Page:A dictionary of the Sunda language of Java.djvu/363

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342
A DICTIONARY SUNDANESE


sorts of rebels to constituted authority generally have, or pretend to be provided with a Pancha-lima, with which they dupe their followers. Pancha is Sanscrit for five, C, 347 and Lima is also five in Malay, Sunda, and many other Polynesian tongues and the compound word seems therefore to be tautology, of which the uninitiated are not conscious. As Pancha, however, is indisputably Sanscrit for Five, we might fairly expect that the other part of the expression would have its origin in the same language and as Lima does not occur in Clough in any admissable shape, it may perhaps be a contraction of some more extended word. The nearest approach which presents itself is Gaelima C, 186, sinking,- in the composition contracted to simply Lima and the „five sinkings“ may have indicated some method of drawing or selecting lots.

Panchar, a bundle of reeds or split bambus used for a flambeau.

Pancha-téng'ah, in the midst, middle, mid.

Pancha-Warna, party-coloured. Pancha, C 347 five, Warna, C 625 colour, to paint. Pancha-Warna, C, 349, the five colours which are reflected by the body of Buddha, viz blue, gold-colour, red, white and black.

Pancha-Wati, the place for keeping a concubine; a concubine's dwelling, apart from the husband's abode with his legal wife. Wati, C, 618 a woman of property, a female possessing great wealth.

Panchĕr, the tap root of a tree. Applied to a man who is the lineal descendant of some family, or chief person as if he was the tap root of his stock. (Jav. The principal root of a tree, the ancestor; descent in a straight line.)

Panchĕran, having a tap root Firmly rooted.

Panchi, taken out. Picked out and removed. Driven out, as a bolt by driving another bolt against its smaller end. To separate from something else. (Jav. Panchi means measured, determined).

Panching, name of a kind of wild Plantain, Heliconia Buccinata, Heliconia Indica.

Panchir a wedge. A wedge or peg driven into wood work.

Pancho, a method of taking fish, by setting a circle of stones, which have an opening to be closed by a bit of net when the fish enter. Similar to Kombongan, only done more easily and in a hurry.

Panchuran, a spout, a channel, a gutter, a bit of bambu, set for the purpose of leading water, when fixed and immoveable. A spout to bathe at; set in the ground so as to lead water from any reservoir or spring. The etymology of Panchuran, is the strictly Sunda word Chur indicative of pouring out, with Pan and an, the usual pre and suffixes. See Talang. {Panchuran Jav. the falling stream; Batav. Talang, or Mal. Abangan, is the spout, commonly made of Bambu, wherethrough the falling water flows).

Pandahan, name of a place and sugar—mill in Pasuruan, at the base of the Gunung Arjuno. Dahan and Dahana C. 263 fire, a name of Agni, the god of fire; burning, combustion. Pandahan, the place of combustion. Can this place in old Hindu times have been a place where the dead were burnt?