Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 4.djvu/822

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.


u.

��UN ANNO ED UN GIORNO. Add that it was produced at the Lyceum Theatre in 1836, shortly after its production at Naples.

~UNGER, CAROLINE. Add that the name is also spelt UNGHER.

UNITED STATES. For additional matter, see BOSTON, FOSTER, NEGRO Music, etc., in Ap- pendix.

UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETIES. To

��the list of important w bridge Society add the fc

Bach, J. 8. St. Matthew Passion; Kin' feste Burg. Bridge. J. F. ' Rock of Ages.' Cowen, F. H. Symphony In F. Joachim, J. Hungarian Concerto. Macfarren. Violin Concerto. Mackenzie, A. 0. Violin Concerto. Parry. O.H.H. Trio In B minor ; PF. Quartet In Ab ; String Quintet In Eb; Symphony

�>rks given by the Cam- llowing :

InF. Schubert. Symphonies, Nos. 8 and 9; ' Song of Miriam.' Schumann. ' Advent Hymn.' Stanford, C. V. Elegiac Ode, op. 21; PF. Quartet in F; PF. Quintet In D minor; 'The Revenge.' Thomas. A. Goring. Suite de Ballet.

��The asterisks indicate first performance in Eng- land.

��Cng- [M.]

��V.

��T TAISSEAU FANT6ME. P. 2130, note I, V add date of death of P. L. P. DIETSOH, Feb. 20, 1865.

VALENTINO. Add that he came to London in 1839, and gave concerts at the Crown and Anchor Tavern. [See voL iii. p. 40 &.]

VALLERIA. Add that she remained with the Carl Rosa company until 1886 inclusive, and created the principal parts on the production of ' Nadeschda ' and ' The Troubadour.'

VALLOTTI, P. FRANOESOANTONIO, was a native of Piedmont, where he must have been born about the year 1700, since Dr. Burney, who saw him in 1770, says that he was then 'near seventy years of age.' x He had long before this time attained a high reputation as the best Organist, and one of the best Church Composers, in Italy. To his skill on the Organ he owed the appointment of Maestro di Cappella, at the Church of S. Antony, at Padua, which he held with honour until his death. His Compositions for the Church are very numerous. In 1770 he composed a Requiem for the funeral of Tartini ; but his magnum opus was a theoretical work, entitled ' Delia Scienza teorica, e pratica, della moderna musica.' The original plan of this treatise embraced four volumes : Vol. I., treating of the scientific or mathematical basis of Music ; Vol. II., of the ' practical elements ' of Music, including the Scale, Temperament, the Cadences, and the Modes, both ecclesiastical and modern ; Vol. III., of Counterpoint ; and Vol. IV., of the method of accompanying aThorough-Bass. Vol. I. only was published, at Padua, in 1779; and its contents are valuable enough to make the loss of the remaining portions of the work a subject* of deep regret. In this volume, the mathema- tical proportions of the consonant and dissonant Intervals are described with a clearness for which we seek in vain in most of the older treatises on the same subject not excepting

i ' Present State of Music In France and Italy.' By Charles Burner,

Mus. D., pp. 130-132. (London 177U

��that of Tartini himself. To the contents of some of these treatises, and the views set forth in them, allusion is frequently made, during the course of the work. Chapter XXXII. contains a lucid refutation of the theory of the Minor Seventh propounded by Rameau, whom Val- lotti characterizes as 'otherwise, a respect- able and meritorious writer ' ; and, at the close of the introductory section, which consists of a series of definitions, given in the form of a Musical Dictionary, the reader is referred for farther information to the Dictionary of Rous- seau, which he is told would be still more valuable than it is were it not adapted to Rameau's defective system. But the chief interest of the treatise lies in the fact that it belongs to a period at which the study of the Ecclesiastical Modes was combined with that of the modern scale, for the obvious reason that the more modern Tonality was not, and could not possibly be, antagonistic to the older one, since it was based, not upon the abolition of the Modes, but upon the employment of the Ionian and ^Eolian forms to the exclusion of all the others. We have shown elsewhere that the last great teacher who advocated this system of instruction was Haydn; and that Beethoven was the last great pupil to whom Haydn appears to have imparted it. It would be an interesting study to trace the influence of the system upon the work of these two great composers. The task, we believe, has never been attempted ; but it is admitted, upon all hands, that the art of developing the resources of a given Key, within its natural limits, is a far higher and more difficult one than that of restlessly modulating from one Key to another and this is the most prominent characteristic of the method in question. Vallotti's 'Treatise on Modulation,' which Dr. Burney saw in MS. 8 might perhaps have thrown some light upon the subject ; but this unhappily has never been published.

I Present StaU of Music in France and Italy, p. ISL

�� �