White Nights and Other Stories/Notes from Underground

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Notes from Underground (1864)
by Fyodor Dostoevsky, translated by Constance Garnett

a short novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky written in 1864. It is considered one of the world's first and finest existentialist works. It presents itself as an excerpt from the rambling memoirs of a bitter, isolated, unnamed narrator (generally referred to by critics as Underground Man) who is a retired civil servant living in St. Petersburg.

41563Notes from UndergroundConstance GarnettFyodor Dostoevsky

Notes from Underground[1]

A Novel

Chapters (not listed in original)
  1. The author of the diary and the diary itself are, of course, imaginary. Nevertheless it is clear that such persons as the writer of these notes not only may, but positively must, exist in our society, when we consider the circumstances in the midst of which our society is formed. I have tried to expose to the view of the public more distinctly than is commonly done, one of the characters of the recent past. He is one of the representatives of a generation still living. In this fragment, entitled "Underground," this person introduces himself and his views, and, as it were, tries to explain the causes owing to which he has made his appearance and was bound to make his appearance in our midst. In the second fragment there are added the actual notes of this person concerning certain events in his life.—Author's Note