The Statutes at Large (Ruffhead)/Volume 1/Judic. Pillorie (51 Hen3. Stat 6) (1266)

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Judicium Pillorie

A Statute of the Pillory and Tumbrel. and of the Assise of Bread and Ale

made Anno 51 Hen. III. Stat.6 and Ad. 1266

Cotton MS. Claudius, D.2.

SI Pistor convictus fuerit, vel Braciatrix convicta, quod istas assisas non observaverit, primo, secundo, & tertio, amercietur secundum quantitam delicti, & non graviter deliquerit; & si graviter deliquerit & pluries, & castigrari nolieurit patiatur judicim corporis, scilicet, Pistor collistrigium & Braciatruix trebuchetum vel castigacionem. Primo, fex legales homines jurent fideliter colligere omnes mensuras ville, videlicet, busselum, dimidium bussellum & quartas busseli, omnes galones, potellos, & quaras, tam de tabernis, quam aliis; ulnas & ponderra, scilicet libras, dimid. libras tronas, ac minora pondera villarum, per euq ponderant panem villarum, per que ponderant panem in Cur. scilicet de quolibet genere panis unum pane,; Et super mensuras, ulnas, pondera tunc scribant super sinulos pane eorum nomina distincte, quorum sunt; & mensuras molcndinorum colligant. Postea xii. legales homines fideliter respondeant as interro att ab eis, [que] ex parte Regie querantur ab eis que seripta sunt ; & que funt scripta, proponant secrete & privatim respondeant: et mandetur baillivis, quod habeant corpora ominum psitoreum, & omnium braciatricium, una cum mensuris & omnibud aliss subsciptis. Primo queratur de venicione frumenti, videlicet, quomodo vendebatur ultimo die quarterium frumenti melioris, & quomodo quaterium minori precii, & quomodo tercii precii, & quomodo quaterium ordei & avene. Postea quomodo respondent panes pistoris ic Uria fua, videlicet, Wasteellum, & alii panes, secundum vendicionem melioris precii, aut tercii precii. Item pro qunato incremento vel decremento in vendicione quaterii frumenti debat pistor muatre aassiam suam, & pondus panis sui. Item quantam debat poonderare Wasterllum de quadrante, & omnes alii panes, secundum vendicionem quarterii frumenti quam presentnat. Item pro quanto defectu ponderis panis de quadrante pistor debat amerciari, vel surbire judicium pillorie, secundum consuerdinem Curie fue. Item si aliquis senescallus vel ballivus pro aliqua mercede remiserit judicium pillorie, vel tumbrelli adjudicatum, vel de jure adjudicandum.

Item si habeatur in villa pilloria debite fortiudinis, secendum quod pertinit ad liertatem mercatorum, qua uti possint, si necesse fuerit, sine periculo corporis hominios, &mulieris. Et postmodum queratur de assisa & vendicione vini, post recesseum Justiciariorum itinerancium, vel eorum [socioruam] qui suerant ultimo in officio mercati in villia ; videlicet, de nominibus vinetariorum, pro quanto vendiderunt sextarium vini. Item si aliquod vinum sit in villa corruptum, & corpori hominis non sanum. De assisa cervise in Curia ville, qualis sit & si oobservertur; sin autem que braciatrices vendiderunt contra assisam; & nomina earum distincte & apperte presentent, & pro quolibet delictoamerciari debent, vel apti judicium [pillorie vel] trumbelli, si contra assisam vendiderunt.

Item si qui sint in villa, qui per unam mensuram emunt, & per aliam vendunt. Item si quis utatut falsis ulnis, vel falfis ponderibus, aut mensuirs. Item si quis carnifex vendiderit carnes susteinata, vel morte morina. [Vel fi quis emat carnes de Judeis, & eas vendit Christianis.] Item de Cocis, si qui decoqunat carnes vel pisces in pane, vel in aqua, vel [aliquo] alis modo, non sanas corpori hominis, vel postquam talia tenuerint, ita quod debitam naturam amiserint, & ea recalefaciant & vendant. Item de sortstallariis, qui ant horam debitam, & in villa statutam, aliquid emunt contra Stattum ville & mercati, vel qui exeant villam rebus venalibus obviantes,& extra villam emant, ut in villa eas carius vendant ad rgratores, quam saceraent hii qui eas asportabant, ti as villam vel in mercatum venissient. Quando quaterium ordei venditur pro duobus solidis, tunc quatuor lagene cervise vendnatur as denarium ; Quando pro duobus solidis sex denariis, tunc septem lagene pro duobus denariis; Quando pro tirbus solidis, tunc tres lagenge as denarium; Quando pro tribus solidis & sex denariis, tunc quinque lagene as duos denarios ; Quando pro quatuor solidis, tunc due lagene ad denarium; & sic deinceps crescertur vel diminuetur per sex deanrios.

The Punishment of Brewer offending IF a Baker or a Brewer be convict, because he hath not observed the Assize of Bread and Ale, the first, second and third time, he shall be amerced according to his offence, if it be not over grevious; Repealed as to the Assize of Bread by 8 Ann. c. 18. s.1 (2)but if the Offence be grevious and often, and will not be corrected, than he shall suffer punishment of the Body, that is to wit, a Baker to the Pillory, and a Brewer to the Tumbrel, or some other Correction. (3) First, six lawful men shall be sworn truly to gather all Measures of the Twon, that is to wit, Bushels, half and quarter Bushels, Gallons, Pottles, and Quarts, as well of Taverns as of other Places; Measures and Weights, that is to to wit, Pounds, half Pounds [1] and other little weights, wherewith Bread of the Town or of the Court is weighed, that is to say, one Loaf of evry sort of Bread. (4) And upon every Measure, Bushel, Wieght, and also upon every Loaf, the Name of the Owner distinctly written; (.) and likewise they shall gather the Measures of Mills. A Jury Sworn(6) After which Thing done, twelve lawful Men shall swear to make true Answer to all such Things as shall be demanded of them in the King's Behalf upon Articles here following ; and such Things as be secret, they shall utter secretly, and answer privately. (7) And the Bailiffs shall be commanded to bring in all the Bakers and Brewers with thier Measures, and all things under written.

Of What things the Jury may Enquire(8)First, they shall inquire the Price of Wheat, that is to wit, how a Quarter of the best Wheat was sol the last Market-day, and how the second Wheat, and howthe tird; and how a Quarter of Barley and Oats; (9) after, how the Bakers Bread in the Court doth agree, that is to wit, Wastel and other Bread after Wheat of the best or of the second, or of the third price. (10) Also upon how much Increase or Decrease in the Price[2] of Wheat a Baker Ought to change the Assise and Weight of his bread. (11) Also how much the Wastel of a Farthing ought to weigh, and all other manner of Bread, after the Price of a Quarter of Wheat that they present. (12) [3] And for default in the Weight of the Bread, a Baker ought to be amerced, or to be judged unto the Pillory, according to the Law and Custom of the Court.

Releasing of Punishment deserved(13) Also if any Steward or Bailiff, for any Bribe, doth release Punishment of the Pillory and Tumbrel, being already judged, or to be judged of right

II. Also if they have in the town a Pillory of convenient strength, as appertaineth to the Liberty of thier Market, which they may use (if need be) wihout bodily Peril either of Man or Woman.

The Assize and Price of Wine (2) After, they may eqnuire of the Assise and Price of Wine after the Deaprture of the Justices in Eyre, or of them that were last in Office of the Market of the Town; that is to say, of the Vintners Names, and how they sell as Gallon of Wine; and if any corrupted Wine be in the Town, or such as is not wholesome for Man's Body.

The Assize of Ale (3) Also of the Assize of Ale in the Court of the Town how it is, and whether it be observed; and if not how much Brewers have sold contary to the Assise ; (4) And they shall present thier Names distinctly and openly, and that they be amerced for every Default, or be judged to the Tumbrel, if they sell contary to the Assise.

False Weights of Measures III. Also if there be any that sell by one Measure, and buy by another. Also if any do use false Ells Weights or Measures.

Butchers(2) And if any Butcher do sell contagious Flesh , or that died of the Murren.

Cooks (3) Also they shall inquire of Cooks that seethe Flesh or Fish with Bread or Water, or any otherwise, that is not wholsome for Man's Body; or after that they have kept it so long that it loseth its natrual Wholsemness, and then seethe it again, and sell it. (4) or if any do by Flesh of the Jews, and then sell it to Christians.

Forestallers(5) And also Forestallers, that buy any thing afore the due and accustomed Hourl aginast the good State and Weal of the Town and Market, or that pass out of the Town to meet such things as come to the Market, . being out of the Town.[4], to the intent that they may sell the same in the Twon more dear unto Regrators, [5]that utter it more dear than they would that brough it, in case they had come to the Town or Market.

Ale shall be sold according to the Price of Barley(6) When a Quarter of Barley is sold for two Shillings, then Four Quarts of Ale shall be sold for a Peny; when for two Shillings six Pence, then seven Quarts of Ale shall be sold for two Pence; when for three Shillings, the three Quarts for one Peny; when for three Shillings Six Pence, then five Quarts for two Pence; when it is sold for four Shillings, then two Quarts at one Peny. And so from henceforth the Prices shall increase and decrease after the rate of six Pence.

  1. The Word (illegible text)
  2. Add of a quarter
  3. For and for Deafault in the weight of the Bread read and for what Deafule in the Weight of a Loaf of a farthing. &c.
  4. Read and buy them out of the town
  5. Not in Original


Transcribed from digital copy of 'Statutes at Large' (1761) Held by