Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1913.djvu/151

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University Education.

In England the highest education is given at the ancient universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the former having 22 colleges and 3 private halls, and the latter 17 colleges and 1 hall; the university of Durham, founded in 1831, with a college of medicine, and since 1871, a college of science at Newcastle; the university of London founded in 1836 and reorganised in 1900 so as to be a teaching as well as an examining body, with 24 colleges or schools giving instruction in 8 faculties; the Victoria University (Manchester), founded in 1880; the Birmingham University, founded in 1900; the Liverpool University, founded in 1903; the Leeds University, founded in 1904; the Sheffield University, founded in 1905; and the Bristol University, founded in 1909. There are also University Colleges at Exeter, Nottingham (founded 1881), Reading (started with the establishment of art classes in 1860), and Southampton (founded 1850). There are special Agricultural Colleges at Carlisle, Cirencester, Glasgow, Newport (Shropshire), Kingston-on-Soar (Derby), Wye (Kent), Uckfield (Sussex), and Ripley (Surrey). The university of Wales, founded in 1903, has 3 colleges (Cardiff, Aberystwyth, and Bangor). In Scotland there are 4 universities, viz., at St. Andrews, founded 1411; Glasgow, 1450; Aberdeen, 1494; Edinburgh, 1582. The Carnegie trust, founded in 1901 with a capital of 2,000,000 £., has an annual income of 100,000 £., of which half is devoted to the equipment and expansion of the Scottish Universities and half to assisting students. In Ireland is the university of Dublin, founded 1591. In 1909 was founded in Dublin the National University of Ireland, and in Belfast the Queen's University of Belfast. The former has 3 constituent colleges, viz., the University Colleges of Cork, Galway, and Dublin. The following table gives the approximate number of teachers and students of the Universities in the United Kingdom mainly for 1912:—

Universities Number of
Number of
Oxford 130 3,950 [1]
Cambridge 130 3,750 [1]
Durham 120 1,100
London Internal 884[2] 290 [3]
London External 950 [3]
Manchester 280 1,600
Birmingham 200 1,000
Liverpool 250 1,000
Leeds 150 1,000 [4]
Sheffield 170 600
Bristol 120 700
Total for England 2,434 15,940
St. Andrews 105 580
Glasgow 190 2 800
Aberdeen 100 1,130
Edinburgh 130 3,500
Total for Scotland 525 7,910
Dublin, (Trinity col.) 110 1,100
Dublin (National) 130
Belfast 40 600
Total for Ireland 280 1,700
Wales 130 1,250
Grand Total (approximate) 3,369 26,800
  1. 1.0 1.1 Undergraduates; the matriculations numbered: Oxford, 1,040; Cambridge, 1,156.
  2. Comprising 69 "Appointed Teachers" and 815 "Recognised Teachers."
  3. 3.0 3.1 Registered students.
  4. Also 250 evening and occasional students.

At most of the Universities and University Colleges women students are admitted on equal terms with men. There are, however, several colleges exclusively for female Students:—Bedford, Royal Holloway, and Westfield Colleges in London; Newnham and Girton (160 students) Colleges in Cambridge; Lady Margaret Hall, Sommerville College, St. Hugh's College, and St. Hilda's College, in Oxford.