Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/Giorgio Baglivi

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

BAGLIVI, Giorgio, an illustrious Italian physician, descended from a poor persecuted Armenian family, was born at Ragusa in 1669, and assumed the name of his adoptive father, Pietro Angelo Baglivi, a wealthy physician of Lecce. He studied successively at the universities of Salerno, Padua, and Bologna ; and after travelling over Italy, he went in 1602 to Rome, where, through the in fluence of the celebrated Malpighi, he was elected professor of anatomy in the college of Sapienza. He died at Rome in 1707, at the early age of thirty-eight. A collection of his writings, which are all in the Latin language, was published in 4to in 1704, and has been several times reprinted in the same form. An edition in 2 vols. Svo was published in 1788. Baglivi s work De Fibra Motrice, is the foundation of that theory of medicine which was substi tuted by Hoffmann and Cullen for the Humoral Pathology.