Page:A Study of Mexico.djvu/20

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CONTENTS.
PAGE

CHAPTER IV.

The French invasion of Mexico—Benito Jaarez—Maximilian and his empire—Relation of the Church to the French invasion and the empire—Nationalization of the Mexican Church—Confiscation of its property—Momentous character and influence of this measure—Evidences of the perpetuation of the Aztec religion by the Mexican Indians—Foreign (Protestant) missions in Mexico

75

CHAPTER V.

Divisions of the population of Mexico—The national language and its commercial drawbacks—Extreme ignorance and poverty of the masses—Tortillas and frijoles—Responsibility of the Church for the existing condition of the people—Educational efforts and awakening in Mexico—Government schools, secular and military — Government and social forces of Mexico—What constitutes public opinion in Mexico?—Character of the present Executive—Newspaper press of Mexico

92

CHAPTER VI.

Occupations of the people of Mexico—Drawbacks to the pursuits of agriculture—Land-titles in Mexico—Mining laws—Scant agricultural resources of Northern Mexico—Origin and original home of the "cow-boy"—Resources of the Tierras Calientes—Agriculture on the plateau of Mexico—Deficiency of roads and methods of transportation—Comparative agricultural production of the United States and Mexico

115

CHAPTER VII.

Manufacturing in Mexico—Restricted use of labor-saving machinery—Scarcity of fuel and water—Extent of Mexican handicrafts—Number of factories using power— Manufacture of pottery and leather—Restriction of employments for women—The pauper-labor argument as applied to Mexico—Rates of wages—Fallacy of abstract statements in respect to wages—Scarcity of labor in Mexico—Retail prices of commodities—The point of lowest wages in the United States—Analysis