Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 22.djvu/295

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.


are: 1. ‘Lettre à un gentilhomme du Bas-Poitou, touchant la véritable croyance de l'Église catholique, contre les dogmes qui lui sont faussement imputés dans les écrits des ministres,’ 1705, 12mo. This work reached a fourth edition in 1720. 2. ‘Traité du Sacrifice de la Messe, avec l'explication des cérémonies qui s'y servent et la manière d'y assister dévotement, selon l'esprit de la primitive Église; adressés à une dame de qualité nouvellement convertie,’ Paris, 1724, 12mo. 3. ‘Entretiens où l'on explique la doctrine de l'Église catholique par l'Écriture Sainte,’ Paris, 1727, 12mo. 4. ‘Recueil de differentes objections que font les protestants contre les catholiques, … et des reponses des catholiques …,’ Paris, 1735, 12mo. 5. ‘Abrégé des psaumes de David, sur la conduite qu'un chrétien doit tenir dans le cours de sa vie.’

[Dreux du Radier's Bibl. Historique et Critique du Poitou, iv. 440–55; Quérard's La France Littéraire, iii. 426; Estcourt's Question of the Anglican Ordinations discussed, p. 159.]

T. C.

GOULDMAN, FRANCIS (d. 1688?), lexicographer, was probably the son of George Gouldman, D.D. (d. 1633–4), archdeacon of Essex, and vicar of Stepney, Middlesex, by his wife Jane, though no children are mentioned in Dr. Gouldman's will, dated 4 July 1627 (P. C. C. 1, Seager). He matriculated as a pensioner of Christ's College, Cambridge, on 3 July 1623, and proceeded B.A. in 1626–7 and M.A. in 1630. On 26 March 1634 he succeeded George Gouldman in the rectory of South Ockendon, Essex (Newcourt, Repertorium, ii. 449), from which he was sequestered in 1644. The committee, however, allowed a fifth to Abigail, his wife, in support of her five children (Notes and Queries, 2nd ser. iii. 86). At the Restoration he regained possession of his living. He died and was buried in Lancashire (South Ockendon Register), presumably at the close of 1688, but no date is given. His successor in the rectory, Offspring Blackall [q. v.], was appointed on 24 Jan. 1688–9. His will (P. C. C. 70, Dyke) was proved on 12 May 1690 by his daughter Jane Frost, widow. With Anthony Scattergood, Gouldman assisted Bishop Pearson in editing ‘Critici Sacri,’ 9 vols. fol., London, 1660; and compiled, chiefly from the labours of Thomasius, Rider, Holland, and Holyoak, ‘A copious Dictionary in three parts: (I) The English before the Latin. … (II) The Latin before the English. … (III) The Proper Names of persons, places, &c. Together with Amendments and Enlargements,’ &c., 4to, London, 1664; 2nd edit., 4to, Cambridge, 1669; 3rd edit., ‘the … Hebrew Roots and Derivatives … inserted by W. Robertson,’ 4to, Cambridge, London, 1674–73; another edition, still further enlarged by Anthony Scattergood, 1678. Adam Littleton, while commending Gouldman's learning and worth, hints that his design was rather to make new editions than to correct the mistakes of former lexicographers, or to throw out the many barbarous Latin words in the old dictionaries (Latin Preface to Linguæ Latinæ Liber Dictionarius Quadripartitus, 1678; Nichols, Lit. Anecd. v. 208). Dr. John Worthington praises Gouldman for his pains in editing Prebendary John Bois's [q. v.] ‘Veteris interpretis cum Beza aliisque recentioribus collatio in quatuor Evangeliis et Apostolorum Actis,’ 8vo, London, 1655 (Worthington, Miscellanies, ed. 1704, p. 308; Diary, Chetham Soc., vol. ii. pt. i. pp. 96–7).

[Palin's More about Stifford, pp. 112–13; Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy (1714), pt. ii. p. 251; Preface to Stephens's Thesaurus (fol. London, 1734–5), p. *20; Addit. (Cole) MS. 5870, f. 52. Wood (Fasti Oxon. ed. Bliss, i. 439) is wrong in asserting that Dr. George Gouldman was buried at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire; he was buried, as he desired, in the church of South Ockendon on 6 Jan. 1633–4, according to the register.]

G. G.

GOULSTON or GULSTON, THEODORE, M.D. (1572–1632), physician, son of William Goulston, rector of Wymondham, Leicestershire, was born in 1572. He entered at Merton College, Oxford, was elected a fellow in 1596, and graduated M.A. 8 July 1600, and M.D. 30 April 1610. He had before practised at Wymondham, and after taking his final degree settled as a physician in the parish of St. Martin-extra-Ludgate in London, and was admitted a fellow of the College of Physicians 29 Dec. 1611. He was elected censor in 1615, 1616, 1625, and 1626. In 1619 he published in London 'Versio Latina et Paraphrasis in Aristotelis Rhetoricam,' with a dedication to Prince Charles in Latin prose, and his notes and Latin version were reprinted in the edition of the Greek text published at Cambridge in 1696. In 1623 he published 'Aristotelis de Poetica liber Latine conversus et analytica methodo illustratus,' with a dedication in Latin verse to Prince Charles. He also wrote 'Versio, variae lectiones, et annotationes criticae in opuscula varia Galeni,' which was published in 1640, with a preface by his friend Thomas Gataker [q. v.] He had in his own time a well-earned reputation for general learning and a considerable practice as a physician. He died at his house in St. Martin's on Ludgate Hill 4 May 1632, and by his will, dated 26 April 1632, left 200l. to the College of Physicians of London