founded by M. Emile Lemoine in Jan. 1861, and now (1884) holding its meetings at 84 Rue de Grenelle-St. Germain. In some respects it differs from all other institutions of similar ob- ject. Having sprung from the strictly private meetings of its founder and a handful of friends, then students of the Ecole Polytechnique, it retains the traces of its original domestic cha- racter. M. Lemoine is careful to announce that he is not a manager or director, but a host ; by a pleasant but transparent fiction the audience are not subscribers (though the amount they pay is fixed, and they are constantly reminded of it) ; they are the friends of the host, and are invited to reunions at his house. The com- munications between M. Lemoine and his friends, in the programmes, are all couched in the tone, often almost a brusque one, of personal in- timacy. As Mr. Ella adopted for the motto of the late ' Musical Union ' the words ' H piu gran ommaggio alia musica sta nel silenzio,' so M. Lemoine's most frequent and earnest in- junctions are directed towards silence during the performances. The name of ' Trompette * arose from a phrase of the Ecole Polytechnique, and the flavour of that famous school is maintained in the ' heure militaire ' military time which Is observed in the hour of commencement.
The meetings began, as already said, in a room at the Ecole. As the number of invitations increased, the locale was changed, until it arrived at its present one, where the audience often reaches 1000. The number of concerts appears to vary from fifteen to twenty, on alternate Fridays and Saturdays, from the beginning of the year onwards. The hour of meeting is 8.30 p.m. The amount of annual contribution invited from each guest is 35 francs. The Quatuor de la Trompette ' consists of MM. Marsick, Rdmy, Van Waefelghem, and Delsart, with solo singers and players. We give one of the programmes of 1882 as a specimen i- Quartet, No. 5 (A major) Beethoven. Air and Gavotte for Cello Bach.
a. Polonaise in B Chopin.
b. Gavotte in G minor Handel. Trio, No. 2, in F Schumann. 'A la hien aim6e,' op. 98 Beethoven.
PIANO, M. Raoul Pugno. VOCALIST, M. Lauwers.
But they are not always so severely classical, and extra concerts are given for the works of living composers. [G.]
TROPPO, i.e. 'top much'; a term of the same force as TANTO ; as in the finale of Beethoven's Symphony no. 4, or the first movement of his Violin Concerto 'Allegro ma non troppo' 'Allegro ; but not too much so.' Tn the second movement of Mendelssohn's Scotch Symphony the direction at the head of the movement in the printed score is ' Vivace non troppo,' which looks like a caution inserted after trying the speed named in the preface on the opening fly-leaf of the same score ' Vivace assai.' It is as if he were saying ' Quick : but mind you don't go too quick, as you will inevitably be tempted to do.' [G.]
��TROUPENAS, EUGENE, French music-pub- lisher, born in Paris, 1799, died there April u, 1850. As a child he showed decided taste for music, but his family intended him for an en- gineer, and put him to study mathematics with Wronsky, a Polish professor, who however dis- suaded him from entering the ficole Polytechnique and indoctrinated him with his own misty tran- scendentalism. The results of this early training came out when, left in easy circumstances by the death of his parents, he became a music-publisher, for to the last it was the metaphysical side of the art which interested him. He never gave his ideas in full to the world, but a couple of letters which originally came out in the ' Revue Musi- cale,' were published in pamphlet form with the title 'Essai sur la the'orie de la Musique, deduite du principe Mdtaphysique sur lequel se fonde la realite* de cette science* (1832). Troupenas took up the brothers Escudier when they came to seek their fortune in Paris, and it was with his assistance that they founded their journal 'La France Musicale.' A man of the world, a good musician, and a fascinating talker, his friendship was sought by many artists of eminence. Ros- sini, Auber, and de Beriot were sincerely attached to him, and found him always devoted to their interests. He also published HaleVy's operas, Donizetti's 'La Favorita,' and all Henri Herz's pianoforte pieces at the time of his greatest popularity ; indeed it is not too much to say that from 1825 to 1850 his stock was one of the largest and best selected of all the publishing houses in Paris. At his death it was purchased entire by MM. Brandus, and the larger part still remains in their hands. [G.C.]
TROUTBECK, the Rev. JOHN, a well-known translator of librettos into English, was born Nov. 12, 1832, at Blencowe, Cumberland, and educated at Rugby and Oxford, where he gra- duated B.A. 1856, and M.A. 1858. He took orders in 1855, and has risen through various dignities to be Precentor of Manchester 1865-9, and minor canon of Westminster 1869. He has translated the following for Novello, Ewer, & Co.'s 8vo series :
��Bach. St. John Passion; Chrlrt-
Beethoven. Mount of Olives. Brahms. Song of Destiny. David. Le Desert. Gade. Crusaders ; Comala ; Psyche Gluck. IphigenialnAulis; Iphl-
genla in Tairt-is ; Orplu'e. Goetz. Taming of the Shrew. Gounod. Bedemption.
��Graun. Der Tod Jesu. Hiller. Song of Victory. Jensen. Feast of Adonis. Mozart Seraglio. Beinecke. Little Snowdrop. Komberg. Lay of the Bell. Schumann. Advent Song;
Wagner. Flying Dutchman. Weber. Jubilee Cantata.
��besides many minor works. Mr. Troutbeck has also published 'A Music Primer for Schools/ and A Primer for Church Choir Training,' and has compiled the ' Hymnbook in use at Westminster Abbey.' [G.]
TROVATORE, IL (the Troubadour). Opera in 4 acts ; libretto by Cammarano, music by Verdi. Produced at the Teatro Apollo, Rome, Jan. 19, 1853 ; at the Theatre des Italiens, Paris, Dec. 23, 1854 ; at the Grand Opera, Paris, as ' Le Trou- vere,' Jan. 12, 1857 ; at Covent Garden, London,