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Rows; Ṭur signifies a row. Thus the stones of the High-Priest's breastplate were arranged in four rows (arba ṭurim). The four parts of the Ṭurim bear the same designations as do the four parts of the Shulḥan Aruch which was based upon the work of Jacob Asheri.
VITRY. This is the name of a place in the Marne Department, France. Simḥah son of Samuel of Vitry compiled, under the direction of his teacher Rashi, the Rabbinic and liturgical work known as Maḥzor Vitry. Though the work which has come down to us contains additions up to the thirteenth century, it is of first-rate importance for the history of the liturgy. The Maḥzor Vitry was edited by S. Hurwitz for the Mekiṣe Nirdamim Society (Berlin, 1889-1893).
YEMENITES. Yemen is the district S.W. of Arabia. The liturgy of the Yemenites has been published (Jerusalem, 1894-1897), and presents many important features. It bears resemblances to the liturgy of Saadiah.ZUNZ. Leopold Zunz (1794-1886) was the pioneer in liturgical as in many other branches of Hebraic research. His works are often cited in these Notes.