- 3-4. Which weigh'st the mountains in thy scale, / And ballancest the cloud... — "scale" is the traditional symbol of Justice and the biblical symbol of Divine Omnipotence. Cf. “Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?” Isaiah 40:12; “Dost thou know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him which is perfect in knowledge?” Isaiah 37:16.
- 5. And still peculiar on my side — term "peculiar" is appropriate to God’s chosen people; so Jesus is “peculiar” to his faithful followers. Cf.: “But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light…” 1 Peter 2:9.
- 8 All that exact on me... — "exact" means here "make demand" or "oppress".