Common Sense (1776)

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Common Sense Addressed to the Inhabitants of America
by Thomas Paine






On the following interesting


  • I. Of the Origin and Design of Government in general, with concise Remarks on the English Constitution.
  • II. Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession.
  • III. Thoughts on the present State of American Affairs.
  • IV. Of the present Ability of America, with some miscellaneous Reflections.

Man knows no Master save creating Heaven,
Or those whom Choice and Common Good ordain.


The Sixth EDITION.

Philadelphia, Printed:

PROVIDENCE, Re-printed and Sold by John Carter, at Shakespear's Head, near the Court-House. M,DCC,LXXVI.


PERHAPS the sentiments contained in the following pages are not yet sufficently fashionable to procure them general favour; a long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right, and raises at first a formidable outcry in defence of custom. But the tumult soon subsides.—Time makes more converts than reason.

As a long and violent abuse of power is generally the means of calling the right of it in question (and it matters too which might never have been thought of, had not the sufferers been aggravated into the inquiry) and as the King of England hath undertaken, in his own right, the support the Parliament in what he calls theirs; and as the good people of this country are grievosly oppressed by the Combination, they have an undoubted privilege to enquire into the pretensions of both, and equally to reject the Usurpation of either.

In the following sheets, the author hath studiously avoided every thing which is personal among ourselves. Compliments as well censure to individuals make no part thereof. The wife, and the worthy, need not the triumph of a pamphlet; and those whose sentiments are injudicious, or unfriendly, will cease of themselves, unless too much pains are bestowed upon their conversion.

The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind. Many circumstances hath, and will arise, which are not local, but universal, and through which the principles of all lovers of mankind are affected, and in the event of which their affections are interested. The laying of a country desolate which fire and sword, declaring war against the natural rights of all mankind, and extirpating the defenders thereof from the face of the earth, is the concern of every man to whom nature hath given the power of feeling; of which class, regardless of party censure, is the


Chapters (not listed in original)

This work was published before January 1, 1926, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.