USA PATRIOT Act/Title I

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USA PATRIOT Act  (2001) 
Title I - Enhancing Domestic Security against Terrorism

TITLE I — ENHANCING DOMESTIC SECURITY AGAINST TERRORISM

Sec. 101. Counterterrorism Fund.[edit]

(a) ESTABLISHMENT; AVAILABILITY.—
There is hereby established in the Treasury of the United States a separate fund to be known as the `Counterterrorism Fund´, amounts in which shall remain available without fiscal year limitation—
(1) to reimburse any Department of Justice component for any costs incurred in connection with—
(A) reestablishing the operational capability of an office or facility that has been damaged or destroyed as the result of any domestic or international terrorism incident;
(B) providing support to counter, investigate, or prosecute domestic or international terrorism, including, without limitation, paying rewards in connection with these activities; and
(C) conducting terrorism threat assessments of Federal agencies and their facilities; and
(2) to reimburse any department or agency of the Federal Government for any costs incurred in connection with detaining in foreign countries individuals accused of acts of terrorism that violate the laws of the United States.
(b) NO EFFECT ON PRIOR APPROPRIATIONS.—
Subsection (a) shall not be construed to affect the amount or availability of any appropriation to the Counterterrorism Fund made before the date of the enactment of this Act.

Sec. 102. Sense of Congress Condemning Discrimination Against Arab and Muslim Americans.[edit]

(a) FINDINGS.—
Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Arab Americans, Muslim Americans, and Americans from South Asia play a vital role in our Nation and are entitled to nothing less than the full rights of every American.
(2) The acts of violence that have been taken against Arab and Muslim Americans since the September 11, 2001, attacks against the United States should be and are condemned by all Americans who value freedom.
(3) The concept of individual responsibility for wrongdoing is sacrosanct in American society, and applies equally to all religious, racial, and ethnic groups.
(4) When American citizens commit acts of violence against those who are, or are perceived to be, of Arab or Muslim descent, they should be punished to the full extent of the law.
(5) Muslim Americans have become so fearful of harassment that many Muslim women are changing the way they dress to avoid becoming targets.
(6) Many Arab Americans and Muslim Americans have acted heroically during the attacks on the United States, including Mohammed Salman Hamdani, a 23-year-old New Yorker of Pakistani descent, who is believed to have gone to the World Trade Center to offer rescue assistance and is now missing.
(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—
It is the sense of Congress that—
(1) the civil rights and civil liberties of all Americans, including Arab Americans, Muslim Americans, and Americans from South Asia, must be protected, and that every effort must be taken to preserve their safety;
(2) any acts of violence or discrimination against any Americans be condemned; and
(3) the Nation is called upon to recognize the patriotism of fellow citizens from all ethnic, racial, and religious backgrounds.

Sec. 103. Increased Funding for the Technical Support Center at the Federal Bureau of Investigation.[edit]

There are authorized to be appropriated for the Technical Support Center established in section 811 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132) to help meet the demands for activities to combat terrorism and support and enhance the technical support and tactical operations of the FBI, $200,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2002, 2003, and 2004.

Sec. 104. Requests for Military Assistance to Enforce Prohibition in Certain Emergencies.[edit]

Section 2332e of title 18, United States Code, is amended—
(1) by striking `2332c´ and inserting `2332a´; and
(2) by striking `chemical´.

Sec. 105. Expansion of National Electronic Crime Task Force Initiative.[edit]

The Director of the United States Secret Service shall take appropriate actions to develop a national network of electronic crime task forces, based on the New York Electronic Crimes Task Force model, throughout the United States, for the purpose of preventing, detecting, and investigating various forms of electronic crimes, including potential terrorist attacks against critical infrastructure and financial payment systems.

Sec. 106. Presidential Authority.[edit]

Section 203 of the International Emergency Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)(1)—
(A) at the end of subparagraph (A) (flush to that subparagraph), by striking `; and´ and inserting a comma and the following:


``by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States;´´;


(B) in subparagraph (B)—
(i) by inserting `, block during the pendency of an investigation´ after `investigate´; and
(ii) by striking `interest;´ and inserting `interest by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States; and´;
(C) by striking `by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States`; and
(D) by inserting at the end the following:


``(C) when the United States is engaged in armed hostilities or has been attacked by a foreign country or foreign nationals, confiscate any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, of any foreign person, foreign organization, or foreign country that he determines has planned, authorized, aided, or engaged in such hostilities or attacks against the United States; and all right, title, and interest in any property so confiscated shall vest, when, as, and upon the terms directed by the President, in such agency or person as the President may designate from time to time, and upon such terms and conditions as the President may prescribe, such interest or property shall be held, used, administered, liquidated, sold, or otherwise dealt with in the interest of and for the benefit of the United States, and such designated agency or person may perform any and all acts incident to the accomplishment or furtherance of these purposes.´´; and


(2) by inserting at the end the following:


``(c) CLASSIFIED INFORMATION.- In any judicial review of a determination made under this section, if the determination was based on classified information (as defined in section 1(a) of the Classified Information Procedures Act) such information may be submitted to the reviewing court ex parte and in camera. This subsection does not confer or imply any right to judicial review.´´.