—Missionary Spirit of the Bagandas

151

CHAPTER VIII

THE REV. WILSON CARLILE

Rector of St Mary-at-Hill, City—Founder and Hon.
Chief Secretary of the Church Army

RECLAIMING THE SUBMERGED TENTH OF THE CHURCH

Mr Carlile bears His Scars like a General of the Forces—The Life Story: Agnostic but becomes Christian—Joins the Anglican Church—Shuns Commerce for the Ministry—Unusual Methods at St Mary-at-Hill—Influenced by the Work of the Booths in Whitechapel—Need for a Fresh Movement in the Church—With the Bishop of Peterboro’ at Kensington—Appalled by the Condition of the Masses—The Small Beginnings which tell—Smashed up in Westminster—Establishment of the Church Army—The Labour Homes—Carrying the Message and Consolation into Gaols—Bringing the Fallen into Christian Comradeship—Statistics—Erstwhile Thief Happy with His Own Watch—Burglar turned Evangelist—Outlay and Needs of the Church Army

171

CHAPTER IX

THE BISHOP OF CALEDONIA

The Right Rev. W. Ridley, D.D.

AMONG THE INDIANS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA—EFFORTS TO OVERCOME RACE HATRED

Disastrous Fire at Metlakathla—Bishop loses His Home while Journeying to Alaska Goldfields—Valuable MSS. destroyed—Early Life—At Peshawur and Afghanistan—Ministering to Wounded and Prisoners in Franco-German War—Crossing Battlefield after Sedan—Called to Caledonia—Bishop's Wonderful Indians—Eight Months without a Mail—Dealing with Medicine Men—Five Nationalities at Communion Table: Never met before but to fight—Race Hatred—Loyalty of Indians to Mission Staff—Bishop's Queer Occupations—Columbia's Mineral Wealth—A Wolf Story

197

CHAPTER X

THE REV. E. DE M. RUDOLF

Founder of the Church of England Homes for Waifs and Strays

RESCUING THE CHILDREN FROM DESTITUTION, IGNORANCE AND CRIME

The Idea of a Layman—Face to Face with the Social Problem in South Lambeth—Churchmen behind Unsectarian Folk—Church's Organisation easily applicable—Poor Law Board and Home Secretary welcome the New Effort—Unique Initial Subscription—Aiding the State in uplifting Destitute and Neglected Children—Homes in every Diocese in the Country—Particular Cases emigrated to Niagara and Quebec—Helping the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children—Erstwhile Beneficiaries assist Their Successors in the Homes—The Guild of Gratitude—Disappointed Art Patron founds a Home—Some Benevolent Friends—Typical Cases helped—Others of Gratitude—Cases needing Discrimination—Testimony from High Quarters

221

CHAPTER XI

THE REV. MONTAGUE FOWLER, M.A.

Rector of All Hallows’, London Wall

THE CHURCH IN HER RELATION TO THE CHURCHES IN THE EAST

Lamentable Condition of Affairs in the East—“Christian Egypt”—St Mark's Martyrdom—The Mohammedan Conquest: the Scourge of a False Religion—The Coptic Church has the Sympathy of English Archbishops, notably Howley, Benson and Temple—Fund for the Egyptian Bishopric—Sir John Fowler's Work in Egypt—How He helped the Government and the Expedition after General Gordon's Death—Sir John's Third Son at Harrow and Cambridge—With Archbishop Benson—Mr and Mrs Fowler in the Literary World—Features of the Work at All Hallows’—Investigations in Egypt—Proposal for Egyptian Bishopric; the Difficulties between the Promoters and the Government—Lord Cromer's Attitude—Brighter Prospects—The Down-trodden Nestorian or East Syrian Church—Recollections of Archbishop Benson and Archbishop Thomson

245

CHAPTER XII

PREBENDARY WEBB-PEPLOE, M.A.

Vicar of St Paul’s, Onslow Square

QUARTER OF A CENTURY IN THE WEST END

Recognition of Twenty-five Years Service At Cheltenham and Cambridge—Successful but Unfortunate Athlete—Decrease in Tithe and Poverty among the Clergy—Dearth of Clergy—Tendency of Modern Fashions—The Clergyman and Society—Possible Relations between Church and Nonconformity

267

CHAPTER XIII

THE BISHOP OF ZULULAND

The Right Rev. William Marlborough Carter, D.D.

THE CHURCH AND THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA

Setting up the Church in the Home of Warriors—Century's History of Zululand—Early Religious Efforts—Formation of the See of Zululand—Bishop Mackenzie's Lasting Work—Bishop Carter: Out-and-Out Etonian—Aquatic Success at Oxford and Henley—In Charge of Eton Mission in the East End—Condition of the Diocese Eleven Years Ago—Scene of British Valour marked by a Central Church—Zulus and Ancestor Worship—Polygamy a Serious Difficulty—God never intended Blacks and Whites to Marry—Boers and Church Services—War a Hindrance to the Work of the Church—Bishop's Strange Experiences

283

CHAPTER XIV

THE REV. HARRY WILSON, M.A.

Vicar of St Augustine’s, Stepney, E.

AMONG THE EAST END SLUMS

Bishop of London and Rev. Harry Wilson in the Work—Mid-Century Attitude towards the East End—A Pluralist in Oxfordshire—Petitions Bishop Walsham How for Work among the Masses—Exchange of Livings—Financial Difficulties to start with—Callousness and Indifference of East Enders—Lack of Housing Accommodation a Big Social Evil—Small Incomes and Improvidence—Rescue Work among the Hooligans—Gangs, turned into Social and Football Clubs, win Moral Victories—Novel Use of German Band : Paves the Way for the Preacher in the Slums—Unique Working Class Congregation—A Good Story: Cheap Beer expected through the School Board—Curing Drunkenness, especially among Women—Encouraging Providence and Thrift—Penny Banks and Sharing Clubs—The “Red House”: “A Good Pull-up for Bishops”—“Blue House” for Women in Contemplation

301

CHAPTER XV

THE REV. JOHN COX EDGHILL, D.D.

Ex-Chaplain-General to the Forces

THE CHURCH IN THE ARMY

Canon Liddon's Opinion of the Chaplain-General—Bill in Parliament to confer on Chaplain-General Powers of Bishop—Dr Edghill and His Career—With the Troops at Aldershot—At Chatham—At Nova Scotia—A Spiritual Force in Canada—Unanimously elected Bishop of Nova Scotia; but resolves to stand by the Army—At Dover and Gibraltar—Back again at Aldershot—At Portsmouth—Abilities recognised by Bishop Harold Browne—Chaplain-General on the Nomination of the Duke of Devonshire—Chaplains in the Time of Marlborough—Lord Melbourne invites Mr Gleig to form Army Chaplains' Department after Peninsular War—Large Number of Chaplains appointed during Crimean War—Status and Pay of Chaplains—Class for Men who join the Army—Work among Soldiers' Wives and Children—Need of Lay Agents and Lady Workers—General Officers most helpful in seconding Endeavours for Good of Soldiers—Evils of the Barrack-Room—Lord Roberts and Temperance in the Army—Chaplains on the Battlefield

327

CHAPTER XVI

THE ARCHDEACON OF LIVERPOOL

The Ven. William Francis Taylor, D.D., LL.D.

EVANGELICAL PROTESTANTISM AND THE KING’S STATUTORY DECLARATION

Distinguished Career at Dublin University—Some Dublin Notables—Dr Taylor's Unique Position—Parochial Work in Chester and Liverpool—A Preacher of Promise—Succeeds Dr M‘Neile as Champion of the Evangelical Cause—Archdeacon of Warrington—Archdeacon of Liverpool—Controversialist and Lecturer—Great on Research—Result: a Full Mind—Bradlaugh v. Archdeacon Taylor: a Dramatic Incident worthy of a Historic Picture—Spokesman for Church Association—Author of a Hundred Works—Liverpool an Evangelical Stronghold—Conditions which called the Church Association into Existence—Aims and Objects of the Association—Notable Ritual Cases—The Royal Declaration and Coronation Oath—Action of the Romanists—Strong Case against Alteration

351

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