USA PATRIOT Act

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    The Act was passed after the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks. It expanded the authority of U.S. law enforcement for the stated purpose of fighting terrorist acts in the United States and abroad. This expanded legal authority is also used to detect and prosecute other alleged potential crimes. Excerpted from USA PATRIOT Act on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
    Note:
    This is the original legislation as it was initially enacted. Any subsequent amendments hosted on WS may be listed using  What Links Here.
    107TH UNITED STATES CONGRESS
    1ST SESSION


    An Act
    To deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools,
    and for other purposes.


    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

    SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.[edit]

    (a) SHORT TITLE.—
    This Act may be cited as the ``Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001´´.
    (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—
    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
    Sec. 1. Short Title and Table of Contents.
    Sec. 2. Construction; Severability.
    TITLE I—ENHANCING DOMESTIC SECURITY AGAINST TERRORISM
    Sec. 101. Counterterrorism fund.
    Sec. 102. Sense of Congress condemning discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans.
    Sec. 103. Increased funding for the Technical Support Center at the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
    Sec. 104. Requests for military assistance to enforce prohibition in certain emergencies.
    Sec. 105. Expansion of National Electronic Crime Task Force Initiative.
    Sec. 106. Presidential authority.
    TITLE II—ENHANCED SURVEILLANCE PROCEDURES
    Sec. 201. Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to terrorism.
    Sec. 202. Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to computer fraud and abuse offenses.
    Sec. 203. Authority to share criminal investigative information.
    Sec. 204. Clarification of intelligence exceptions from limitations on interception and disclosure of wire, oral, and electronic communications.
    Sec. 205. Employment of translators by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
    Sec. 206. Roving surveillance authority under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
    Sec. 207. Duration of FISA surveillance of non-United States persons who are agents of a foreign power.
    Sec. 208. Designation of judges.
    Sec. 209. Seizure of voice-mail messages pursuant to warrants.
    Sec. 210. Scope of subpoenas for records of electronic communications.
    Sec. 211. Clarification of scope.
    Sec. 212. Emergency disclosure of electronic communications to protect life and limb.
    Sec. 213. Authority for delaying notice of the execution of a warrant.
    Sec. 214. Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA.
    Sec. 215. Access to records and other items under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
    Sec. 216. Modification of authorities relating to use of pen registers and trap and trace devices.
    Sec. 217. Interception of computer trespasser communications.
    Sec. 218. Foreign intelligence information.
    Sec. 219. Single-jurisdiction search warrants for terrorism.
    Sec. 220. Nationwide service of search warrants for electronic evidence.
    Sec. 221. Trade sanctions.
    Sec. 222. Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
    Sec. 223. Civil liability for certain unauthorized disclosures.
    Sec. 224. Sunset.
    Sec. 225. Immunity for compliance with FISA wiretap.
    TITLE III—INTERNATIONAL MONEY LAUNDERING ABATEMENT AND ANTI-TERRORIST FINANCING ACT OF 2001
    Sec. 301. Short title.
    Sec. 302. Findings and purposes.
    Sec. 303. 4-year Congressional review; Expedited consideration.
    Subtitle A—International Counter Money Laundering and Related Measures
    Sec. 311. Special measures for jurisdictions, financial institutions, or international transactions of primary money laundering concern.
    Sec. 312. Special due diligence for correspondent accounts and private banking accounts.
    Sec. 313. Prohibition on United States correspondent accounts with foreign shell banks.
    Sec. 314. Cooperative efforts to deter money laundering.
    Sec. 315. Inclusion of foreign corruption offenses as money laundering crimes.
    Sec. 316. Anti-terrorist forfeiture protection.
    Sec. 317. Long-arm jurisdiction over foreign money launderers.
    Sec. 318. Laundering money through a foreign bank.
    Sec. 319. Forfeiture of funds in United States interbank accounts.
    Sec. 320. Proceeds of foreign crimes.
    Sec. 321. Financial institutions specified in Subchapter II of Chapter 53 of Title 31, United States Code.
    Sec. 322. Corporation represented by a fugitive.
    Sec. 323. Enforcement of foreign judgments.
    Sec. 324. Report and recommendation.
    Sec. 325. Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
    Sec. 326. Verification of identification.
    Sec. 327. Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
    Sec. 328. International cooperation on identification of originators of wire transfers.
    Sec. 329. Criminal penalties.
    Sec. 330. International cooperation in investigations of money laundering, financial crimes, and the finances of terrorist groups.
    Subtitle B—Bank Secrecy Act Amendments and Related Improvements
    Sec. 351. Amendments relating to reporting of suspicious activities.
    Sec. 352. Anti-money laundering programs.
    Sec. 353. Penalties for violations of geographic targeting orders and certain recordkeeping requirements, and lengthening effective period of geographic targeting orders.
    Sec. 354. Anti-money laundering strategy.
    Sec. 355. Authorization to include suspicions of illegal activity in written employment references.
    Sec. 356. Reporting of suspicious activities by securities brokers and dealers; investment company study.
    Sec. 357. Special report on administration of bank secrecy provisions.
    Sec. 358. Bank secrecy provisions and activities of United States intelligence agencies to fight international terrorism.
    Sec. 359. Reporting of suspicious activities by underground banking systems.
    Sec. 360. Use of authority of United States Executive Directors.
    Sec. 361. Financial crimes enforcement network.
    Sec. 362. Establishment of highly secure network.
    Sec. 363. Increase in civil and criminal penalties for money laundering.
    Sec. 364. Uniform protection authority for Federal Reserve facilities.
    Sec. 365. Reports relating to coins and currency received in nonfinancial trade or business.
    Sec. 366. Efficient use of currency transaction report system.
    Subtitle C—Currency Crimes and Protection
    Sec. 371. Bulk cash smuggling into or out of the United States.
    Sec. 372. Forfeiture in currency reporting cases.
    Sec. 373. Illegal money transmitting businesses.
    Sec. 374. Counterfeiting domestic currency and obligations.
    Sec. 375. Counterfeiting foreign currency and obligations.
    Sec. 376. Laundering the proceeds of terrorism.
    Sec. 377. Extraterritorial jurisdiction.
    TITLE IV—PROTECTING THE BORDER
    Subtitle A—Protecting the Northern Border
    Sec. 401. Ensuring adequate personnel on the Northern Border.
    Sec. 402. Northern Border personnel.
    Sec. 403. Access by the Department of State and the INS to certain identifying information in the criminal history records of visa applicants and applicants for admission to the United States.
    Sec. 404. Limited authority to pay overtime.
    Sec. 405. Report on the integrated automated fingerprint identification system for ports of entry and overseas consular posts.
    Subtitle B—Enhanced Immigration Provisions
    Sec. 411. Definitions relating to terrorism.
    Sec. 412. Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus; judicial review.
    Sec. 413. Multilateral cooperation against terrorists.
    Sec. 414. Visa integrity and security.
    Sec. 415. Participation of Office of Homeland Security on Entry-Exit Task Force.
    Sec. 416. Foreign student monitoring program.
    Sec. 417. Machine readable passports.
    Sec. 418. Prevention of consulate shopping.
    Subtitle C—Preservation of Immigration Benefits for Victims of Terrorism
    Sec. 421. Special immigrant status.
    Sec. 422. Extension of filing or reentry deadlines.
    Sec. 423. Humanitarian relief for certain surviving spouses and children.
    Sec. 424. `Age-out' protection for children.
    Sec. 425. Temporary administrative relief.
    Sec. 426. Evidence of death, disability, or loss of employment.
    Sec. 427. No benefits to terrorists or family members of terrorists.
    Sec. 428. Definitions.
    TITLE V—REMOVING OBSTACLES TO INVESTIGATING TERRORISM
    Sec. 501. Attorney General's authority to pay rewards to combat terrorism.
    Sec. 502. Secretary of State's authority to pay rewards.
    Sec. 503. DNA identification of terrorists and other violent offenders.
    Sec. 504. Coordination with law enforcement.
    Sec. 505. Miscellaneous national security authorities.
    Sec. 506. Extension of Secret Service jurisdiction.
    Sec. 507. Disclosure of educational records.
    Sec. 508. Disclosure of information from NCES surveys.
    TITLE VI—PROVIDING FOR VICTIMS OF TERRORISM, PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICERS, AND THEIR FAMILIES
    Subtitle A—Aid to Families of Public Safety Officers
    Sec. 611. Expedited payment for public safety officers involved in the prevention, investigation, rescue, or recovery efforts related to a terrorist attack.
    Sec. 612. Technical correction with respect to expedited payments for heroic public safety officers.
    Sec. 613. Public safety officers benefit program payment increase.
    Sec. 614. Office of Justice programs.
    Subtitle B—Amendments to the Victims of Crime Act of 1984
    Sec. 621. Crime victims fund.
    Sec. 622. Crime victim compensation.
    Sec. 623. Crime victim assistance.
    Sec. 624. Victims of terrorism.
    TITLE VII—INCREASED INFORMATION SHARING FOR CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION
    Sec. 701. Expansion of regional information sharing system to facilitate federal-state-local law enforcement response related to terrorist attacks.
    TITLE VIII—STRENGTHENING THE CRIMINAL LAWS AGAINST TERRORISM
    Sec. 801. Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass transportation systems.
    Sec. 802. Definition of domestic terrorism.
    Sec. 803. Prohibition against harboring terrorists.
    Sec. 804. Jurisdiction over crimes committed at U.S. facilities abroad.
    Sec. 805. Material support for terrorism.
    Sec. 806. Assets of terrorist organizations.
    Sec. 807. Technical clarification relating to provision of material support to terrorism.
    Sec. 808. Definition of federal crime of terrorism.
    Sec. 809. No statute of limitation for certain terrorism offenses.
    Sec. 810. Alternate maximum penalties for terrorism offenses.
    Sec. 811. Penalties for terrorist conspiracies.
    Sec. 812. Post-release supervision of terrorists.
    Sec. 813. Inclusion of acts of terrorism as racketeering activity.
    Sec. 814. Deterrence and prevention of cyberterrorism.
    Sec. 815. Additional defense to civil actions relating to preserving records in response to government requests.
    Sec. 816. Development and support of cybersecurity forensic capabilities.
    Sec. 817. Expansion of the biological weapons statute.
    TITLE IX—IMPROVED INTELLIGENCE
    Sec. 901. Responsibilities of Director of Central Intelligence regarding foreign intelligence collected under Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
    Sec. 902. Inclusion of international terrorist activities within scope of foreign intelligence under National Security Act of 1947.
    Sec. 903. Sense of Congress on the establishment and maintenance of intelligence relationships to acquire information on terrorists and terrorist organizations.
    Sec. 904. Temporary authority to defer submittal to Congress of reports on intelligence and intelligence-related matters.
    Sec. 905. Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of foreign intelligence-related information with respect to criminal investigations.
    Sec. 906. Foreign Terrorist Asset Tracking Center.
    Sec. 907. National Virtual Translation Center.
    Sec. 908. Training of government officials regarding identification and use of foreign intelligence.
    TITLE X—MISCELLANEOUS
    Sec. 1001. Review of the Department of Justice.
    Sec. 1002. Sense of Congress.
    Sec. 1003. Definition of `electronic surveillance'.
    Sec. 1004. Venue in money laundering cases.
    Sec. 1005. First responders assistance act.
    Sec. 1006. Inadmissibility of aliens engaged in money laundering.
    Sec. 1007. Authorization of funds for DEA police training in south and central asia.
    Sec. 1008. Feasibility study on use of biometric identifier scanning system with access to the FBI integrated automated fingerprint identification system at overseas consular posts and points of entry to the United States.
    Sec. 1009. Study of access.
    Sec. 1010. Temporary authority to contract with local and state governments for performance of security functions at United States military installations.
    Sec. 1011. Crimes against charitable Americans.
    Sec. 1012. Limitation on issuance of hazmat licenses.
    Sec. 1013. Expressing the sense of the senate concerning the provision of funding for bioterrorism preparedness and response.
    Sec. 1014. Grant program for State and local domestic preparedness support.
    Sec. 1015. Expansion and reauthorization of the crime identification technology act for antiterrorism grants to States and localities.
    Sec. 1016. Critical infrastructures protection.

    SEC. 2. CONSTRUCTION; SEVERABILITY.[edit]

    Any provision of this Act held to be invalid or unenforceable by its terms, or as applied to any person or circumstance, shall be construed so as to give it the maximum effect permitted by law, unless such holding shall be one of utter invalidity or unenforceability, in which event such provision shall be deemed severable from this Act and shall not affect the remainder thereof or the application of such provision to other persons not similarly situated or to other, dissimilar circumstances.


    Approved October 26, 2001


    Legislative History[edit]

    • CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 147 (2001):
      • Oct. 23, 24, considered and passed House.
      • Oct. 25, considered and passed Senate.
    • WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS, Vol. 37 (2001):
      • Oct. 26, Presidential remarks.