at Brighton on 22 March 1896. In accordance with his known wishes his funeral was strictly private, and he was buried in the Brighton cemetery. Besides his wife he left six surviving children, three sons and three daughters. Two died in childhood, and a son, who was a soldier, died some years before his father after military experience in South Africa. A fine statue of Tom Hughes by Brock has been erected in the school grounds at Rugby.
There are two original portraits, both by Lowes Dickinson one painted when he was a little over forty years of age, in the possession of his daughter, Mrs. Cornish; the other when he was seventy, in the possession of Mrs. Hughes. An addition that is about to be made to the buildings of the Working Men's College is to be a memorial of his principalship and to bear his name.
In addition to the books which have been mentioned—‘Tom Brown's School Days,’ ‘Tom Brown at Oxford,’ ‘The Scouring of the White Horse,’ ‘The Memoir of a Brother,’ ‘The Manliness of Christ’—Hughes wrote Lives of Bishop Fraser (1887), of Daniel Macmillan (1882), of Livingstone (1889), and of Alfred the Great (1869), ‘The Old Church’ (1878), ‘Rugby, Tennessee’ (1881), ‘Gone to Texas’ (1884). Many of his addresses and shorter compositions were printed in pamphlet form. A series of his letters to the ‘Spectator’ were published in his lifetime by his daughter, Mrs. Cornish, under the title of ‘Vacation Rambles’ (1895). A short fragment of autobiography, which has been privately printed, contains some memories of his early youth and manhood.
[Personal knowledge and information given by friends ; Hughes's Memoir of a Brother ; an article by J. M. Ludlow, ‘Thomas Hughes and Septimus Hansard,’ in the Economic Review, July 1896 ; Life of F. D. Maurice; Brit. Mus. Cat. ; Off. Ret. Members of Parl. ; Lincoln's Inn Records; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1715-1886, and Men at the Bar; Men of the Time, 13th ed.]
HUISH, ROBERT (1777-1850), miscellaneous writer, son of Mark Huish of Nottingham, was born there in 1777. He appears to have begun his literary career by writing a readable little treatise on bee-culture, which was afterwards expanded and issued in various forms. This was the one subject on which he may perhaps be termed an expert. His other works are nearly all poor examples of anecdotal, quasi-historical bookmaking. They occasionally embellish a blank space in biography with a great quantity of loose and fragmentary gossip, but the ‘Quarterly Review’ spoke of him with no great injustice as an obscure and unscrupulous scribbler. His fecundity was remarkable, as witnessed by his voluminous compilations during 1835-6. He executed a few translations from the German, and in his later years some novels of a very low type. He died in Camberwell in April 1850.
His works comprise : 1. ‘A Treatise on the Nature, Economy, and Practical Management of Bees,’ London, 1815, 8vo. 2. ‘Memoirs of her late Royal Highness Princess Charlotte Augusta,’ 1818, 8vo, with a separately issued supplement, 1818. 3. ‘The Public and Private Life of George III,’ 1821, 4to. 4. ‘An Authentic History of the Coronation of George IV,’ 1821. 5. ‘Memoirs of Caroline, Queen of Great Britain,’ 1821, 2 vols. 12mo. 6. ‘Authentic Memoir of ... Frederick, Duke of York and Albany,’ 1827, 8vo. 7. ‘Memoirs of George IV,’ London, 1830, 2 vols. 8. ‘The Historical Galleries of Celebrated Men’ (authentic portraits), 1830 ; only one volume published. 9. ‘The Wonders of the Animal Kingdom,’ London, 1830. 10. ‘The Last Voyage of Captain Sir John Ross ... to the Arctic Regions in 1829-33,’ London, 1835. 11. ‘The Travels of Richard and John Lander . . . into the interior of Africa,’ 1835 (with a résumé of previous African travel). 12. ‘A Narrative of the Voyages of ... Captain Beechey to the Pacific and Behring's Straits,’ London, 1836. 13. ‘The History of the Private and Political Life of Henry Hunt, Esq., his Times and Co-temporaries,’ 1836. 14. ‘Memoirs of William Cobbett, Esq.,’ 1836, 2 vols. 15. ‘The Memoirs, Private and Political, of Daniel O'Connell,’ 1836. 16. ‘The History of the Life and Reign of William IV, the Reform Monarch of England,’ 1837. 17. ‘The Natural History and General Management of Bees,’ 1844. 18. ‘The Progress of Crime ; or, Authentic Memoirs of Marie Manning,’ 1849, 8vo. Nearly all his books exhibit violent anti-Tory prejudices.
[Gent. Mag. 1850, i. 681; Quarterly Review, liv. 5; Athenæum, 1842, p. 583; Brit. Mus. Cat.]
HULKE, JOHN WHITAKER (1830-1895), surgeon, born on 6 Nov. 1830, was fourth son of William Hulke, surgeon, living at Deal in Kent. He was from 1843 to 1845 educated at the Moravian College, Neuwied. Here he gained his intimate knowledge of the German language and the groundwork of his acquaintance with natural history; here, too, in the Eifel district, his interest