Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997/Division C

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==DIVISION C — ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION REFORM AND IMMIGRANT RESPONSIBILITY ACT OF 1996==

Sec. 1. Short Title of Division; Amendments to Immigration and Nationality Act; Application of Definitions of Such Act; Table of Contents of Division; Severability.[edit]

(a) SHORT TITLE.—
This division may be cited as the ``Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996´´.
(b) AMENDMENTS TO IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT.—
Except as otherwise specifically provided—
(1) whenever in this division an amendment or repeal is expressed as the amendment or repeal of a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to that section or provision in the Immigration and Nationality Act; and
(2) amendments to a section or other provision are to such section or other provision before any amendment made to such section or other provision elsewhere in this division.
(c) APPLICATION OF CERTAIN DEFINITIONS.—
Except as otherwise specifically provided in this division, for purposes of titles I and VI of this division, the terms ``alien´´, ``Attorney General´´, ``border crossing identification card´´, ``entry´´, ``immigrant´´, ``immigrant visa´´, ``lawfully admitted for permanent residence´´, ``national´´, ``naturalization´´, ``refugee´´, ``State´´, and ``United States´´ shall have the meaning given such terms in section 101(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
(d) TABLE OF CONTENTS OF DIVISION.—
The table of contents of this division is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short Title of Division; Amendments to Immigration and Nationality Act; Application of Definitions of Such Act; Table of Contents of Division; Severability.
TITLE I — IMPROVEMENTS TO BORDER CONTROL, FACILITATION OF LEGAL ENTRY, AND INTERIOR ENFORCEMENT
Subtitle A — Improved Enforcement at the Border
Sec. 101. Border patrol agents and support personnel.
Sec. 102. Improvement of barriers at border.
Sec. 103. Improved border equipment and technology.
Sec. 104. Improvement in border crossing identification card.
Sec. 105. Civil penalties for illegal entry.
Sec. 106. Hiring and training standards.
Sec. 107. Report on border strategy.
Sec. 108. Criminal penalties for high speed flights from immigration checkpoints.
Sec. 109. Joint study of automated data collection.
Sec. 110. Automated entry-exit control system.
Sec. 111. Submission of final plan on realignment of border patrol positions from interior stations.
Sec. 112. Nationwide fingerprinting of apprehended aliens.
Subtitle B — Facilitation of Legal Entry
Sec. 121. Land border inspectors.
Sec. 122. Land border inspection and automated permit pilot projects.
Sec. 123. Preinspection at foreign airports.
Sec. 124. Training of airline personnel in detection of fraudulent documents.
Sec. 125. Preclearance authority.
Subtitle C — Interior Enforcement
Sec. 131. Authorization of appropriations for increase in number of certain investigators.
Sec. 132. Authorization of appropriations for increase in number of investigators of visa overstayers.
Sec. 133. Acceptance of State services to carry out immigration enforcement.
Sec. 134. Minimum State INS presence.
TITLE II — ENHANCED ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES AGAINST ALIEN SMUGGLING; DOCUMENT FRAUD
Subtitle A — Enhanced Enforcement and Penalties Against Alien Smuggling
Sec. 201. Wiretap authority for investigations of alien smuggling or document fraud.
Sec. 202. Racketeering offenses relating to alien smuggling.
Sec. 203. Increased criminal penalties for alien smuggling.
Sec. 204. Increased number of assistant United States Attorneys.
Sec. 205. Undercover investigation authority.
Subtitle B — Deterrence of Document Fraud
Sec. 211. Increased criminal penalties for fraudulent use of government-issued documents.
Sec. 212. New document fraud offenses; new civil penalties for document fraud.
Sec. 213. New criminal penalty for failure to disclose role as preparer of false application for immigration benefits.
Sec. 214. Criminal penalty for knowingly presenting document which fails to contain reasonable basis in law or fact.
Sec. 215. Criminal penalty for false claim to citizenship.
Sec. 216. Criminal penalty for voting by aliens in Federal election.
Sec. 217. Criminal forfeiture for passport and visa related offenses.
Sec. 218. Penalties for involuntary servitude.
Sec. 219. Admissibility of videotaped witness testimony.
Sec. 220. Subpoena authority in document fraud enforcement.
Subtitle A — Revision of Procedures for Removal of Aliens
Sec. 301. Treating persons present in the United States without authorization as not admitted.
Sec. 302. Inspection of aliens; expedited removal of inadmissible arriving aliens; referral for hearing (revised section 235).
Sec. 303. Apprehension and detention of aliens not lawfully in the United States (revised section 236).
Sec. 304. Removal proceedings; cancellation of removal and adjustment of status; voluntary departure (revised and new sections 239 to 240C).
Sec. 305. Detention and removal of aliens ordered removed (new section 241).
Sec. 306. Appeals from orders of removal (new section 242).
Sec. 307. Penalties relating to removal (revised section 243).
Sec. 308. Redesignation and reorganization of other provisions; additional conforming amendments.
Sec. 309. Effective dates; transition.
Subtitle B — Criminal Alien Provisions
Sec. 321. Amended definition of aggravated felony.
Sec. 322. Definition of conviction and term of imprisonment.
Sec. 323. Authorizing registration of aliens on criminal probation or criminal parole.
Sec. 324. Penalty for reentry of deported aliens.
Sec. 325. Change in filing requirement.
Sec. 326. Criminal alien identification system.
Sec. 327. Appropriations for criminal alien tracking center.
Sec. 328. Provisions relating to State criminal alien assistance program.
Sec. 329. Demonstration project for identification of illegal aliens in incarceration facility of Anaheim, California.
Sec. 330. Prisoner transfer treaties.
Sec. 331. Prisoner transfer treaties study.
Sec. 332. Annual report on criminal aliens.
Sec. 333. Penalties for conspiring with or assisting an alien to commit an offense under the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act.
Sec. 334. Enhanced penalties for failure to depart, illegal reentry, and passport and visa fraud.
Subtitle C — Revision of Grounds for Exclusion and Deportation
Sec. 341. Proof of vaccination requirement for immigrants.
Sec. 342. Incitement of terrorist activity and provision of false documentation to terrorists as a basis for exclusion from the United States.
Sec. 343. Certification requirements for foreign health-care workers.
Sec. 344. Removal of aliens falsely claiming United States citizenship.
Sec. 345. Waiver of exclusion and deportation ground for certain section 274C violators.
Sec. 346. Inadmissibility of certain student visa abusers.
Sec. 347. Removal of aliens who have unlawfully voted.
Sec. 348. Waivers for immigrants convicted of crimes.
Sec. 349. Waiver of misrepresentation ground of inadmissibility for certain alien.
Sec. 350. Offenses of domestic violence and stalking as ground for deportation.
Sec. 351. Clarification of date as of which relationship required for waiver from exclusion or deportation for smuggling.
Sec. 352. Exclusion of former citizens who renounced citizenship to avoid United States taxation.
Sec. 353. References to changes elsewhere in division.
Subtitle D — Changes in Removal of Alien Terrorist Provisions
Sec. 354. Treatment of classified information.
Sec. 355. Exclusion of representatives of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 356. Standard for judicial review of terrorist organization designations.
Sec. 357. Removal of ancillary relief for voluntary departure.
Sec. 358. Effective date.
Subtitle E — Transportation of Aliens
Sec. 361. Definition of stowaway.
Sec. 362. Transportation contracts.
Subtitle F — Additional Provisions
Sec. 371. Immigration judges and compensation.
Sec. 372. Delegation of immigration enforcement authority.
Sec. 373. Powers and duties of the Attorney General and the Commissioner.
Sec. 374. Judicial deportation.
Sec. 375. Limitation on adjustment of status.
Sec. 376. Treatment of certain fees.
Sec. 377. Limitation on legalization litigation.
Sec. 378. Rescission of lawful permanent resident status.
Sec. 379. Administrative review of orders.
Sec. 380. Civil penalties for failure to depart.
Sec. 381. Clarification of district court jurisdiction.
Sec. 382. Application of additional civil penalties to enforcement.
Sec. 383. Exclusion of certain aliens from family unity program.
Sec. 384. Penalties for disclosure of information.
Sec. 385. Authorization of additional funds for removal of aliens.
Sec. 386. Increase in INS detention facilities; report on detention space.
Sec. 387. Pilot program on use of closed military bases for the detention of inadmissible or deportable aliens.
Sec. 388. Report on interior repatriation program.
TITLE IV — ENFORCEMENT OF RESTRICTIONS AGAINST EMPLOYMENT
Subtitle A — Pilot Programs for Employment Eligibility Confirmation
Sec. 401. Establishment of programs.
Sec. 402. Voluntary election to participate in a pilot program.
Sec. 403. Procedures for participants in pilot programs.
Sec. 404. Employment eligibility confirmation system.
Sec. 405. Reports.
Subtitle B — Other Provisions Relating to Employer Sanctions
Sec. 411. Limiting liability for certain technical violations of paperwork requirements.
Sec. 412. Paperwork and other changes in the employer sanctions program.
Sec. 413. Report on additional authority or resources needed for enforcement of employer sanctions provisions.
Sec. 414. Reports on earnings of aliens not authorized to work.
Sec. 415. Authorizing maintenance of certain information on aliens.
Sec. 416. Subpoena authority.
Subtitle C — Unfair Immigration-Related Employment Practices
Sec. 421. Treatment of certain documentary practices as unfair immigration-related employment practices.
TITLE V — RESTRICTIONS ON BENEFITS FOR ALIENS
Subtitle A — Eligibility of Aliens for Public Assistance and Benefits
Sec. 501. Exception to ineligibility for public benefits for certain battered aliens.
Sec. 502. Pilot programs on limiting issuance of driver's licenses to illegal aliens.
Sec. 503. Ineligibility of aliens not lawfully present for Social Security benefits.
Sec. 504. Procedures for requiring proof of citizenship for Federal public benefits.
Sec. 505. Limitation on eligibility for preferential treatment of aliens not lawfully present on basis of residence for higher education benefits.
Sec. 506. Study and report on alien student eligibility for postsecondary Federal student financial assistance.
Sec. 507. Verification of immigration status for purposes of Social Security and higher educational assistance.
Sec. 508. No verification requirement for nonprofit charitable organizations.
Sec. 509. GAO study of provision of means-tested public benefits to aliens who are not qualified aliens on behalf of eligible individuals.
Sec. 510. Transition for aliens currently receiving benefits under the Food Stamp program.
Subtitle B — Public Charge Exclusion
Sec. 531. Ground for exclusion.
Subtitle C — Affidavits of Support
Sec. 551. Requirements for sponsor's affidavit of support.
Sec. 552. Indigence and battered spouse and child exceptions to Federal attribution of income rule.
Sec. 553. Authority of States and political subdivisions of States to limit assistance to aliens and to distinguish among classes of aliens in providing general cash public assistance.
Subtitle D — Miscellaneous Provisions
Sec. 561. Increased maximum criminal penalties for forging or counterfeiting seal of a Federal department or agency to facilitate benefit fraud by an unlawful alien.
Sec. 562. Treatment of expenses subject to emergency medical services exception.
Sec. 563. Reimbursement of States and localities for emergency ambulance services.
Sec. 564. Pilot programs to require bonding.
Sec. 565. Reports.
Subtitle E — Housing Assistance
Sec. 571. Short title.
Sec. 572. Prorating of financial assistance.
Sec. 573. Actions in cases of termination of financial assistance.
Sec. 574. Verification of immigration status and eligibility for financial assistance.
Sec. 575. Prohibition of sanctions against entities making financial assistance eligibility determinations.
Sec. 576. Eligibility for public and assisted housing.
Sec. 577. Regulations.
Subtitle F — General Provisions
Sec. 591. Effective dates.
Sec. 592. Not applicable to foreign assistance.
Sec. 593. Notification.
Sec. 594. Definitions.
TITLE VI — MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Subtitle A — Refugees, Parole, and Asylum
Sec. 601. Persecution for resistance to coercive population control methods.
Sec. 602. Limitation on use of parole.
Sec. 603. Treatment of long-term parolees in applying worldwide numerical limitations.
Sec. 604. Asylum reform.
Sec. 605. Increase in asylum officers.
Sec. 606. Conditional repeal of Cuban Adjustment Act.
Subtitle B — Miscellaneous Amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act
Sec. 621. Alien witness cooperation.
Sec. 622. Waiver of foreign country residence requirement with respect to international medical graduates.
Sec. 623. Use of legalization and special agricultural worker information.
Sec. 624. Continued validity of labor certifications and classification petitions for professional athletes.
Sec. 625. Foreign students.
Sec. 626. Services to family members of certain officers and agents killed in the line of duty.
Subtitle C — Provisions Relating to Visa Processing and Consular Efficiency
Sec. 631. Validity of period of visas.
Sec. 632. Elimination of consulate shopping for visa overstays.
Sec. 633. Authority to determine visa processing procedures.
Sec. 634. Changes regarding visa application process.
Sec. 635. Visa waiver program.
Sec. 636. Fee for diversity immigrant lottery.
Sec. 637. Eligibility for visas for certain Polish applicants for the 1995 diversity immigrant program.
Subtitle D — Other Provisions
Sec. 641. Program to collect information relating to nonimmigrant foreign students.
Sec. 642. Communication between government agencies and the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Sec. 643. Regulations regarding habitual residence.
Sec. 644. Information regarding female genital mutilation.
Sec. 645. Criminalization of female genital mutilation.
Sec. 646. Adjustment of status for certain Polish and Hungarian parolees.
Sec. 647. Support of demonstration projects.
Sec. 648. Sense of Congress regarding American-made products; requirements regarding notice.
Sec. 649. Vessel movement controls during immigration emergency.
Sec. 650. Review of practices of testing entities.
Sec. 651. Designation of a United States customs administrative building.
Sec. 652. Mail-order bride business.
Sec. 653. Review and report on H-2A nonimmigrant workers program.
Sec. 654. Report on allegations of harassment by Canadian customs agents.
Sec. 655. Sense of Congress on discriminatory application of New Brunswick provincial sales tax.
Sec. 656. Improvements in identification-related documents.
Sec. 657. Development of prototype of counterfeit-resistant Social Security card.
Sec. 658. Border Patrol Museum.
Sec. 659. Sense of the Congress regarding the mission of the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Sec. 660. Authority for National Guard to assist in transportation of certain aliens.
Subtitle E — Technical Corrections
Sec. 671. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
(e) SEVERABILITY.—
If any provision of this division or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances is held to be unconstitutional, the remainder of this division and the application of the provisions of this division to any person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.