Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 2.djvu/236

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224 MARYLEBONE GARDENS.

Gazette, Jan n, 1691-2. Count de Tallard, the French ambassador, gave a splendid entertain- ment before leaving England to the Marquis of Nonnanby (afterwards Duke of Buckingham- shire) and other persons of note ' at the great Bowling Green at Marylebone,' in June, 1699. About that time the house became noted as a gaming house much frequented by persons of rank ; Sheffield, Duke of Buckinghamshire, was a constant attendant, and, as Quin told Pen- nant, gave every spring a dinner to the chief frequenters of the place, at which his parting toast was ' May as many of us as remain un- hanged next spring meet here again.' It was he who was alluded to in Lady Mary Wortley Montague's oft -quoted line, 'Some dukes at Marybone bowl time away.' Gay, in his ' Beg- gar's Opera,' 1727, makes Marylebone one of Macheath's haunts, and mentions the 'deep play' there. Prior to 1737 admission to the gardens was gratuitous, but in that year Daniel Gough, the proprietor, charged is. each for admission, giving in return a ticket which was taken back in payment for refreshments to that amount. In 1738 Gough erected an orchestra and en- gaged a band of music ' from the opera and both theatres,' which performed from 6 to 10 o'clock, during which time they played 18 pieces. In August ' two Grand or Double Bassoons, made by Mr. Stanesby, junior, the greatness of whose sound surpass ihat of any other bass instrument whatsoever ; never performed with before,' were introduced. In 1740 an organ was erected by Bridge. In 1746 robberies had become so fre- quent and the robbers so daring that the pro- prietor was compelled to have a guard of sol- diers to protect the visitors from and to town. In 1747 Miss Falkner appeared as principal singer (a post she retained for some years), and the admission to the concert was raised to as. In 1 748 an addition was made to the number of lamps, and Defesch was engaged as first violin, and about the same time fireworks were intro- duced. In 1751 John Trusler became pro- prietor; 'Master (Michael) Arne' appeared as a singer, balls and masquerades were occasion- ally given, the doors were opened at 7, the fire- works were discharged at 1 1 , and ' a guard was appointed to be in the house and gardens, and to oblige all persons misbehaving to quit the place.' In 1752 the price of admission was reduced to 6d., although the expense was said to be 8 per night moie than the preceding year. In 1753 the bowling green was added to the garden, and the fireworks were on a larger scale than before. In 1758 the first burletta performed in the gar- dens was given ; it was an adaptation by Trusler jun. and the elder Storace of Pergolesi's 'La Serva Padrona,' and for years was a great fa- vourite. The gardens were opened in the morn- ing for breakfasting, and Miss Trusler made cakes which long enjoyed a great vogue. In 1762 the gardens were opened in the morning gratis and an organ performance given from 5 to 8 o'clock. In 1763 the place passed into the hands of Thomas (familiarly called Tommy)

��MASNADIERI.

Lowe, the popular tenor singer, the admission was raised to is. and Miss Catley was among the singers engaged. In the next year the open- ing of the gardens on Sunday evenings for tea drinking was prohibited ; and in October a morning performance, under the name of a re- hearsal, was given, when a collection was made in aid of the sufferers by destructive fires at Montreal, Canada, and Honiton, Devonshire. Lowe's management continued until 1768, when he retired, having met with heavy losses. In

1769 Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Arnold became pro- prietor, and engaged Mrs. Pinto (formerly Miss Brent), Master Brown, and others as vocalists, Pinto as leader, Hook as organist and music di- rector, and Dr. Arne to compose an ode. In

1770 Barthelemon became leader, and Mrs. Bar- thelemon, Bannister and Reinhold were among the singers. A burletta by Barthelemon, called 'The Noble Pedlar,' was very successful. In

177 1 Miss Harper (afterwards Mrs. John Ban- nister) appeared, Miss Catley reappeared, and several new burlettas were produced. In 1772 Torre, an eminent Italian pyrotechnist, was en- gaged, and the fireworks became a more promi- nent feature in the entertainments, to the great alarm of the neighbouring inhabitants, who ap- plied to the magistrates to prohibit their exhibi- tion, fearing danger to their houses from them. Torre however continued to exhibit during that and the next two seasons. But the gardens were losing their popularity: in 1775 there ap- pear to have been no entertainments of the usual kind, but occasional performances of Baddeley's entertainment, ' The Modern Magic Lantern,' deliveries of George Saville Carey's 'Lecture upon Mimicry,' or exhibitions of fireworks by a Signer Caillot. In 1776 entertainments of a similar description were given, amongst which was a representation of the Boulevards of Paris. The gardens closed on Sept. 23, and were nob afterwards regularly opened. In or about 1778 the site was let to builders, and is now occupied by Beaumont Street, Devonshire Street, and part of Devonshire Place. The tavern, with a piece of ground at the back, used as a skittle alley, continued to exist in nearly its pristine state until 1855, when it was taken down, and rebuilt on its own site and that of an adjoining house, and on the ground behind it was erected the Marylebone Music Hall. [W. H. H.]

MASANIELLO. The name in England of Auber's opera, LA MUETTE DE PORTICI. Produced in English as ' Masaniello, or the Dumb Girl of Portici,'at Drury Lane, May 4, 1829 ; in Italian (in 3 acts) at Royal Italian Opera, Covent Garden, March 15, 1849. [G.]

MASNADIERI, I i.e. The Brigands an opera in 4 acts ; libretto by MafFei, from Schiller's ' Robbers,' music by Verdi. Produced at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, July 22, 1847, Verdi conducting and Jenny Lind acting. An experiment had been made by Mercadante eleven years before on a libretto adapted from the Hu- guenots, under the title of ' I Briganti,' produced at the Italiens, Paris, March 22, 1836. [G.]

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