Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Lloyd, Charles (1748-1828)

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LLOYD, CHARLES (1748–1828), philanthropist, born at Birmingham 22 Aug. 1748, was second son of Sampson Lloyd, banker, of Birmingham, a descendant of an old Montgomeryshire family and a member of the Society of Friends, by his second wife, Rachel, daughter of Nehemiah Champion of Bristol. Charles was educated at a private school, whence he passed into his father's counting-house. He found time, however, to make himself no mean classical scholar. After his father's death he carried on the banking business with eminent success, was a preacher, and otherwise a man of great influence among the Friends. Though debarred from public offices by his religious principles, he was universally respected as a citizen, and was one of the pioneers of the movement for the emancipation of the West Indian slaves, a supporter of the Bible Society and of unsectarian education, and one of the founders of the Birmingham General Hospital. He died on 16 Jan. 1828. His residence, Bingley House, near Birmingham, gave its name to Bingley Hall, the well-known place of assembly within the town.

Lloyd married, on 13 May 1774, Mary, daughter of James Farmer of Birmingham, by whom he had fifteen children. His eldest son was Charles Lloyd (1775–1839) [q. v.] the poet; his eldest daughter, Priscilla, married Christopher Wordsworth [q. v.], afterwards master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and brother of William Wordsworth the poet.

A ‘Translation of the Twenty-fourth Book of the Iliad of Homer,’ in heroic couplets, after Cowper, was printed anonymously by Lloyd for private circulation in 1807 and 1810, Birmingham, 8vo. He also translated the first seven books of the ‘Odyssey,’ which appeared in 1810, Birmingham, 12mo. Between 1808 and 1812 he published in the ‘Gentleman's Magazine’ metrical translations of ‘Horace,’ Lib. i. Od. i., Lib. i. Ep. i. ii. iii. iv. vii. and x. In 1812 he printed for private circulation ‘The Epistles of Horace translated into English Verse,’ Birmingham, 12mo. Another of his essays in verse, a translation in the heroic couplet of an Alcaic ode on the death of Dr. Parr, by his grandson, Charles Wordsworth [q. v.], bishop of St. Andrews, is printed with one of his letters in the bishop's ‘Annals of my Early Life,’ London, 1891, 8vo.

[Gent. Mag. 1809 pt. ii. p. 255, 1810 pt. i. pp. 66, 252, 358, pt. ii. p. 159, 1811 pt. ii. p. 62, 1828 pt. i. pp. 279, 281; Martin's Privately Printed Books, p. 203; Overton and Wordsworth's Life of Christopher Wordsworth, Bishop of Lincoln, London, 1890, 8vo, pp. 3–4; Life of Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, ed. Hankin, 1859, pp. 163–4; Wordsworth's Annals of my Early Life, pp. 3–4; Fitzgerald's Life and Letters of Lamb, i. 426; Burke's Commoners, ‘Lloyd of Dolobran;’ information from Mr. G. B. Lloyd of Edgbaston Grove, Birmingham.]

J. M. R.