Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 1.djvu/732

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720
HAYDN.
 

The following is a list of Haydn's compositions—printed, copied, and autograph—with others mentioned in various catalogues.

I. Instrumental. [1]Symphonies, including overtures to operas and plays, 125; 'The Seven Words from the [2]Cross'; various compositions for wind and strings, separately and combined, 66, including divertimenti, concerted pieces, etc., 7 notturnos for the lyre, serenades, 7 marches, 6 scherzandos, 1 sestet, several quintets, 1 'Echo' for 4 violins and 2 cellos, 'Feldpartien' for wind instruments, and arrangements from baryton pieces; 12 collections of minuets and allemandes; 31 concertos—9 violin, 6 cello, 1 double bass, 5 lyre, 3 baryton, 2 flute, 3 horn, 1 for 2 horns, 1 clarino (1796). Baryton [3]pieces, 175. 1 duet for 2 lutes; 2 trios for lute, violin and cello; 1 sonata for harp, with flute and bass; several pieces for a musical clock; a solo for harmonica. Duets—6 for violin solo with viola accompaniment.[4] Trios, 30: 20 are for 2 violins and bass; 1 for violin solo, viola concertante, and bass; 2 for flute, violin, and bass; 3 for 3 flutes; 1 for corno di caccia, violin, and cello. Quartets for 2 violins, viola, and cello, 77; the first 18 were published in 3 series, the next is in MS. then one printed separately, 54 in 9 series of 6 Nos. each, 2 more, and the last.[5] Clavier—20 [6]concertos and divertimenti; 38 [7]trios—35 with violin and cello, 3 with flute and cello; 53 sonatas[8] and divertimenti; 4 sonatas[9] for clavier and violin; 9 smaller pieces, including 5 Nos. of variations, a capriccio, a fantasia, 2 adagios, and 'Différentes petites pièces'; 1 duet (variations).

II. Vocal. Church music—14 Masses; 1 Stabat Mater; 2 Te Deums; 13 [10]offertoires, and 4 motets; 1 Tantum ergo; 4 Salve Reginas; 1 Regina cœli; 2 Ave Reginas; Responsoria de Venerabili; 1 Cantilena pro Adventu (German words); 6 sacred arias; 2 duets. Oratorios and cantatas—'The Creation'; 'The Seasons'; 'Il Ritorno di Tobia'; 'The Seven Words'; 'Invocation of Neptune'; 'Applausus musicus' (for the festival of a prelate, 1768); cantata for the birthday of Prince Nicolaus, (1763): 'Die Erwählung eines Kapellmeisters,' a cantata. Operas—1 German, or more correctly, Singspiel; 4 Italian comedies; 14 ditto, buffe; 5 marionette operas; music for 'Alfred,' a tragedy, and various other plays; 22 airs, mostly inserted in operas; 'Ariana a Naxos,[11] cantata for single voice and P.F.; Deutschland's Klage auf den Tod Friedrichs des Grossen,' cantata for a single voice with baryton accompaniment. Songs—12 German Lieder, 1782; 12 ditto, 1784; 12 single ones (5 unpublished); 6 'Original canzonets,' London 1796; 6 ditto; 'The Spirit Song,' Shakspeare, F minor; 'O tuneful Voice,' E♭, composed for an English lady of position, both published; 3 English songs in MS.; 2 duets; 3 3-part and 10 4-part songs; 3 choruses, MS.; 1 ditto from 'Alfred' (Breitkopf & Härtel); the Austrian national anthem, for single voice and in 4 parts; 42 canons in 2 and more parts; 2 ditto; 'The Ten Commandments,' set to canons; the same, with different words, under the title 'Die zehn Gesetze der Kunst'; 'A Selection of original Scots songs in 3 parts, the harmony by Dr. J. Haydn,' with violin and bass accompaniments and symphonies;[12] 'A select Collection of Original Welsh Airs in 3 parts.'[13]

Supposititious and doubtful works. Instrumental—Several symphonies and concerted pieces; the 'Kunstquartet,' with different movements, by André, entitled 'Poissons d'Avril"; the [14]'Ochsenmenuett'; 'Sei quartetti, Opera xxi' (Paris, Durieu); 'Sei quintetti, Opera xxii' (Paris, Le Chevardière). 1 string quintet in C, published as op. 88 (by Michael Haydn); 1 Clavier-trio in C (M. Haydn); Sonata, op. 93, No. 2 (by Cambini); 'Sonates à quatre mains,' op. 77, 81, 86, merely arrangements from symphonies. Vocal—2 Requiems; 4 Masses (Novello 9, 10, 13, 14); 'Schulmeistermesse'; several MS. Masses; Te Deum in C, 3-4 tempo (by M. Haydn); Miserere in G minor; 2 Liberas; MS. Oratorio, 'Abramo ed Isacco' (by Misliweczek); 2 'Passions-Oratorien,' MS.; 1 'Applausus musicus,' 1763, and 'Aria de St. Joanne de Nepomuk,' 1763 (both MS., by Albrechtsberger). Cantatas—'An die Freude,' found recently; 'Das Erndtefest'; Des Dichters Geburtsfest'; 'Hier liegt Constantia.' Operas—'Alessandro il Grande,' 1780, pasticcio from Haydn and other composers; 'Laurette,' opéra comique (Paris 1791), a pasticcio; 'La caffetiera bizarra,' (by Weigl); Die Hochzelt auf der Alm (M. Haydn); 'Der Apfeldieb,' Singspiel (by Tast, also set by Bierrey); 'Der Freybrief,' partially adapted from Haydn's 'La Fedelta premiata,' by Fridolin Weber (C. M. von Weber afterwards added [15]two numbers); 'Die Bauchfangkehrer,' by Salieri; 'La Fée Urgéle' (by Pleyel) also set by Amans and Schulz. Terzet for men's voices, 'Lieber, holder, kleiner Engel,' (by Schickaneder); comic canon 'Venerabili barbara capucinorum,' (by Gassmann); canon, 'Meine Herren, lasst uns jetzt eine Sinfonie aufführen'; proverbs for 4 voices, by André; 'Die Theilung der Erde.' a bass song by Roser (Diabelli).


In the impossibility of giving a complete thematic list of Haydn's 125 Symphonies, some particulars regarding a few of them may be useful.

I. The 12 Symphonies which he composed for Salomon's concerts, numbered in the order of their occurrence in the Catalogue of the Philharmonic Society of London.

N.B.—The dates given in inverted commas as 'Londini, 1791'—are those on the autograph scores. Those in brackets, [1792], are conjectural.

The numbers in brackets, [8], are those of Breitkopf & Härtel's edition.

The titles in inverted commas are those usual in England; those in brackets are accepted in Germany.

No. 1. [7.]
[179-.]
 

{ \time 3/4 \override Score.Rest #'style = #'classical \tempo \markup { \smaller \italic Adagio. } \relative c'' { <c e g c>4\ff r r | a4.\p \appoggiatura { b16[ a gis] } a8( b c) | g4. a16( g) g( f e d) | c4 } }


No. 2. [5.]
'Londini, 1791.'
 

{ \time 3/4 \override Score.Rest #'style = #'classical \key d \major \tempo \markup { \smaller \italic Adagio. } \relative d' { d2\fermata\ff r8. d16 d2\fermata r4 fis'4( d a) | g8( g16. a32 b8) r8 r4 } }


'The Surprise.' [Mit dem Paukenschlag.]

No. 3. [6.]
'1791.'
 

{ \time 3/4 \key g \major \tempo \markup { \smaller \italic Adagio. } \relative d'' { <d b>4\p( <g e> <e c>) | <d b>8.( <e c>32 <c a> <b g>8) r r g | fis g c b a g | d4. } }


No. 4. [8.]
[1792.]
 

{ \time 4/4 \override Score.Rest #'style = #'classical \key bes \major \tempo \markup { \smaller \italic Adagio } \relative b { bes2\ff des\sf f2.\sf \stemUp bes4-| ges-| bes-| ees,-| ges-| a, r8. <f' a c f>16_\markup { \dynamic ffz } <f a c f>4 r\fermata } }


No. 5. [9.]
'1791.'
 

{ \time 4/4 \key c \minor \tempo \markup { \smaller \italic "Allegro Moderato." } \relative c''' { c2\ff g4-. aes-. fis-. g-. r2 r r8. g,,16\p( c8. ees16) << { ees4 d c } \\ { b2 c4 } >> } }


No. 6. [14.]
'1791.'
 

{ \time 3/4 \key d \major \tempo \markup { \smaller \italic Adagio. } \relative d'' { d2(\ff a4 fis) r8 d\p([ fis a)] d[ \grace { e16[ d cis] } d16. e32] fis8[ \grace { g16[ fis e] } fis16. g32] a8.[ d16] d4( cis8) } }


No. 7.[16] [2.]
'Londini, 1795.'
 

{ \time 4/4 \key f \major \tempo \markup { \smaller \italic Adagio. } \relative d'' { d4\ff d8.. d32 a'2\fermata | d,4 d8.. d32 a2\fermata | << { r2 r8 d16. c32 c8-.( c-.) } \\ { d,4\p d8.. e32 e2 } >> } }


  1. 94 are published in parts, 40 in score; 29 remain in MS. P.F. arrangements for 2 hands about 40, for 4 about 60, for 8 about 10.
  2. Originally for orchestra; arranged first for 2 violins, viola, and bass, then for soli, chorus, and orchestra.
  3. Arrangements were published of several of those in 3 parts, with violin (for which the flute is occasionally substituted), viola, or cello as principal.
  4. The numerous printed duets or 2 violins are only arrangements from his other works.
  5. The arrangement of the 'Seven Words' is wrongly included in the collections.
  6. One concerto is with principal violin; two only, G and D. have been printed; the last alone survives.
  7. Only 31 are printed.
  8. Only 35 are printed; the one in C, containing the Adagio in F, included in all the collections of smaller pieces, only in London.
  9. 8 are published, but 4 of these are arrangements.
  10. 10 of the 13 are taken from other compositions, with Latin text added.
  11. Published by Simrock with orchestral accompaniment by Schneider (?), and with clavier accompaniment, and Italian, German, and French words.
  12. London: printed for W. Napier. Dedicated by permission to H.R.H. the Duchess of York. Vol. I. contains 100, Vol. II. 100 Vol. III. 47. Haydn's own catalogue mentions 364, some of which were published by Thomson & Whyte of Edinburgh.
  13. Printed by Preston, vol. I. 20, vol. II. 17, vol. III. 4.
  14. The Ox's minuet-the title of a Singspiel founded on the well-known anecdote, set to a pasticcio from Haydn's compositions, and long popular.
  15. See, Jähns's Catalogue, Nos. 78, 79.
  16. Haydn has headed the MS. 'Sinfonia in D, the 12th which I have composed in England.'