Page:A dictionary of the Sunda language of Java.djvu/364

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343
AND ENGLISH.

Pandak, short, lowly. A modification, or sort of diminutive of Pondok, short. (Mal. Pendek, idem. Jav. Péndék (Symbol missingJavanese characters) low, under, beneath).

Pandakawan, and Panakawan, an attendant, a follower; as with natives, generally a young man as an attendant on a chief. Compounded of Pandak, short, lowly, and Kawan, an attendant.

Pandan, the screwpine, name of a genus of plants. Pandanus odoratissimus. The young leaves, especially those about the flower, being shred fine and mixed with flowers, are worn in the hair by young natives when they are busy courting.

Pandan Pudak, Pandanus Moschatus, a sweet scented variety.

Pandan Rampé, Pandanus latifolius, flower shred fine and mixed with the hair. A Sancrit Etymology may be given for the word Pandan. Pan, C, 359, a leaf, leaves. Daha, C. 263, a bud, a young sprout. Pan-däha-an, Pandan, the tree or object which bears the „leafy sprouts” or „branches”, in allusion to the way in which the Pandanus grows, being one main upright stem, surrounded by long broad leaves without any tree branches. See Dahan.

Pandapa, an open hall in front of a house. An audience hall. (By mistake made from Scr. Mandapa, a temporary building, an open shed or hall, erected on festival occasions as at a marriage. The Javanese mistook mandapa for a verbal form, and made accordingly the substantive Pandapa. But there is yet in the district of Jasinga a mountain called Mandapa according to his form.)

Pandawa, the sons of Pandu in the Mahabarat.

Pandé, learned, erudite. Skilled. A blacksmith. From this we see that, at early periods of Javanese history, blacksmiths were considered learned men, and the traditions of the country countenance this idea, the art of the blacksmith being held in great repute, and designated by a sanscrit word. Before their intercourse with the Hindus, the Javanese used stone hatchets which are still occasionally found, aud when the use of iron became known, its workers were looked upon as “learned men”. Pandi, C. 353, learned, erudite, well-informed in theological study, the same as Pandita. In the Singhalese, or at least in their literature, a blacksmith and teacher or preceptor are designated by words nearly alike, aud evidently of a common origin. Clough Page 61 gives — āchāriyā, a blacksmith; āchāyarya, a teacher, a preceptor. So that even on Ceylon and consequently also in India proper, the profession of blacksmith and preceptor were looked upon as one. The Javanese and Balians confound Himpu in the same way, which designates both a blacksmith and a learned man. (Cf. Scr. Pandâ knowledge, wisdom. A form Pandin or Pandya, which might have been altered into Pandé, does not exist. Pandita is known enough. Himpu read Hěmpu or Mpu. Fr.)

Pandéglan, name of a place in Bantam on the Gunung Karang with a fine view-see Négla.

Pandĕurĕusan, a place where fish spawn, from nĕurĕus- which see.

Pandĕuri, behindhand. Later in time or place.

Pandita, a Pundit; a man learned in Buddhistical or Brahminical lore. The word is