Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 29.djvu/338

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Jenye
Jenyns
332


burgh in 1665 a poem entitled 'Maister Randolphes Phantasey,' describing Moray's revolt and other events in Scotland during the latter half of that year. The poem caused annoyance to Queen Mary Stuart, who accused Randolph of its authorship, a charge which he strenuously repelled. Soon afterwards Jenye was in the service of Sir Henry Norris, ambassador at the court of France. Writing to Cecil 13 July 1567, Jenye described the attempt be was making at Dieppe to secure the passage to England of the Earl of Moray, who was escaping from France. In 1568 he was probably at Antwerp, where he published a translation of a work by Peter Ronsard on 'The Present Troobles in Fraunce and the Miseries of this Tyme,' which he inscribed to Sir Henry Norris. He was back in England in 1669, and took an active part with the Earls of Northumberland and Westmorland in the northern rebellion in that year. The famous Darlin^on proclamation was penned by him at the instance of the Earl of Westmorlond. For his share in this business Jenye was attainted and fled to the continent. In June 1670 we find him in Brussels corresponding with Maitland of Lethington, Lord Seaton, the Countess of Northumberland, and others favourable to the interests of Alary. He now entered the Spanish secret service in company with many fellow-rebels, and till 1674 was in the receipt of a Spanish pension. He was afterwards in Milan. In 1576 he was in Flanders with the Earl of Westmorland, Egremont Katcliffe, and others, who had entered the service of Don John of Austria. Ratcliffe was executed at Nomur in 1578 for complicity in a conspiracy against the life of Don John, then governor of Flanders. Jenye seems to have led a life of plot and intrigue in the Low Countries till 1583, and to have been concerned in the conspiracy for which Francis Throckmorton suffered in 1584. After this he disappears Erom the scene. His death cannot be traced.

Both 'Maister Randolphes Phantasey' and Ronsard's 'Discours' are in verse, which is of no literary value. The moralising with which the opening and closing lines of the 'Phantasey' deal is largely and somewhat skilfully constructed out of passages filched from Tottel's 'Miscellany.' The chief part of the'Phantasey' describes Moray's revolt from the point of view of an eye-witness, and is of exceptional interest for the student of Scottish history. It was printed for the first time irom the manuscript in the State Paper Office, Scottish series, vol. ii. No. l08, in pt. i. of 'Satirical Poems in the Time of the Reformation,' published by the Scottish Text Society, 1890.

[Sharp's Northern Rebellion, London. letter of Wright's Queen Elizabeth and her Times. 1838; Strype's Annals; State Papers, Scot. Eliz. vols. xii. andiviii.; Levin's Coleodar of State Papers; Green's Calendar of State Papers; Calderwood's History of the Kirk of Scotland (Wodrow Son ed.), vol. iv. : Satirical Poems of the Times of the Reformation, vol. i. (Scotish Text Society), 1891.]

J. C-n.

JENYNGES, EDWARD (fl. 1574), poet, was author of ‘The Notable Hystory of two faithfull Louers named Alfagus and Archelaus. Whearein is declared the true fygure of Amytie and Freyndship. Much pleasaunte and delectable to the Reader. Translated into English meeter by Edwarde Ienynges. With a Preface or Definytion of Freyndshyppe to the same. Imprinted … by Thomas Colwell,’ 1574, 4to, pp. 184, bl. letter. The poem was licensed to Colwell in 1565. It is founded on the story of Orestes and Pylades. The preface on friendship consists of twenty-two seven-line stanzas; the poem itself is in a ballad metre of eight-line stanzas. Probably Jenynges was also author of ‘A Briefe Discovery of the Damages that happen to this Realme by disordered and unlawfull diet. The Benefites and Commodities that otherwise might ensue. With a persuasion of the people for a better maintenance to the Navie. Briefly compiled by Edward Jeninges,’ 1593, 4to. This is dedicated to Charles Howard, afterwards earl of Nottingham, lord high admiral, and contains three seven-line stanzas ‘to the Reader.’ There is a paper by Jenynges in the Lansdowne MS. No. 101, ‘On the Utility to the Realm by observing days for Eating Fish only.’ It is addressed to Lord Burghley.

[T. Corser's Collectanea Anglo-Poetica, viii. 303; Arber's Stationers' Registers, i. 297; Ritson's Bibl. Poet. p. 257; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

R. B.

JENYNS, SOAME (1704–1787), miscellaneous writer, son of Sir Roger Jenyns, kt., of Bottisham Hall, near Cambridge, was born in London on 1 Jan. 1704. His mother was a daughter of Sir Peter Soame, bart., of Haydon, Essex. In 1722 he was entered at St. John's College, Cambridge, as a fellow-commoner, and he left the university without a degree in 1725. His first publication was ‘The Art of Dancing: a Poem,’ issued anonymously in 1727, with a dedication to Lady Fanny Fielding. It was followed in 1735 by ‘An Epistle to Lord Lovelace’ (verse); and in 1752 appeared a collection of Jenyns's ‘Poems,’ chiefly reprinted from ‘Dodsley's Miscellany.’ At the general election in 1742 he was chosen one of the members for the