Hastings, Theophilus (DNB00)

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search

HASTINGS, THEOPHILUS, seventh Earl of Huntingdon (1650–1701), born at Donington Park, Leicestershire, on 10 Dec. 1650, was the fourth but only surviving son of Ferdinando, sixth earl of Huntingdon, by Lucy, daughter of Sir John Davies, knt. (1569-1626)[q.v.], of Englefield, Berkshire. He succeeded his father to the earldom on 13 Feb. 1656, and took his seat in the House of Lords by his proxy, the Duke of York, on 15 Feb. 1673. In May 1672 he joined the French army as a volunteer. On his return he became custos rotulorum of Warwickshire in 1675, an office which he held until February 1680, and he acted as high steward of Leicester from 29 Feb. 1677 until 8 April 1689. At this time Huntingdon acted with Anthony Ashley Cooper, first earl of Shaftesbury; in December 1678 he was chairman of a committee on the Children of Popish Recusants Bill (Hist. MSS. Comm. 11th Rep. App. pt. ii. p. 74); and on 2 May 1679 was one of the peers who signed the protest against a bill for the better discovery of popish recusants, on the ground that it might press hardly on dissenters (Protests of the Lords, i. 61). In February 1630 be was left out of the list of magistrates for Derby and Leicester; on 7 Jan. 1681 he was among those who protested against the motion for not committing Chief-justice Scroggs, and on 26 March against the non-impeachment of Edward Fitzharris (ib.pp.64, 65). At a lord mayor's dinner in December 1679 he insisted on proposing the health of the disgraced Duke of Monmouth, and had in consequence an unseemly altercation with Lord-chief-justice Scroggs (Hatton Correspondence, Camd. Soc, i. 208-10). Charles II, suspecting him of holding treasonable correspondence with Monmouth, forbade him the court, but by October 1681 Huntingdon was Received into favour again (Luttrell, Relation of State Affairs, 1857, i. 138), was promoted to the captaincy of the band of gentlemen pensioners on 1 Feb. 1683 (in which he continued until 23 Dec. 1688),and on the 23rd of the same month was admitted to the privy council. At the death of Charles II, 6 Feb. 1685, Huntingdon was one of the peers who signed the order at Whitehall for proclaiming James II. The same year, as the lineal descendant of the Beauchamps, earls of Warwick, be preferred his claim to the honour of carrying the third sword and of being pantler at the coronation (Bell, Huntingdon Peerage, 2nd edit., pp. 138-43). He was continued in all his offices and became in addition colonel of a regiment of foot (20 June 1685 to 28 Nov. 1688), warden and chief justice in eyre of the royal forests south of Trent (16' Jan. 1686 to 23 Dec. 1688), a commissioner for ecclesiastical causes (12 Jan. 1687 to 5 Oct. 1688), lord-lieutenant of Leicestershire (4 Aug. 1687 to 23 Dec 1688). lord-lieutenant of Derbyshire (2 Dec. 1687 to 23 Dec 1688), and recorder of Leicester (13 Sept. 1688). He was also made groom of the stole and gentleman of the bedchamber to George, prince of Denmark, in December 1687 (Luttrell, i.425). At the end of November 1688 Huntingdon attempted, it is said, to poison the Earl of Bath at Plymouth and seize upon the citadel for James II. He was imprisoned for a time with all the officers of his regiment save Captain Viscount Hatton and excepted from the Act of Indemnity in July 1689 (ib. i. 480, 554; Hatton Correspondence, ii. 117). Huntingdon was one of the managers of the conference with the commons in February 1689. From this time he was consistently tory, and joined in protests against affirming the acts of Convention parliament on 8 April 1690, and against the act of attainder of Sir John Fenwick, 23 Dec. 1696. When the descent from La Hogue was expected in May 1692, his house was searched. He had had time to burn his papers and secrete his arms, but his stables were found to be filled with horses. This circumstance was thought sufficient to justify the privy council in sending him to the Tower on 3 May (Luttrell, ii. 441, 443; Hatton Correspondence, ii. 176), and he did not obtain his liberty until the following 17 Aug. (Luttrell, ii. 543, 619). He refused to sign the association in favour of William III in March 1696 (ib. iv. 34), and protested against the Act of Settlement (Burnet, History of his own Time, ii. 271). Huntingdon died in Charles Street, St. James's, London, on 30 May 1701.

He married first, on 19 Feb. 1672, Elizabeth, eldest daughter and coheiress of Sir John Lewis, knt. and bart., of Ledstone, Yorkshire, and by her, who died in 1680 (ib. i. 494), he had two sons and six daughters; and secondly, on 8 May 1690, Frances, daughter and sole heiress of Frances Leveson Fowler, of Harnage Grange, Shropshire, and widow of Thomas Needham, sixth viscount Kilmorey, by whom he had two sons and five daughters. She died on 26 Dec. 1723, having remarried Michael de Ligondes of Auvergne in France, knight of Malta, and colonel of


VBapreflent at the council of LanercoiBt wbrn Tri'n:^* £* Ltjr.-n-e. y Trbrzi he bad .:.ne IkmeSv ttewaxd of Scotland, did homar^. In «»:r. htr^rrZ::'^, 'tfr-rrirtri* fr?: <eArI of Pein-

he was eerring in Scotland, va* a: Arr '*«r ■£- ' -, . t." ; 1.* tt: Snr :r.irr>i i' > Tiiomas 

in Julyy and in September was ordrrei :: l-e Bl ::£: kr.i :j WilHin .£* Clinron, earl nureh againat Bruce ( CaL Dontrwr, r* r*. ;.f H — rlr^i ■ n. &z £ ir-.^r in lSr»? was burled //rf^ to Seotlandf iii. 15 ; cf. Fa^^era. ii f . 1:: St. AriV^C::;LT»^". i£ S:.A::r-^*:har'« M :<n&»- Beeord ed.) On 24 Oct. 1309 he -^h.^ t;- irrrXtr-'eT: urr ■ Wixtxe, /u^f/^iV .V<>nii- pointed aeneechal of Aquitaine ( Fadern. LL mA.u. p. i-.^^ •. ), but next year was once more s^en-fnr 'i"^--- ** v^^ t *- • p t>-" ^» v p:^ in Scotland; there is a referf^nceU'Ha.riiir* bii-^s cir^"-** i-^ -h^'V-i^ RerM as seneschal of Perigord in a let tfr c&lei: iarvi ^1-7^.^" r r - : e : V:* i. ::" - - • '- e h ~ "* Se" ■ ^^p in the Hist. MSS. Comm. 4th Rep. i Aj-j*. p. y. ti_ y ^^i^i^* >■ ^^ r.f C**rl*T*r^-ok. rr. 56. SO f86). Hastings is commonlv s&jd i.. Lsre i'&S-*: ?fc::rr»TiA*J»:.r:=:*r:« :'l:i*:r»::re- of been summoniM to parliameiiT f-r 'Le IajT H.*.-. .5 SroLa-i: Bsiis Caltniw of D(>ra- time on 22 May 1313; most prribaKj tkLs r:f-:* rriAt:::^ :o Swilisl t::». ii. ari.i ii:. : summons was to his son. for awvirdinz:-* ^Hr -S:cT*ns:«'* Dxr::=:fT::* i:ist-.?»t:iiff the Hist, cf statement be died 28 Feb. 1313 iO^mjJ^U >.':'l*ai- 2 to'.s. dri^n. and Mt-morlAU of Sco:- F^rage, ^t?., i. 13, ed. G. E. C. ». and :Le ' in- -'^-^z : li*?-^> ^- - '^t IrlgTifij of a Peer, iii. 53. quisitio post mortem 'of his e*Tat*-*wtsL^I.3 1^^'M12. 117. 325. 329. 167. 175. ISl. 1S6.1&4, S an indulgence of fortv darp to prav foT Hastings's soul {Reg. Palat' Dunelm, i G16. HASTIXGa J( (HX, sf^ond Earl of Rolls ^.) Pembboke il:U7-l:37oi. was only son of Hastings was evidently much trust^l by Laurence Hastings 'q. v.". first earl, and Edward I and is highly spoken of. Lanztoft Acmes, daughter of ISoger Mortimer, earl of calls him a 'knight of choice' (ii. .Sloi: the March. His father died in 1;^, while he writer of the song of Caerlaverock says : ' In was little more than a year old. and during deeds of arms he was daring and xtfckless. his minority his estates were managed by his in the hostel mild and gracious, nor was ever mother. In 1:3(>9 he was admitte<l into the ndge in eyre more willing to judge rightly.' onler of the Garter, in succession to the Earl of "e had great wealth, and left land in ten Warwick. In the same year he accompanied oonnties besides in the marches of Wales the Earl of Cambridge into France with an and in Ireland. He married first, in 1275, armed force destined to reinforce the Black Isabella, daughter and in her ofifspring heiress Prince in Aquitaine. They landed at Saint of William de Valence, earl of Pembroke; by Malo and proceeded to the capturt* of Bour- her he had, with other ofifspring, John, third deille, and then to that of the Koche-sur-Yon, baron Hastings (see below), and Elizabeth, where he was knighted ( Chandos Herald^ who married Roger, lord Grey of Ruthin i 4012-i^). He seems to have declined to [q. Y.]; his first wife died 3 Oct. 1305 (Dec- serve under Sir John Chandos [q. v.], but. DALE, Antiq, Warw, i. 183). Hastings's se- being defeated by the Frt?nch at Pumon,nenr cond wife was Isabella, daughter of Hugh le Poitiers, he was glad to send to Chandos for Despenser (1262-1326) [q. v.], by wliom he assistance. After having made a raid into had two sons, Hugh [q. v.] anj Thomas; '•■ the province of Anjou he rejoined the Black after Hastings's death she married Ralph de Prince at Cognac, and proceeded with him Monthermer (Fwdera, iii. 789). I to the siege and capture of Limoges. Having Hastings, John, third Babon Hastings ! returned to England he was named, 20 April (1287-1325), was twenty-six years of age ■ 1372, lieutenant of the king's forces in Aoui- at his father's death. In 1306 he attended ! taine, and about that timeproctHHled to tiiat Queen Margaret to Scotland and served in destination with a fliH^t laden with forces and the Scottish wars between 1311 and 1319 ; supplies. In attempting ton^lieve the siego in 1320 he at first sided with the rebel lords, I of La Rochelle he encountered a Spanish but afterwards joined the king at Ciren- ; fleet before that to i, composed of ships cester. In 1323 he was governor of Kenil- heavier than his own. After a fight which worth Castle, and died in 1325. He mar- ried Juliana, granddaughter and heiress of lasted two dnvs he was entire! v defeat wl and taken prisoner 23 June, lie was removed to K-15 horse in the French service (Chester, Registers of Westminster Abbey, p. 30).

Of Huntingdon there is a fine mezzotint by R. Williams from a portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller, dated 1687. He was succeeded by his son George Hastings (1679-1705).

[Authorities quoted; Rogers's Protests of the Lords,i. 56,61,64,65,97,100,108,128; Doyle's Official Baronage, ii. 240; Collins's Peerage (Brydges), vi. 660-3.]

G. G.