Page:Sanskrit Grammar by Whitney p1.djvu/279

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a. In a few of the verbs of the class, the nasal extends also into other tense-systems: they are añj, bhañj, hiṅs: see below, 694.

1. Present Indicative.

684. Examples of inflection: a. the root युज् yuj join: strong stem-form, युनज् yunáj; weak, युञ्ज् yuñj.

For the rules of combination of final j, see 219.

active. middle.
s. d. p. s. d. p.
1 युनज्मि
yunájmi
युञ्ज्वस्
yuñjvás
युञ्ज्मस्
yuñjmás
युञ्जे
yuñjé
युञ्ज्वहे
yuñjváhe
युञ्ज्महे
yuñjmáhe
2 युनक्षि
yunákṣi
युङ्क्थस्
yun̄kthás
युङ्क्थ
yun̄kthá
युङ्क्षे
yun̄kṣé
युञ्जाथे
yuñjā́the
युङ्ग्ध्वे
yun̄gdhvé
3 युनक्ति
yunákti
युङ्क्तस्
yun̄ktás
युञ्जन्ति
yuñjánti
युङ्क्ते
yun̄kté
युञ्जाते
yuñjā́te
युञ्जते
yuñjáte

b. the root रुध् rudh obstruct; bases रुणध् ruṇadh and रुन्ध् rundh.

For rules of combination of final dh, see 153, 160.

1 रुणध्मि
ruṇádhmi
रुन्ध्वस्
rundhvás
रुन्ध्मस्
rundhmás
रुन्धे
rundhé
रुन्ध्वहे
rundhváhe
रुन्ध्महे
rundhmáhe
2 रुणत्सि
ruṇátsi
रुन्द्धस्
runddhás
रुन्द्ध
runddhá
रुन्त्से
runtsé
रुन्धाथे
rundhā́the
रुन्द्ध्वे
runddhvé
3 रुणद्धि
ruṇáddhi
रुन्द्धस्
runddhás
रुन्धन्ति
rundhánti
रुन्द्धे
runddhé
रुन्धाते
rundhā́te
रुन्धते
rundháte

c. Instead of yun̄kthas, yun̄gdhve, and the like (here and in the impv. and impf.), it is allowed and more usual (231) to write yun̄thas, yun̄dhve, etc.; and, in like manner, rundhas, rundhe, for runddhas, runddhe; and so in other like cases.

685. Vedic irregularities of inflection are: 1. the ordinary use of a 3d sing. mid. like the 1st sing., as vṛñje; 2. the accent on of 3d pl. mid. in añjaté, indhaté, bhuñjaté.

a. Yunañkṣi, in BhP., is doubtless a false reading.

2. Present Subjunctive.

686. The stem is made, as usual, by adding a to the strong present-stem: thus, yunája, ruṇádha. Below are given as if made