Page:CRS Report 98-611.djvu/15

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CRS-15


Regulations

CFR Title 3 compilations for the 1938-1943 and 1943-1948 periods contain the texts of nine administrative documents denominated as regulations.[1] The first of these was issued on September 6, 1939, and the last on September 19, 1945. Eight of them bear the signature of President Roosevelt; another one, signed by three commissioners of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, indicates it was approved by President Truman. With the exception of one brief extension item and another relying upon an executive order, all of these documents cite explicit statutory authority for their issuance. The Roosevelt items largely pertained to the allocation of defense materials to nations of Western Europe engaged in war with Germany. The regulations approved by Truman concerned within-grade salary advancements for federal employees. While earlier examples of Presidents issuing regulations can be found, no directives of this designation have appeared in subsequent CFR Title 3 compilations.[2] Current regulations governing the preparation, presentation, filing, and publication of executive orders and proclamations are prescribed in an executive order, E.O. 11030, as amended. Agency regulations appear in other titles of the CFR.

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Presidential directives published in the Federal Register are reproduced in CFR Title 3 compilations. Single volume compilations have been published for the 1936-1938, 1938-1943, 1943-1948, 1949-1953, 1954-1958, 1959-1963, 1964-1965, 1966-1970, and 1971-1975 periods. Annual CFR Title 3 volumes have been published for the subsequent years. Current full text versions of many primary proclamations and executive orders, as amended, may be found in the periodically produced Codification of Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders prepared by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration.

More recent executive orders, proclamations, and presidential directives, dating from 1994, may be found at the Office of Federal Register website at [http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/presidential_documents/website_guide.html]. The first 8,030 executive orders (1862-1938) are very briefly profiled in one volume and indexed in a companion volume of Presidential Executive Orders, prepared by the Historical Records Survey, New York City, under the editorship of Clifford L. Lord, and published by Archives Publishing Company of New York in 1944.

Some unclassified presidential national security directives may be found at the Federation of American Scientists website at [http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/direct.htm]. For a published compilation, see Christopher Simpson, ed., National Security Directives the Reagan & Bush Administrations (Boulder, CO: Westview,


  1. See 3 C.F.R., 1938-1943 Comp., pp. 1309-1319; Ibid., 1943-1948 Comp., pp. 1076-1077.
  2. James D. Richardson's A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, for example, contains executive orders of June 10, 1921 (Alaskan railroad townsites), September 21, 1921 (budget preparation and submission), and April 4, 1924 (commercial research of government officials in foreign lands), setting regulations, as well as an undenominated instrument of November 8, 1921 (budget preparation and submission).