Federal Charter of 1291

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Foedus Pactum (Charter of 1291)

The Federal Charter or Letter of Alliance (German: Bundesbrief) documents the Eternal Alliance or League Of The Three Forest Cantons (German: Ewiger Bund der Drei Waldstätten), the union of three cantons in what is now central Switzerland, formed in early August, 1291. The league was set up as a league for defense purposes against any attacker, probably prompted by the death of Rudolf I of Habsburg on July 15, 1291. Before his death, Habsburg attempted to reinforce his claim over Schwyz and Unterwalden, which meant a succession of military interventions. source