��positions include Quartets for strings and for piano and strings (Purday, and Augener) ; Duo Concertante, op. 6, for piano and flute (Wessel); Sonata for piano and violin (Stanley Lucas) ; a PF. pieces, 'Greeting and Parting 1 (Cocks): in MS. 2 PF. Quintets in C minor and Eb, produced by the Society of British Musicians; also an opera, ' The Maid of Bremen,' libretto by Fitzball, written for Pyne and Harrison. He died of paralysis, Sept. 23, 1879. His daughter KATE, a pianist, has succeeded to his organ in the City. His younger brothers, EAST JOHN, and THOMAS, were also musicians ; Thomas's name is affixed to the translation of Catel's Treatise on Harmony (London, 1876). [A.C.]
WEYRAUCH, AUGUST HEINBICH VON. A composer whose name must be mentioned because he is the author of a song * Adieu,' or ' Lebe wohl,' often attributed to Schubert, and at one time very much sung. It was published by the author in 1824, under his own name, with the title of ' Nach Osten,' to words by Wetzel. Its attribution to Schubert is due to Paris, where it was published about 1840 as 'Adieu! Paroles franfaises de M. Be'langer,' etc. A transcription of it as Schubert's by Dohler (op. 45, no. 3), appeared in Germany in 1843, and lastly it was published in Schubert's name by Schlesinger of Berlin as a song with German text, in 1845. Weyrauch is not mentioned in any Dictionary, nor even in Whistling's 'Handbuch,' and the above information is taken from Nottebohm's Thematic Catalogue of Schubert, p. 254.
Whistling (1828) mentions a SOPHIE VON WEY- BAUCH as the composer of an Overture (op. 3), and two books of Dances for PF. [G.]
WHISTLING AND HOFMEISTER'S HANDBUCH. The origin of this useful work is due to C. F. Whistling, a Leipzig publisher, who in 1817 brought out the first volume, under the title ' Handbuch der musikalischen Literatur, oder allgemeines systematisch geordnetes Ver- zeichniss gedruckter Musikalien, auch musikal- ischer Schriffcen und Abbildungen mit Anzeige des Verlegers und Preises,' 8vo. This work was published anonymously by A. Meysel, and con- tains a tolerably complete list of the music published in Germany, with some additions from neighbouring countries, between the years 1 780 and 1817. In 1819 the publication was bought by the elder Hofineister (also a Leipzig pub- lisher), but in 1825 it was resold to Whistling. The 1817 volume was followed by ten yearly supplements, carrying the work down to 1827. In 1828 the second volume (or rather a new edition of that of 1817) appeared. This work, to which Whistling's name appears, is an 8vo. volume of 1158 pages; it is divided into three parts, and was followed by a supplement, con- taining a list of the works published while the book was in the press. In 1829 Whistling sold his whole business to the Hofmeisters, who thus again obtained possession of the work, and brought out two more supplements, carrying it down to 1833 and .1838 respectively. In 1844 a
third edition appeared under the following title : C. F. Whistling's Handbuch der musikalischen Literatur, oder allgemeines systematisch-geord- netes Verzeichniss der in Deutschland und in den angrenzenden Landern gedruckten Musika- lien auch musikalischen Schriften und Abbil- dungen, mit Anzeige der Verleger und Preise. Dritte, bis zum Anfang des Jahres 1844 erganzte Auflage. Bearbeitet und herausgegeben von A. Hofineister.' This edition (a 4to. volume) was published by Friedrich Hofineister. It consists of three parts with separate pagination (Part I, pp. 144; Part II, pp. 336; Part III, pp. 340) ; the third part is dated 1845, and is preceded by a list of the changes which have taken place in the various firms of music-publishers during the period covered by the volume. In 1851 a series of yearly 8vo. volumes was begun, con- taining lists of the music published during the year preceding that of each publication. This series is still continued. In 1852 another volume (382 pp.) of the 410 edition carried the collection on from January 1844 until the end of 1851. In 1860 a second volume (470 pp.) carried it down to the end of 1859, and in 1868 a third (561 pp.) down to the end of 1867. These volumes were all edited by Aclolph Hof- meister, and published by Friedrich Hofineister, but since 1876 the work has been both edited and published by the latter. The last two volumes of the 4to series which have hitherto (March, 1886) appeared, are those of 1876 (575 pp.) and 1881 (685 pp.). The titles the volumes at present bear, according to which the 1860 issue appears as ' Fiinfter Band oder Zweiter Erganzungsband,' seem a little ambiguous un- less it is remembered that the editions of 1817, 1828, 1844, and 1852 are treated as the first four volumes, though the issue of 1852 is at the same time regarded as the first supplement to its predecessors. [W.B.S.]
WHITAKER, JOHN, bora 1776, was organist of St. Clement, East Cheap, and composer of the music of many popular dramatic pieces, amongst which were 'The Outside Passenger,' i8u ; 'Orange Boven,' 1813; 'A Chip of the Old Block,' and 'My Spouse and I,' 1815; 'The Broken Sword,' 1816; 'A Friend in Need,' 1817; 'Three Miles from Paris,' 1818; *A Figure of Fun,' 1821; ' The Apprentice's Opera,' ' The Rake's Progress,' ' Sixes and ^Sevens,' etc. He joined Reeve in composing music for ' Who's to have her,' and contributed some songs to 'Guy Mannering* (1816), amongst them the popular ' Oh, slumber, my darling.' He also composed the music for several pantomimes, in one of which (produced at Sadler's Wells on Easter Monday, April 12, 1819) occurred the famous Clown's song, ' Hot Codlins,' written for Grimaldi. His comic songs ('Darby Kelly,' 'Paddy Carey,' and others) were highly popular. He composed some anthems, music for English versions of the Odes of Anacreon and ^Esop's Fables, The Seraph Collections of Sacred Music, 2 vols., and 12 Pedal Exercises for the Oriran. He died Dec. 4, 1847. [W.H.H.]