Report to the Deputy Attorney General on the Events at Waco, Texas/Appendix D

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Appendix D: Arson Report[edit]

REPORT OF FIRE SCENE INVESTIGATION

This report relates to the cause and origin of a fire that occurred on April 19, 1993 at the structure known as the "Branch Davidian compound" located near Waco, Texas.

STATUTES VIOLATED[edit]

This report establishes that the fire was the result of an intentional act by a person or persons inside the compound and in in violation of state and federal criminal laws including but limited to: Title 7, Section 28.02 of the Texas Penal Code (Arson), and Title 18, Section 844(i) of the U. S. Code.

Furthermore, if the prosecution establishes that a person intentionally causes the death of an individual in the course ot committing or attempting to commit Arson, the person may be trie,j for Capital Murder as defined under Title 5, Section 19.03 T.P.C. punishable by life imprisonment or death.

BUILDING DESCRIPTION[edit]

The involved structure was a multi-storied, wood framed building in an irregular shape with a ground floor area of approximately 12,500 square feet. Contained within the buildinq on the ground floor were the men's living quarters, a kitchen an"i dining room with adjacent food storage area, several utility rooms, a chapel, and a gymnasium.

The second floor was located over the entire length of the front of the building and above the food storage area, as well as in an area above the northeast portion of the chapel. The second floor was apparently used as quarters for women and children, and also contained Vernon Howell's quarters. Both corners on the front of the building contained a third floor. A third and fourth floor were located over the food storage area.

The building appeared to have been constructed haphazardly over a period of time with no attention to any building or fire codes. No bathroom or plumbing fixtures were found within the building with the exception of,sinks located in the kitchen area. Used lumber had been employed in construction. Most of the building's interior lacked wallboard. Foundation, slabs, and piers were unreinforced concrete of inferior quality.

A poured, unreinforced concrete foundation wall approximately 1001 x 241 was located on the southeast section of the building. Cinder blocks with a poured concrete cap set directly on the earth made up the remainder of the exterior foundation on the front. The remaining structural foundation was either cinder blocks set directly on the earth or homemade unreinforced concrete blocks.

Most of the interior foundation was made of poured unreinforced concrete blocks or cinder blocks set directly on the earth, unreinforced concrete slabs, or poured concrete blocks formed from five gallon cans and/or half gallon milk containers.

Floor joists were identifiable from remains found on the ground floor only. Most appear to have been wooden 2" x 6"s. There were no mechanical connections to foundations or piers, with the exception of the 100' x 2' section previously noted. Several materials used for flooring on the ground floor were noted, including 1/21 plywood, 1" particle board and 1" particle board over 1" x 6"s.

The exterior framing in the 100' x 24' area on the ground floor appeared to be 2" x 6"s. The remaining exterior framing appeared to be 2" x 4"s. Exterior walls throughout were covered with 1/2" exterior masonite. The entire front section of the building's ground floor (176' x 24') appears to have had interior walls covered with 1/211 sheetrock ' wallboard. The remains of 1/2" sheetrock were also found in the chapel area. No remains of interior wallboard were found in either the dining room or the gymnasium. The interior wall coverings above the first floor are unknown.

The only materials known to have been used for roof construction were found at the rear of the gymnasium. In this area, 3/8" plywood had been laid over 2" x 8" homemade wooden trusses. The roof of the entire structure was covered with rolled asphalt composition roofing material.

Electrical power to the building had been turned off prior to the day of the fire. No evidence of any energized electrical service to the building was observed.

There were also several underground storage rooms that appeared to have been dug directly under the existing structure. A school bus had been buried at the west end of the building. The bus was a part of a tunnel system extending from the west end of the building to a large concrete walled structure (unfinished construction) partially roofed by plywood covered with tar paper.

The only entrance to the tunnel system from the main building was through an opening in the floor of the main building, west end. This opening led to a small underground room with access to the rear door of the aforementioned school bus.

OCCUPANCY[edit]

The structure was occupied as a multi-family residential building with shared common areas including a single kitchen and dining area, a chapel, and a gymnasium. The gymnasium was being used as a storage area.

The interior of the building was compartmented into many smaller rooms presumed to have been used as sleeping quarters.

The building also contained a small machine shop in which the remains of a metal lathe and mill were found. There were also identifiable remains of a large amount of firearms, ammunition, and devices resembling explosive ordinance.

CAUSE AND ORIGIN[edit]

This fire was caused by the intentional act(s) of a person or persons inside the compound. Fires were set in three separate areas of the structure identified as points of origin 1, 2, and 3. This investigation establishes that these fires occurred in areas significantly distant from each other and in a time frame that precludes any assumption of a single ignition source or accidental cause.

Furthermore, the physical evidence collected at the scene included the remains of several metal containers commonly used for the storage of flammable liquids. These containers were collected by members of the Texas Rangers crime scene team and remain in their custody. Samples of fire debris were also collected and proof of flammable liquids was established through the use of an accelerant detection dog and through laboratory analysis. Further details are included in other sections of this report.

Point of origin #1 is further identified as the second floor, front section of the building, southeast corner.

Point of origin #2 is further identified as the first floor, mid section of the building in or near the area identified as the dining room.

Point of origin #3 is further identified as the first floor, right side (east) of the building identified as the chapel area.

Investigative findings further confirm that flammable liquids were used to accelerate the spread and intensity of the fire.

CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS[edit]

HISTORY[edit]

on or about and for several weeks prior to April 19, 1993, the above described structure, also known as the Mount Carmel Compound, was occupied by several dozen members of a religious cult who called themselves "Branch Davidians". The cult was allegedly led by a person identified as Vernon Howell, aka: David Koresh.

This location was the scene of a federal law enforcement operation in which hostage negotiators were attempting to effect the release of persons inside the compound and/or surrender of Howell and others charged with criminal violations.

At or about 6:00 am on April 19, 1993, federal officers began to breach the walls of the building using vehicles described as combat engineering vehicles (CEV's). Other military vehicles were also used at the scene as transport for law enforcement officers.

During the next six hours, ending shortly after 12:00 noon, several large portions of the building's exterior walls were destroyed by the CEV's. The area of deepest penetration by the vehicles was in the rear section known as the gymnasium located on the northeast side of the building. During this period of time, law enforcement officers reported seeing persons moving about inside the building. Also during this same time period, tear gas was inserted inside the building by means of pressurized injectors mounted on the CEV's and hand held launchers. At or about 9:17 am, the front door of the building was breached by CEV.

The last contact by a CEV was at or about 12:06 pm. This contact resulted in the removal of a part of the southeast corner of the exterior wall, ground floor level.

There was no evidence-or indication of fire at any time during the approximate six hours of intermittent physical contact between the vehicles and the building. At the conclusion of the breaching and tear-gassing operation, the building had sustained several large openings in the exterior walls.

THE EVENTS DESCRIBED IN THE ABOVE CHRONOLOGY ARE DOCUMENTED BY EYEWITNESS ACCOUNTS, FBI RADIO LOGS, AND PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, FORWARD LOOKING INFRARED (F.L.I.R.) VIDEO TAPE, STILL PHOTOGRAPHY AND BROADCAST NEWS VIDEO.

THE FIRE[edit]

The intensity levels described in this section refer to the relative growth and flame spread characteristics observed in the F.L.I.R. video tape. They are applied to this particular case for claiification purpos es only and do not refer to the commonly applied "phases of fire" theory.

Intensity levels are defined as follows:

I.L.(1) Visible flame or observable heat at the incipient fire stage.
I.L.(2) A fire which has progressed from incipient (I.L.1) to the point of full room involvement.
I.L.(3) A fire which his reached a point greater than I.L.2 and has visible flame extending beyond the room or area of origin.

12:07:41 - Fire is first observed in point of origin one (southeast corner, second floor). This fire is at I.L.1 (incipient).

12:08:49 - Fire is observed at area of origin two (dining area). This fire is already at or near I.L.2 when first observed.

12:09:30 - Fire at point of origin one is observed reaching I.L.2

12:09:42 - Flames at point of origin one are observed venting through windows, second floor.

12:09:45 - Fire is visible in point of origin three (inside chapel). This fire is observed at I. L. 1 and rapidly intensifit~s to I.L.3.

12:10:22 - Point of origin three (chapel) spreading to full involvement of gymnasium (I.L.3+).

12:11:00 - Fire rapidly spreading to involve entire building.

CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS[edit]

The spread of this fire was enhanced by a combination of several factors in addition to the multiple points of origin and the use of flammable liquids. These factors include the following:

  1. Building construction: This building, as mentioned above, was very poorly constructed with no apparent consideration to fire safety. Although constructed in a rural area and possibly not legally bound to fire code restrictions, this building appears to have been built with a total disregard to any reasonable concern for fire prevention, especially considering it's intended use as living quarters for numerous people.
  2. Wind: The spread of any fire is naturally affected by the wind. This fire was certainly intensified by a very strong wind from the general direction of the south.
  3. Law enforcement breaching operations: During the approximate six hours prior to the fire, in their efforts to allow access to the interior of the building, and allegedly to allow escape from within, the FBI removed several large sections of the building's exterior walls. When added to the aforementioned strong wind, these openings are contributory to the fire's spread. However, another factor to consider is that the allowance of additional fresh air into the building, while fanning the flames, would have also lowered the concentration of carbon monoxide thus allowing a greater amount of "breathable" air and increasing the amount of time a person might have survived if trapped inside.
  4. Contents within the building: One aspect of particular concern, somewhat unique to this fire scene, is the unusual amount of highly combustible products stored inside the building, such as bailed hay, large quantities of paper products and other flammables.
  5. Delayed fire suppression: The building was virtually destroyed before fire fighting operations began. However, even under more favorable circumstances, including the time required for detection, reporting, response and suppression, a fire such as this would have likely been too far advanced for effective extinguishment, salvage or rescue.

OTHER INCENDIARY INDICATORS[edit]

ACCELERANT DETECTION DOG[edit]

During the fire scene examination, an accelerant detection dog was used to assist in locating areas within the compound that may have contained the presence of hydrocarbons or flammable liquids (possibly used to accelerate the fire). The dog alerted in numerous areas throughout the compound including the points of origin mentioned above. Additionally, the dog was allowed controlled access to articles of clothing removed from the residents of the compound who escaped after the fire began. The dog alerted on many of the articles of clothing.

A DETAILED REPORT ENTITLED "ACCELERANT DETECTION CANINE ASSIST REPORT" COMPILED BY J.M. KAUS AND J.D. HUDEC IS INCLUDED AS A PART OF THIS REPORT. THE AREAS OF ALERTS INSIDE THE COMPOUND WILL BE INDICATED ON THE CRIME SCENE DRAWING.

Of particular interest is the fact that the dog is capable of making distinctions of relative intensity between areas of the same garment. Although incapable of identifying a particular flammable liquid, the dog is much more sensitive than commonly used electronic equipment and can often alert on samples containing minute quantities of flammables, that cannot be detected by the gas chromatographic instrument.

FORENSIC LABORATORY FINDINGS[edit]

Approximately one hundred samples of fire debris and clothing were submitted for scientific analysis. These items had been alerted on by the canine prior to submission for identification. Many could not be identified by scientific means. However, those that were identified include the following:

DPS #
0018B shoes - Misty Ferguson KEROSENE
0019C shoes - Clive Doyle CAMP STOVE FUEL
0024 clothing - Derek Lovelock CAMP STOVE FUEL
0024A clothing - Derek Lovelock KEROSENE
0024B shoes - Derek Lovelock CAMP STOVE FUEL
0026A shoe (left) - Graeme Craddock KEROSENE AND GASOLINE
0022A shoes - Jaime Castillo CAMP STOVE FUEL
0037 jacket CHARCOAL STARTER FUEL
0189 shirt, shirt, pants CHARCOAL STARTER FUEL
0255 soil GASOLINE
0735 raincoat GASOLINE
0796 cloth HEAVY PETROLEUM DISTILLATE
0925 carpet GASOLINE
0928 debris GASOLINE
0932 latex gloves CHARCOAL STARTER FUEL
0934 cartridge belt GASOLINE
0936 coat CHARCOAL STARTER FUEL
0938 camo pants HEAVY PETROLEUM DISTILLATE
0939 gas mask GASOLINE
1176 unknown sample GASOLINE
1404 debris GASOLINE
1415 concrete KEROSENE
1417 concrete KEROSENE
1418 soil KEROSENE
1419 soil KEROSENE
1420 concrete KEROSENE

THE ITEMS LISTED IN THE SECTION ABOVE ARE INCLUDED IN A DETAILED REPORT BY DR. ANDREW ARMSTRONG WHICH WILL BE INCLUDED AS A PART OF THIS REPORT.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION[edit]

The following is provided for informational purposes concerning the tear gas used by the FBI at the compound. We are of the opinion that this fire was not caused by nor was it intensified by any chemicals present in the tear-gassing operations.

There were two methods of delivery. 1) The 40mm Ferret cartridge which is a plastic projectile delivered by an M79 hand held launcher.

The irritant mixture is a nonburning nonexplosive liquid agent containing CN and Methylene Chloride as a carrier. Each Ferret contained 25cc (1.53 cu.in.) of the mixture. The effectiveness of this product is diminished proportionally to the amount of air available for dissipation, which is why it is intended for enclosed space application.

Although capable of limited penetration, many of these rounds did not penetrate the exterior of the building. Those that did enter the building were probably incapable of penetrating beyond the first room of entry.

Although Methylene Chloride can be made to support weak flame propagation under some controlled laboratory conditions, it most likely would have acted as a flame inhibitor if introduced into a room during the incipient stage of a fire, and probably could not have been ignited during deployment and delivery by any common ignition source present in this application. 2) The pressurized CN carried aboard the CEV's had a maximum delivery rate of twelve to fifteen seconds and was sprayed through a nozzle using Carbon Dioxide as the propellant. Not only incapable of igniting, this product may have been an effective extinguishing medium if applied to a fire already in progress.

EFFECTIVENESS OF TEAR GAS[edit]

It is apparent that a conscious decision to use the above described methods of tear gas delivery included some concern for potential fire hazards. In choosing the products selected, a significant degree of effectiveness may have been sacrificed in favor of safety. In fact, when all factors are considered, including the strong winds, the large openings in the building as a result of the CEV operations, the relative weakness of the tear gas selected, and the use of gas masks by the occupants, the entire gassing operation may be viewed as a failure with the possible exception of a psychological effect. Nevertheless, we are of the opinion that these operations did not contribute to the ignition or spread of the fire.

CONCLUDING POINTS FOR CONSIDERATION[edit]

A scenario involving the Ferret round as a cause of this fire includes some unlikely coincidental occurrences which would have required the projectile to enter a room, striking a lighted liquid fueled lantern, spilling the fuel without extinguishing the burning mantel, and allowing the burning mantel to ignite the spilled fuel. Such a scenario would have resulted in an immediate flash ignition at a single point of origin with a natural fire spread from that point. As reflected earlier in this report, multiple points of origin occurring after cessation of the gassing operation eliminates this hypothetical explanation.

Another theoretical explanation reported by the media in this case involves the rupture of a propane cylinder or flammable liquid container as a result of being crushed by one of the vehicles breaching the walls of the compound. If this had happened, an immediate vapor air explosion or flash fire would have occurred involving the vehicle itself. It did not happen. All law enforcement vehicles were well away from the building prior to the start of the fire. Although explosions did occur during this fire, some of which were likely caused by propane cylinders rupturing from overpressure due to external heat, there were no explosions during the early stages of the fire.

It should be pointed out that there was certainly a significant amount of structural damage done to the building during this operation which would naturally include it's interior and contents. Therefore, it is possible that some flammables were spilled inside the building as a result. These flammables could have contributed to the destruction of the building as the fire spread to them. There is no positive proof of this but it cannot be eliminated.

One final observation, though not relative to the cause and origin of this fire, concerns the possibility of escape from the building after the fires began. A great many of the occupants could have escaped to the outside of the compound even as the building burned. An exact number cannot be determined. However, considering the observable means of exit available, we must assume that many of the occupants were either denied escape from within or refused to leave until escape was not an option.

It is also possible that the escape route planned included the aforementioned tunnel system accessible through an opening in the floor at the west end of the building. A significant amount of structural debris was found in this area indicating that the breaching operations could have caused this route to be blocked.

THIS REPORT REFLECTS THE FINDINGS OF THE INVESTIGATORS LISTED BELOW AND IS BASED ON ALL AVAILABLE'EVIDENCE INCLUDING THEIR OWN PROFESSIONAL OPINIONS.

Paul C. Gray
John T. Ricketts
William S. Cass
Thomas W. Hitchings

LABORATORY REPORT: 93FR1212[edit]

Mr. Paul Gray
Assistant Chief Arson Investigator
Houston Arson Bureau
410 Bagby, Suite 400
Houston, TX 77002

Re: Mt. Carmel Investigation

LABORATORY REPORT: 93FR1212

On April 24, 1993, twenty-four containers of items were received by Dr. Andrew T. Armstrong from Ranger Sergeant Jim Miller and Ranger Sergeant Lane Akin of the Texas Department of Public Safety. Some containers were comprised of single items and some of multiple samples. All had been sealed and secured by the collecting officers. The items submitted are outlined in Appendix I and are identified by the laboratory number, the DPS number and other numbers when applicable. All are described and all markings are indicated. This report will refer to samples in accordance with the DPS marking, a twelve digit number where the last four places are significant.

On April 26, 1993, thirty-six additional samples were delivered to the laboratory by Ranger Sergeant Lane Akin and on April 28, 1993, twenty-two additional samples were received from the same officer. These samples were entered into evidence and described in the same manner as previously outlined. On May 4, 1993, the laboratory received one additional sample for analysis from Sergeant Akin.

The samples were subjected to dynamic head space recovery in accordance with ASTM E1412-91 or passive collection in accordance with ASTM Method E1413-91, where required. Collection of the volatiles was on SKC charcoal with carbon disulfide extraction and analysis by- capillary column gas chromazzography with cross column confirmation. Sefected samples were analyzed by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. The gas chromatographic analyses. and classification of flammable and combustible recoveries are in accordance with ASTM E1387-90.

Results of the testing are itemized individually for each sample tested beginning on page two in the conclusion to the report. Samples with similar flammable liquid or combustible liquid identifications are included in common parag-ra-ahs in the data summary.

DATA ANALYSES:[edit]

- Data analyses achieved from the testing establishes that samples known as DPS Numbers 0026B, 0255, 0733, 0925, 0928, 0934, 0939, 1176, 1404 and 1415 contained a refined petroleum fuel mixture consistent with gasoline. Gasoline is a Class 2 petroleum distillate.

- Data analyses establishes that DPS Samples 0037 (left sleeve), 0037 (right sleeve), 0189 (shirt), 0189 (shirt) , 0189 (pants), 0932 and 0936 contained a midrange petroleum distillate known as a deparaffinated kerosene. This range of petroleum distillate can be found as a solvent but is more commonly available as a fuel in some charcoal starters. This type of product is a Class 0 petroleum distillate.

- Data analyses establishes that DPS Samples 0019C, 0022A (left shoe), 0022A (right shoe), 0024 and 0024B contained a light petroleum distillate known as petroleum naphtha. Petroleum naphtha is available commercially as a solvent or as a fuel in lighter fluids and campstove products. This range of petroleum product is a Class 1 petroleum distillate.

- DPS Samples 0024A, 0026B, 1415, 1417., 1418, W.9 and 1420 contained broad range, straight run petroleum distillates of the fuel oil series. The range of components recovered is consistent with a kerosene, a Class 4 petroleum distillate.

- DPS Sample 0018B contained a medium petroleum distillate consistent with a mineral spirits of kerosene, a Class 3 petroleum distillate.

- DPS Samples 0030, 0796 and 0938 contained resides of heavy petroleum distillates. Further characterization could not be achieved.

- Other samples submitted may have contained singular, identifiable components that may, or may not, have originated from flammable mixtures. These samples are considered as negative for identifiable flammable liquid residues. Failure to identify an accelerant in any sample of fire debris should not be interpreted to mean that an accelerant could not have been present. It means only that, none could be recovered from that particular debris.

CONCLUSION:[edit]

DPS No:
00000000-
AFL
No:
Description Results:
0004 3 Camo shirt No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0005 11 Camo shirt No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
0006 13 Vest magazine No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
0014 8 Ammo pouch No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
0017 19A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
0017A 19B Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
0017B 19C-1 Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0017B 19C-2 Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
0017C 19D Shoes No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
001-ID 19E Passport Not tested
0017E 19F Passport Not tested
0017F 19G Personal items Not tested
0017G 19H Personal items Not tested
0018 12A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0018A 12B Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0018B 12C Reebok shoe Contained a medium petroleum distillate, a Class 3 product.
0018C 12D Personal items Not tested
0018D 12E Magazine pouch No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0019 22A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0019A 22B Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0019B 22 C Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0019C 22D Shoe Contained a petroleum naphtha, a Class 1 petroleum distillate.
0019D 22E Lighter Not tested
0020 24A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0020A 24B Jacket No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0020C 24C Tennis shoe No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0020B 24D Lighter Not tested
0021 18A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0021A 18B Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0021B 18C Right shoe No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0021 18D Left shoe No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0022 17A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0022A 17B Right shoe Contained a petroleum naphtha, a Class 1 petroleum distillate.
0022A 17C Left shoe Contained a petroleum naphtha, a Class 1 petroleum distillate.
0024 23A Clothing Contained a uetroleum naphtha, a Class 1 petroleum distillate.
0024A 23B Clotbing Contained kerosene, a Class 4 petroleum distillate.
0024B 23C Tennis shoes Contained a petroleum naphtha, a Class 1 petroleum distillate.
0024C 23D Lighter Not tested
0025 20A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0025A 20B Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0025A 20B-S Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0025B 20C Bible Not tested
0025C 20D Computer disk Not tested
0025D 20E Personal items Not tested
Q026 16A Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0026A 16B Right shoe No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0026B 16C Left shoe Contained a mixture of gasoline and kerosene, a mixture of a Class 2 and a Class 4 petroleum distillate.
0026 16D Watch Not tested
0028 15 Vest-bullet Not tested
0030 10 Ammo pouch Contained the residue of a heavy petroleum distillate.
0037 14S-1 Left sleeve Contained a deparaffinated kerosene, a Class 0 petroleum distillate.
0037 14S-2 Right sleeve Contained a deparaffinated kerosene, a Class 0 petroleum distillate.
0183 4 Control/dog Not tested
0188 7 Control/dog Not tested
0189 9S1 Shirt Contained a deparaffinated kerosene, a Class 0 petroleum distillate.
0189 9S2 Shirt Contained a deparaffinated kerosene, a Class 0 petroleum distillate.
0189 9S3 Pants Contained a deparaffinated kerosene, a Class 0 petroleum distillate.
0255 6 Soil Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate.
0263 1 Water No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0735 2 Raincoat Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate.
0755 3 Wood No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0786 26 Debris No identffiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0787 27 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0788 28 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0789 29 Rock debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0790 30 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0791 31 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0792 32 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0793 33 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0794 34 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0795 35 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0796 36 Cloth Contained the residue of a heavy petroleum distillate
0797 37 Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0798 38 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0922 39 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0923 40 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0924 41 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0925 42 Carpet Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate
0926 43 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0928 44 Debris Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate.
0929 45 Glove No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0930 46 Nylon pouch No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0931 47 Leather glove No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0932 48 Latex glove Contained a deparaffinated kerosene, a Class 0 petroleum distillate.
0933 49 Knife holster No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0934 50 Cartridge' belt Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate.
0935 51 Belt holster No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids
0936 32 Navak coat Contained a deparaffinated kerosene, a Class 0 petroleum distillate.
0937 53 Camo shirt No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0938 54 Camo pants Contained the residue of a heavy petroleum distillate.
0939 55 Gas mask Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate.
0940 56 Vest No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0973 57 Floor joist No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
09.74 58 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0976 59 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
0977 60 Particle board No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1176 61 Not identified Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate.
1402 62 Carpet & plastic No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1403 63 Carpet No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1404 63A Debris Contained gasoline, a Class 2 petroleum distillate.
1405 64 Cloth No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1406 65 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1407 66 Cloth No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1408 67 Clothing No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1409 68 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1410 69 Debris No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1411 70 Flooring No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1412 71 Concrete No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1413 72 Concrete No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1414 73 Concrete No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1415 74 Concrete Contained a mixture of gasoline and kerosene; a mixture of a Class 2 and a Class 4 petroleum distillate.
1416 75 Concrete No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1418 77 Soil & debris Contained kerosene, a Class 4 petroleum distillate.
1419 78 Soil & debris Contained kerosene; a Class 4 petroleum distillate.
1420 79 Concrete Contained kerosene, a Class 4 petroleum distillate.
1421 80 Concrete No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
1422 81 Concrete No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.
2018 82 Torch No identifiable flammable/ combustible liquids.

Lab Sample No: 21 was included in DPS No: 18.
Lab Sample Nos: 63 and 63A were two different DPS sites but received the same lab number through a typing duplication.

Respectfully submitted,
ARMSTRONG FORENSIC LABORATORY, INC.

Andrew T. Armstrong, PhD Certified Professional Chemist, AIC
AIHA Accreditation: 363

John M. Corn, MS
Senior Chemist

APPENDIX[edit]

Laboratory Report 93FR1212

Sample Descriptions

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


1	0263	4/22/93	DPS Label - DPS Batch #12., Wallace Higgins, FBI
		(1600)	Outer Can - Water Sample F/crater do not open until
			              ready to analyze ZL Mt. Carmel 4/23/93 #263
			Enclosed Can - water sample F/crater do no open until
			              ready to analyze ZL ZW Mt. Carmel 4/23/93
			              #263
2.	0735	4/24/93	DPS Label - Rain coat - yellow rain coat sector D
		(1500)	              grid, All Ray Cano, DPS Batch #27
			Paper Sack - DA11 #1 Yellow rain coat 4/24/93 3:OOPM
				#765
			Can - for latent prints

3	0004	4/21/93	DPS Label - Camo shirt, Wallace Higgins, FBI Batch #2
		(1441)	Dog Tag - LA4140 6:15PM 4-23-93 #2
			Can - WAC MUR Mt. Carmel, 1 - Camo shirt 4/21/93 ZL
				Ex. 4
			Zip Lock Bag (Split) - 4/21/93 ZL WAC MUR Mt. Carmel
				1 Camo shirt

4	0183	4/23/93	DPS Label - Control Sample Arson K-9, John Kaus, FBI
				Batch #8
			Can - Ex 183 JMK 4-23-93 LA4140 Control #2 with
Ex 1, 2, 3  4/23/93  6:15PM

5	0755	4/24/93	DPS Label - Wood - Char - Wood - Dog Sample Sector D
		(1530)	grid A21 Ray Cano, DPS Batch #28
  Sack - RC 4/24/93
  Can -  4/24/93 3:30PM DA2 dog sample wood (oak)
		A 18, 19, 20

6	0255	4/22/93	DPS Label - Soil - Char - Soil Sample, Wallace
		(1600)		Higgins, FBI	Batch #12
			Can - Mt. Carmel, TX	4/22/93 soil sample f/crater
				do not open until ready to analyze Z4

7	0188	4/23/93	DPS Label - Char - Controlled Sample Arson K-9, John
				Kaus, FBI Batch #8
			Can - LA4140 Control #1 with Ex 1, 2, 3 4/23/93
				6:15PM  JMK  4-23-93

				(i)

APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


8	0014	4/21/93	DPS Label - Pouch - Ammo, Wallace Higgins, FBI
		(1441)		Batch "2
Zip Lock Bag (Split) - WAC  MUR    4/21/93  ZL   Mt.
	Carmel, TX   2 black mag.  pouches w/2 mag 
	each (mags loaded)
 Can -  WAC  MUR  Mt. Carmel  2-Blk. mag. pouch 4/21/93
		#14

9	0189	4/23/93	DPS Label - Char: 2 shirts, 1 pair of pants, John 
				Kaus, FBI Batch #8
 Plastic Sack - LA  4140  4/23/93   6:30PM  Control  #1
	w/Ex. 4   Ex. 189 JMK   4/23/93
 Articles split into three cans:	Split 1 - Shirt
	Split 2 - Shirt
	Split 3 - Pants

10	0030	4/21/93	DPS Label - #030 Pouch - Ammo, Wallace Higgins, FB I
		(1441)		Batch #2
			Zip Lock Bag (Split) - WAC MUS Mt. Carmel, TX
				4/21/93 ZL
Can -  #30 J 4-23-93 1 Ammo Belt 2x2-9mm pouches 
	(black) JMK 4-23-93

11	0005	4/21/93	DPS Label - Camo shirt, Wallace Higgins, FBI
		(1441)		Batch #2-
 Dog Tag - Onyx's Nose - LA 4140 6:15PM 4-23-93 #1
 Zip Lock Bag (Split) - contained 1 glass case, 1
pair glasses -  Optical Dispensary, Waco, TX
3 rounds of ammo - 9mm. Luge FC  hollow point;
	9mm WCC88 - solid; rifle cart. C077
 Zip Lock Bag - WAC MUR Mt. Carmel, 1 camo jacket
	w/loose rounds in pocket  ZL  4/21/93
Can - WAC MUR Mt. Carmel 1 camo jacket w/loose 
	rounds in pocket 4/21/93 Ex 5

(ii)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FRI212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


12E	0018	4/21/93	DPS Label - -Pouch magazine, Higgins, Wallace, FBI
		(1441)		Batch #2
Can - WAC MUR  ZL  Mt. Carmel, TX   4/21/93 1 Black 
	mag pouch
  Zip Lock Bag (Split) - WAC MUR Mt. Carmel 4/21/93
	1 Black mag pouch w/two loaded mags
12	0018	4/21/93	Orange Sack - Med 5, ATF-18, DOB Ferguson, Misty
				contained 12A, 12B, 12C and 12D

12A	0018	4/21/93	Label - 18  - labeled clothing - Misty Ferguson
		(1441)		4/19/93 17:50    Agent: Jaime Lopez Agent
				ID #0500 ATF  DET  0018  4/19/93  Time  1750
			Dog Tag - Onyx's LA 4140 #5     4/24/93 4:15PM can
				w/socks, jeans, bra
			Can - DET 0018 4/19/93 1750

12B	0018	4/21/93	Label -	18A clothing - Misty Ferguson 4/19/93 17:50
		(1441)		Agent Jaime Lopez   Agent ID 10500 ATF
			Dog Tag - Onyx's LA 4140 #6    4/24/93 4:15PM can
				w/shirts (3)

12C	 001	84/21/93	Labe - 18B - Reebok - Misty Ferguson 4/19/93  17:50
		(1441)		Agent Jaime Lopez   Agent ID #0500 ATF
			Dog Tag - Onyx's LA 4140  #7   4/24/93 4:15PM   two
			black Reebok shoes
		Paper Sack DET 0018B LA 4140 #7

12D	0018	4/21/93	Label  -	18C	Necklace 4/19/93 17:50 Agent Jaime
		(1441)		Lopez	Agent ID #0500 ATF
		Contents of Sack - Label DET 0018C - 1 pair glasses,
			1 watch - AWATCH, 1 gold necklace w/star,
			1 cloth bracelet - black & purple

(iii)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FRI212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number.	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings
 

13	0006	4/21/93	DPS Label - Vest magazine, Wallace Higgins, FBI
		(1441)		Batch #2
Zip Lock Bag (Split) - WAC MUR  Mt. Carmel, TX
	 4/21/93  ZL 1 black vest w/loaded magazine
  Dog Tag - Onyx's nose, LA  4140  6:15PM  4/23/93  #3
Can - WAC MUR  Mt. Carmel ZL 1 black vest w/9 
	loaded mags 4/21/93 Ex 9

14	0037	4/21/93	DPS Label - Jacket, Wallace Higgins, FBI Batch #2
		(1441)	Previous Sacks - WAC MUR Mt. Carmel - 1 scorched
				blue nylon jacket
  Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 4/23/93 10:30PM
	#4
  Cans Made:   Split 1 - left sleeve
 Split 2 - right sleeve

15	0028	4/21/93	DPS Label - Vest bullet res, Wallace Higgins, FBI
		(1441)		Batch #2
Sack - WAC MUR Mt. Carmel, 4/21/93 ZL 1-one 
	panel bullet proof vest/ATF agent #28

16A       0026	4/19/93	Sack - JAC 4/19/93 Craddock, Graeme 11/29/51
	(1740)	Can - Graeme Craddock clothing, Agent Jaime Lopez
			ATF #0500 4/19/93 1740
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose  #18 LA 4140 4/24/93 4:50PM
			can w/clothing

16B        0026	4/19/93	Sack -	0026A Graeme Craddock, tennis shoes Reebok
	(1740)		Jaime Lopez ATF 0500
		Dog Tag - LA 4140 4/24/93 #19A 4:50PM Shoe/
			right black tennis

16C         0026	4/19/93	Sack -	0026A Graeme Craddock, tennis shoes Reebok
	(1740)		Jaime Lopez ATF 0500
		Dog tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 4/24/93 #19B 4:50PM 
			Shoe/left black tennis

16D         0026	4/19/93	Dog tag - 0026B watch Seiko Sports 150 Agent Jaime
	(1740)		Lopez Agent ID #0500 ATF DET 026B

(iv)
APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

	Collection
Lab   DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.   (00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings 


17A   0022	4/19/93	Sack -  Castillo, Jaime 6/4/68 JL 4/19/93
	(1800)	Can - DET 0022 Castillo, Jaime clothes Jaime Lopez
			#0500 ATF
		Dog Tag - Onyx's Nose #20 LA 4140 4/24/93 5:00PM

17B   0022	4/19/93	Label - DET 0022A Shoes Reebok Back Tennis, Jaime
	(1800)	Lopez	Agent ID #0500 ATF
		Sack	DET 0022A
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #21A  LA 4140  4/24/93  5:00PM
			right shoe

17C   0022	4/19/93	Label - DET 0022A Shoes Reebok Back Tennis, Jaime
	(1800)	Lopez	Agent ID #0500 ATF
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose IV21B LA 4140 4/24/93 5:OOPM
			left shoe

18A   0021	4/19/93	Label - DET 0021 Thibodeau, David pants, jeans,
	(1725)		shorts, cloths Agent Jaime Lopez Agent
			ID #0500 ATF
		Sack - 21 Thibodeau, David 2/13/69
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #15 LA  4140  4/24/93  4:45PM

18B   0021	4/19/93	Label -	DET 0021 Thibodeau, David shirt, sweater/
	(1725)		black clothes Jaime Lopez Agent ID  #0500
			ATF
		Can - DET 0021A 4/19/93 @ 17:25
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #15 LA 4140 4/24/93 4:45PM

18C   0021	4/19/93	Label - Shoes Jaime Lopez Agent ID #0500 ATF
	(1725)	Sack - DET 0021B @ 17:25 LA 4140 17A   17B
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #17A  LA  4140  4/24/93  4:45P.M
			can w/R shoe (boot hiking)

18D   0021	4/19/93	Label - Shoes Jaime Lopez Agent ID #0500 ATF
	(1725)	Sack - DET 0021B @ 17:25 LA  4140  17A  17B
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #17B LA 4140 4/24/93  4: 4.5 PM
			can w/L shoe (boot hiking)

			(v)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FRI212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

	Collection
Lab  DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.  (00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


19A     0017	4/19/93	Label - DET 0017 Unknown black female clothes Jaime
	(1830)		Lopez Agent ID 710500 ATF
		Sack - Black female unconscious IL 4/19/93 17
		Can - DET 0017 4/19/93 @ 18:30
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 #22  4/24/93  5:10PM

19B     0017	4/19/93	Label - DET 0017 Unknown black female clothing
	(1830)	Jaime Lopez Agent ID #0500 ATF
		Can - DET 0017A 4/19/93 @ 1830
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 V'23 4/24/93 5:10PM

19C     0017	4/19/93	Label - DET 0017B Unknown black female clothing
	(1830)		Jaime Lopez Agent ID #0500 ATF
		Can - DET  0017B 4/19/93 @ 1830
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 7#24 4/24/93 5:10P.M

19D     0017	4/19/93	Label - DET 0017 Unknown black female black shoes
	(1830)		Jaime Lopez Agent ID #0500 ATF
		Sack - DET 0017C LA 4140 #25
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #25 LA 4140 4/24/93 5:15PM

19E     0017	4/19/93	Label - 0017D Unknown black female passport #003408563
	(1830)		Jaime Lopez AID #0500 ATF
		Sack - DET  0017D for latent prints
		Contents: European United Kingdom of Great Britain &
			Northern Ireland passport

19F     0017	4/19/93	Label - 0017E Unknown black female British passport
	(1830)		#L426260C Jaime Lopez AID #0500 ATF
		Sack - DET 0017E for latent prints
		Contents: British passport #L426260C Miss M.V. Thomas

19G    0017	4/19/93	Label - 0017F Unknown black female personal articles
	(1830)		- savings book, checkbook, pen, star necklace
			Jaime Lopez AID #0500 ATF
		Sack - DET 0017F for latent prints
		Contents: Savings book, check book (Mt. Westminister
			Bank), pen, gold star necklace, notebook paper
			note, liquid gold - Leeds

			(vi)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

	Collection
Lab  DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.  (00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


19H  0017	4/19/93	Label - 0017G Unknown black female DET 0017G personal
	(1830)		articles - red wallet - medical card Jaime
			Lopez AID #0500 ATF
		Sack - DET 0017G for latent prints
		Contents: Red wallet, medical card of Miss Marjorie
			Venetia Thomas

20A  0025	4/19/93	Label - DET 0025 Unknown female - white, clothing
	(1730)		Jaime Lopez AID #0500 ATF
		Sack - Refused to give name JL 4/19/93
		Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #26 LA 4140 4/24/93 5:20PM

20B  0025	4/19/93	Label - DET 0025A Unknown female - white, clothing
	(1730)		Jaime Lopez 0500 ATF
		Can - DET 0025A 4/19/93 1730
		Dog tag - Onyx's nose #26 LA 4140 4/24/93 5:20PM

20C  0025	4/19/93	Label - DET  0025B Unknown female - white, red Holy
	(1730)		Bible Jaime Lopez AID 0500 ATF
		Sack - 0025B for latent prints
		Contents: small red Holy Bible of Gladys Pauline
			Ottman

20D  0025	4/19/93	Label - DET 0025C Unknown female - white, computer
	(1730)		disk - Maxell
		Sack - DET 0025C for latent prints & cart
		Contents: Maxell computer disk MF2-DD floppy disk
			marked "Seven Seals" - sharp

20E  0025	4/19/93	Label - DET 0025D Unknown female - white, personal
	(1730)		effects - watch, necklace, pen Jaime Lopez
			AID 0500 ATF
		Sack - DET 0025D for latent prints
		Contents: 1 Pilot brand pen, 1 Helbros brand watch 
			w/black band, 1 gold star necklace

(vii)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


22A	0019	4/19/93	Label - DET 0019 Doyle, Clive, clothing Jaime Lopez
		(1820)		AID 0500 ATF
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 #11 4/24/93 4:35PM

22B	0019	4/19/93	Label - DET 0019A Doyle, Clive, clothing Jaime
		(1820)		Lopez AID 0500 ATF
			Sack - DET 0019A 4/19/93 @ 1820
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 412 4/24/93 4:35PM

22C	0019	4/19/93	Label - DET 0019B Doyle, Clive, clothing Jaime
		(1820)		Lopez AID 0500 ATF
			Sack - DET 0019B 4/19/93 @ 1820
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 1#13 4/24/93 4:35PM

22D	0019	4/19/93	Label - DET 0019C Doyle, Clive, 1 shoe (brown) Jaime
		(1820)		Lopez AID 0500 ATF
			Sack - DET 0019C LA 4140 1414
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 #14 4/24/93 4:35PM

22E 	0019	4/19/93	Label - DET 0019 Doyle, Clive, 1 lighter Jaime
		(1820)		Lopez AID 0500 ATF
			Sack - DET 0019D
			Contents: 1 gold Bic brand lighter

23A	0024	4/19/93	Label - DET 0024 Lovelock, Derek, clothing Jaime
		(1810)		Lopez AID #0500 ATF
			Sack - DOB 8-13-55 Derek Lovelock 5/15/55 24
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 T'T8 4/24/93 4:30PM

23B	0024	4/19/93	Label - DET 0024A Lovelock, Derek, Jaime Lopez AID
		(1810)		#0500 ATF
			Can - DET 0024A 4/19/93 @ 1810
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 #8 (probably 9)
				4:30PM 4/24/93
			Contents: clothing


(viii)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


23C	0024	4/19/93	Label - DET 0024B Lovelock, Derek, white tennis
		(1810)	      shoes Jaime Lopez AID #0500 - ATF
			Sack - DET 0024B
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose LA 4140 #10 4:30PM 4/24/93

23D	0024	4/19/93	Label - DET 0024C Lovelock, Derek, orange lighter
		(1810)	       Jaime Lopez AID #0500 - ATF
			Sack - DET 0024C
			Contents: 1 Bic brand lighter

24A	0020	4/19/93	Label - DET  0020 Remos, Avraam, clothes Jaime Lopez
		(1722)	         AID #0500 - ATF
			Can - DET 0020 4/19/93 @ 1722
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #28 LA 4140 4/24/93 5:30PM

24B	0020	4119/93	Label - DET 0020A Remos, Avraam, jacket multi color
		(1722)	          light Jaime Lopez AID #0500 - ATF
			Can - DET 0020A
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #29 LA 4140 4/24193 5:20PM

24C	0020	4/19/93	Label - DET 0020C Remos, Avraam, black tennis shoe
		(1722)	         Jaime Lopez AID #0500 - ATF
			Sack - DET 0020C LA 4140 #30
			Dog Tag - Onyx's nose #30 LA 4140 4/24/93 5:20PM

24D	0020	4/19/93	Label - DET 0020B Remos, Avraam, lighter Jaime
		(1722)	          Lopez AID #0500 - ATF
			Sack - DET 0020B
			Contents: 1 orange Bic brand lighter

25	---	---	Trip Blank - Can

26	0786	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36, Sec J Grid A36 Akin, Lane
		(1225)	          DPS Arson Debris
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM #786 A36 LA 4140
			          4/25/93 12:25PM  debris

(ix).APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


27	0787	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36, Sec J Grid A32I of 2
		BBBBBBBBBBBBBBB.	                Akin, Lane DPS Arson Debris
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM #787 LA 4140 A32
			                Debris sample 4/25/93 11:20A 1 of 2

28	0788	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36, Sec J Grid A32 2 of 2
		(1120)	                Akin, Lane DPS Arson Debris
			Sack - 5288 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03 PM LA 4140 A32
			                 Debris sample 4/25/93 11:20AM 2 of 2

29	0789	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36, Sec J Grid A38 Akin, Lane
		(1245)	                 DPS Rock Debris
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM #789 A38 LA 4140
			                 4/25/93 12:45PM Rock

30	0790	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36 Debris sample Sec J Grid A33
		(1145)	                 Akin, Lane DPS
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM #790 A33 LA 4140
			                 4/25/93 11:45AM Debris sample

31	0791	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36 Sec J Grid A31 Akin, Lane
		(1120)	                 DPS Debris sample
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM #791 A31 LA 4140
			                  Debris sample 4/25/93 11:20AM

32	0792	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36 Sec J Grid A37 Akin, Lane
		(1225)	                  DPS Debris sample
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - #792 KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM A37 LA 4140
			                  4/25/93 12:25P Debris

(x)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


33	0793	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36 Sec J Grid A34Akin, Lane
		(1145)	              DPS Debris sample
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - #793 KS 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM A34 LA 4140
			              4/25/93 11:45AM Debris sample

34	0794	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch V136 Sec J Grid A39 Akin, Lane
		(1245)	             DPS - Debris sample
			Sack - 5288 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25193 1:03PM A39 LA 4140 4/25/93  
			             12:45P Debris

35	0795	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch .436 Sec J Grid A2 Akin, Lane
		(1245)	             DPS Debris sample
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM #795 A2 LA 4140
			             4/25/93 12:45P Debris

36	0796	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch 7236 Sec J Grid Al Akin, Lane
		(1225)	             DPS Burned black cloth
			Sack - 4/25/93  5288   4/25/93
			Can - #796 KE 5288 4/25/93 Al LA 4140 4/25/93
			             12:25PM Burned black cloth

37	0797	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch V136 Sec J Grid A35 1 of 2
		(1210)	             Akin, Lane DPS Burned clothing
			Sack  - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03 #797 A35 12:10PM
			              LA 4140  4/25/93 Clothing burned 1 of 2

38	0798	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #36 Debris sample Sec J Grid A35
		(1210)	              DPS 2 of 2 Akin, Lane DPS
			Sack - 5288
			Can - #798 KE 5288 4/25/93 1:03PM A35 LA 4140
			             4/25/93 12:10PM Debris sample 2 of 2

(xi)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	. Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


39	0922	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #47 Sec L Grid A44Akin, Lane
		(1615)	              DPS Char: Block & Debris
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 4/25193 4:50PM #922 A44 LA 4140
			              4/25/93 4:15PM Block & Debris 1 of 2
			              Sec. L

40	0923	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #47 Sec L Grid A44 Akin, Lane
		(1602)	              DPS - Block & Debris
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can -  KE 5288 4/25/93 4:50PM LA 4140 A44
			            4/25/93 4:15PM Block & Debris 2 of 2
			            Sec. L

41	0924	4/25/93	DPS Label  -Batch #47 Sec N Grid A40 Akin, Lane
		(1525)	           DPS- Arson Debris
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - KE 5288 - 4/25/93 4:50PM 11924 A40 LA 4140
			           4/24/93 3:25PM Debris Sec N Grid I A40

42	0925	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #47 Sec 1 Grid A-11 A-42
		(1550)	           Akin, Lane DPS Burned carpet
			Sack -  4/25/93
			Can - #925 KE 5288 4/25/93 4:50PM A42 LA 4140
			            4/25/93 3:50PM Burned carpet Grid 1 Al

43	0926	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch V147 Sec L Grid A43 Akin, Lane
		(1615)	           DPS Arson debris
			Sack - 4/25/.93
			Can - #926 KE 5288 4/25/93 4:50PM A43 LA 4140
			           4/25/93 4:15PM Debris Sec L

44	0927	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch 147 Sec N Grid 1 A41 Akin, Lane
		(1525)	           DPS. Arson debris
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - #928 KE 5288 4/25/93 4:50PM LA 4140 A41
			           4-25-93 3:25P Debris Sec N Grid 1

(xii)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


45	0929	4/25193	DPS Label - Batch #47 Sec W Grid 1 A30 Akin, Lane
		(1640)		DPS Glove
			Sack - 4/25/93
			Can - #929 KE 5288 4/25/93 4:50PM A30 LA 4140
			                4/25/93 4:40PM Glove

46	0930	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Pouch Sec W Grid 1 A48
		(1740)		Akin, Lane DPS Nylon Pouch #9
			Sack - 4/26/93
			Plastic Sack - #930 W-1 #9 Black double mag pouch
				4/25/93 5.40PM LA 4140 A48 K 5288
				4/26/93 8:10AM

47	0931	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Glove Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1742)		Lane DPS Left leather glove A51
			Sack - W-1 #12 Brown (left) leather glove #931
				4/25/93 5:42P LA 4140 A51 K 5288 4/26/93
				8: 10AM

48	0932	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Glove Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1744)		Lane DPS Clear Latex gloves #11 A53
			Sack - #932 K5288 4/26/93 8:10AM W-1  4/25/93
				5:44PM #11 (4)Clear latex gloves LA 4140
				A53
49	0933	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Holster Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1745)		Lane DPS Knife holster #8 A54
			Sack - #933 W-1 4/25/93 5:45PM #8 Knife holster
			                A54 KS 5288 4/26/93 8:10AM

50	0934	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Belt #4 Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1735)		Lane DPS Cartridge belt w/double mag pack
				A52
			Sack - W-1  #4 #934 K 5288 4/26/93  8:10AM LA 4140
				A52 Cartridge belt w/double mag pouch
				4/25/93 5:35PM

(xiii)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


51	0935	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Belt holster Sec W Grid 1
		(1755)	              Akin, Lane DPS Pistol belt/holster #3
			Sack - W-1 #3 Pistol belt & holster LA 4140 A47
			              #935 4/26/93 8:10AM

52	0936	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Coat Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1735)	              Lane DPS Navak coat #1
			Box - W-1 #1 Blue Navak Coat 4/25/93 5:35PM
			               LA 4140  A55 #936 5228 4/26/938:10AM

53	0937	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Shirt Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1729)	               Lane DPS Shirt: Char: Camouflage shirt #7
			               A45
			Sack - J  4-26-93
			Can -  #937  KS 5288 4/26/93 8:10AM #7 Camo shirt
			               W-1 4-25-93 5:29PM LA 4140 A45

54	0938	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Pants Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1732)	               Lane DPS Char: camouflage pants #6 A49
			Sack - 4/26/93
			Can - #938 KS 5288 4/26/93 8:10A #6 Camo pants
			               W-1 4-25-93 5:32PM LA 4140 A49 J 4-26-93

55	0939	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Gas mask Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1751)	               Lane DPS Char: #2
			Sack  -  4/26/93
			Can - #939 KS 5288 4/26/93 8:10AM #2 Gas mask
			                W-1 4/24/93 5:51PM LA A46

56	0940	4/25/93	DPS Label - Batch #49 Vest Sec W Grid 1 Akin,
		(1730)	                Lane DPS Char #5
			Sack - 4/26/93
			Can - 4940 KS 5288 4/26/93 8:10AM #5 Black
			                vest 4/25/93 5:30PM LA 4140 A50 J 4/26/93

57	0973	4/26/93	DPS Label - Batch #55 Arson debris Sec. I Grid Al
		(1010)	              Akin, Lane DPS Char - Floor joists
			Sack -  4/26/93
			Can - #973 KS 5288 4/26/93 11:24AM J 4-26-93 All
			               LA 4140 4/26/93 10:10AM Floor joists I Al

(xiv)
APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FRI212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


58	0974	4/26/93	DPS Label - Batch #55 Arson debris Sec L Grid A21
		(1110)	              Akin, Lane DPS Char: Arson debris
			Sack - 4/26/93
			Can - #974 5288 4/26/93 11:24AM A21 4/26/93
			              11:10PM LA 4140 Debris Sec L J 4/26/93

59	0976	4/26/93	DPS Label - Batch #55 Arson debris Sec L Grid A57
		(1110)	              Akin, Lane DPS Char: Arson debris - cinder
			              block
			Sack - 4/26/93
			Can - #976 KS 5288 4/26/93 11:24AM A57 LA 4140
			             4/26/93 11:10AM Cinder block Sec L
			             J 4/26/93

60	0977	4/26/93	DPS Label - Batch #55 Arson debris Sec L Grid A56
		(1105)	             Akin, Lane DPS Char: Arson debris - particle
			              board
			Can - #977 KS 5288 4/26/93 11:24AM A56 LA 4140
			              4/26/93 11:05AM Particle board Sec L
			              J 4-26-93

61	1176	4/26/93	DPS Label - Batch #74 1 can Sec 1 Grid B1 Turner,
		(1735)	             George DPS
			Sack - 4/26/93
			Can - A-59 J 4-26-93 DIC 4/26/93 Ex. #176 Arson
			             I B1 George Turner #3492  4/26/93 5:35PM
			             Dottie Collins 44934 4/26/93  6:40PM
			             Ex. 1176

62	1402	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98  Arson 1 of 8  Sec A Grid 60
		(1400)	             Akin, Lane DPS Char: Carpet & plastic Evid
			             Tech 5956
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A60 LA 4140 4/27/93 2:00PM Carpet & plastic
			              1 of 8 Ex. 1402 Sec. Sondra Denney #5956
			              SD 4:05PM 4/27/93 J 4-27-93

(xv)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


63	1403	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Arson 2 of  8 Sec A  Grid 60
		(1400)	              Akin, Lane DPS Evid Tech 5956
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A60 Ex 1403 J 4-27-93 LA 4140  4/27/93
			              2:00PM Carpet 2 of 8 Sect. Sondra Denney
			              #5956 SD 4:05PM 4-27-93

63A	1404	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98  Debris 3 of 8 See A Grid 60-3
		(1400)	              Akin, Lane DPS Char: Debris Evid Tech 5956
			Sack - J  4/.27/93
			Can - A60-3  LA 4140 4/27/93 2:00PM Debris  3 of 8
			             Sect. Ex 1404 J 4-27-93 Sondra Denney #5956
			             SD 4:05PM 4/27/93

64	1405	4/27/93	DPS Label - Arson 4 of 8 Sec A Grid 60-4 Akin,
		(1400)	            Lane DPS Char: Cloth Evid Tech 5956
			Sack - 4/27193
			Can - A60-4 Ex 1405 J 4-27-93 4/27/93 2:00PM
			            LA 4140 Cloth 4 of 8 Sect. Sondra Denney
			            #5956 SD 4:05PM 4/27/93

65	1406	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Arson 5 of 8 Sec A Grid 60
		(1445)	            Akin, Lane DPS Char: Debris Evid Tech 5956
			Sack - J 4/27/93
			Can - A60 LA 4140 4/27/93 2:45PM 5 of 8 Sec.
			             #1406 Sondra Denney #5956 SD 4:05PIM
			             4/27/93 J 4-27-93

66	1407	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson 6 of 8
		(1440)	              Sec. A Grid 60 Akin, Lane Char: Cloth
			Sack - J 4/27/93
			Can - A60 LA 4140 4/27/93 2:40PM Black cloth Sec
			              6 of 8 Ex 1407 Sondra Denney 5956 SD
			              4:05PM 4/27/93 J 4/27/93

(xvi)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


67	1408	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson 7 of 8
		(1445)	              Sec A Grid 60 Akin, Lane DPS Char: Clothing
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A60 LA 4140 2:45PM Clothing 7 of 8 J 4-27
			              Ex 1408 Sondra Denney #5956 SD 4:05PM
			               4/27/93

68	1409	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson 8 of 8
		(1525)	              Sec A Grid 60 Akin, Lane DPS Char: Debris
			Sack - J 4/27/93
			Can - A60 LA 4140 4/27/93 3:25PM 8 of 8 Sect.
			              J 4/27/93 Sondra Denney #5956 SD 4:05PM
			              4/27/93

69	1410	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson Sec A
		(1430)	              Grid 61 Akin, Lane DPS
			Sack - J 4/27/93
			Can - A61 LA 4140 4/27/93 2:30PM Debris J 4/27/93
			               Sondra Denney #5956 SD 4:05PM 4/27/93

70	1411	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson Sec A
		(1430)	              Grid 62 Akin, Lane DPS Char: Flooring
			Sack  - 4/27/93
			Can - J  4/27/93 A62 LA 4140 4/27/93 2:30PM
			               Flooring Sect. Ex 1411

71	1412	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson 1 of 2
		(1430)	              Sec A Grid 63 Akin, Lane DPS Char: Concrete
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can -  A63 LA 4140 4/27/93 2:30PM Concrete 1 of 2
			              J 4/27/93 Sondra Denney #5956 SD 4:05PM
			              4-27-93 #142

72	1413	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson 2 of 2
		(1430)	              Sec A Grid 63 Akin, Lane DPS Char:
			              Concrete
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A63 LA 4140 4/27/93 2:30PM Concrete 2 of 2
			               Sondra Denney  #5956 4:05PM 4/27/93 Ex 1413
			                J 4/27/93

(xvii)
APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FRI212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


73	1414	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson Sec A
		(1510)	              Grid 64 Akin, Lane DPS Char: Concrete
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A64 LA 4140 4/27/93 3:10PM Concrete Sec N
			              Grid 4 Ex 1414 J 4/27/93 Sondra Denney
			               #5956 SD 4:05PM 4/27/93

74	1415	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid 5956 Arson Sec N Grid 4
		(1520)	              Akin, Lane DPS Char: Concrete block
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A65 LA 4140 4/27/93 3:20PM Concrete block
			              Sec N Grid 4 J 4/27/93 Sondra Denney
			              5956 4/27/93 4:05PM Ex 1415

75	1416	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson A-66
		(1520)	              Sec J. Grid 1 Akin, Lane DPS Char:
			              Concrete block
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - LA 4140 A66 4/27/93 3:20PM Soil Sec
			              Grid 1 Sondra Denney #5956  SD  4/27/93
			               4:05PM Ex 1416

76	1417	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson A-66
		(1520)	               Sec J Grid 1 Akin, Lane DPS Char:
			               Concrete block
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A67 LA 4140 4/27/93 3:45PM Soil Sect. N
			               Grid 2 J 4/27/93 Sondra Denney 5956 SD
			                4/27/93   4:05PM Ex 1416

77	1418	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #'98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson A-68
		(1545)	             Akin, Lane DPS Char: Soil & debris
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A68 LA 4140 4/27/93 3:45PM Soil & debris
			              Sect. N  Grid 2 Sondra Dennev 5956 SD
			              4/27/93 4:05PM Ex 1418 J 4/27/93

(xviii)
.APPENDIX
Laboratory Report 93FR1212
Sample Descriptions (continued)

		Collection
Lab	DPS Number	Date	Sample
No.	(00000000)	(Time)	Description & Markings


78	1419	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson A-69
		(1545)	              Sec N Grid 2 Akin, Lane DPS Char: Soil
			              & debris
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A69 LA 4140 4:05PM Ex 1419 Sec N Grid 2
			              J 4/27/93 Sondra Denney 5956 4/27/93
			              4:05PM

79	1420	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson A-70
		(1550)	               Sec N Grid 2 Akin, Lane DPS Char:
			               Concrete
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can -  A70 LA 4140 4/27/93 3:50PM Concrete Sec N
			               Grid 2 J 4/27/93 Sondra Denney 5956 SD
			                4/27/93 4:05PM Ex 1420

80	1421	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson A-71
		(1545)	              Sec N Grid 2 Akin, Lane DPS Char:
			              Concrete
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A71LA 4140 4/27/93 3:45PM Concrete Sec N
			               Grid 2 Sondra Denney 5956 4/27/93 4:05PIM
			                Ex 1421 J 4/27/93

81	1422	4/27/93	DPS Label - Batch #98 Evid Tech 5956 Arson A-72
		(1550)	              Sec N Grid 2 Akin, Lane DPS Char:
			              Concrete
			Sack - 4/27/93
			Can - A72 LA 4140 4/27/93 3:50PM Sec N Grid 2
			              Concrete Ex #1422 Sondra Denney #5956
			               SD 4/27/93 4:05PM

82	2018	4/30/93	DPS Label - Batch 175 Evid. Tech 4526 4/30/93 11:25AM
		(1125)	              Torch Sec 0 Akin Lane DPS Char. Torch
			Can - #73 LA 4140 4/30/93 11:25AM Torch Sec. 0
			              J 4/30/93 Kay Davis 4526 2:13PM 4/30/93

FIRE INVESTIGATION TEAM REPORT
BRANCH DAVIDIAN COMPOUND
WACO., TEXAS
APRIL, 1993

ACCELERANT DETECTION CANINE
ASSIST REPORT

COMPILED BY:

JOHN M. KAUS
ALLEGHENY COUNTY FIRE MARSHAL
AND
JOHN D. HUDEC
DETECTIVE

ALLEGHENY COUNTY POLICE
FIRE MARSHAL'S OFFICE
PENN-LIBERTY PLAZA
1520 PENN AVENUE
PITTSBURGH, PA 15222-4333
(412) 392-8552
FAX: (412) 392-2896

[Scan omitted: Accelerant Detection Canine Team Assist Report]

On Thursday, April 22, 1993 around 1200 hours Fire Marshal John Kaus received a telephone call from Deputy Fire Marshal Thomas Hitchings, a member of the Fire Investigation Team in Waco, TX. Informing him that he Onyx (Allegheny County's Accelerant Detection Canine and I were requested for assistance at the scene with evidence collection.

On Friday, April 23, 1993 the three of us left Pittsburgh around 1010 hours, arriving in Waco, TX at 1515 hours. After receiving our identification cards we arrived at the Branch Davidian Compound around 1700 hours. At this time we were introduced to the Fire Investigation Team and briefed as to that would be required of us.

The Fire Investigation Team consisted of :

Paul Gray- Houston (TX) Fire Department - Team Leader
John Ricketts - San Francisco (CA) Fire Department
William Cass - Los Angeles City (CA) Fire Department
Thomas Hitchings - Allegheny County (PA) Fire Marshal's Office
N. Lane Akin - Texas Rangers

Around 1615 hours Onyx was requested to conduct a search of several items of clothing already in evidence. This search was conducted in a small empty building that would later be used for fuming items for possible fingerprints. The first search was conducted using six (6) gallon cans containing items of clothing and two (2) gallon cans containing a cloth sample known not to contain an accelerant. I calibrated Onyx using one drop of 50% evaporated gasoline prepared by the Allegheny County (PA) Crime Lab. Onyx and I then conducted this search at 1815 hours. She did alert to three (3) cans containing items of clothing. These three (3) cans were set aside for another search.

Around 1830 hours several items of clothing were laid out on the floor of the trailer known not to contain an accelerant and one othere item, a jacket already in evidence. Onyx handled by John Kaus was calibrated using the same drop of gasoline and then conducted a search of these items. Onyx did alert to both sleeves of the jacket.

Around 1854 hours the items of clothing that had been in the three (3) cans were laid out on the trailer floor along with other items of clothing known not to contain an accelerant. Again, I claibrated Onyx using the same drop of gasoline and then Onyx and I then conducted a search of the items of clothing. She did again alert to all three (3) items. Onyx alerted to certain areas of each item of clothing as follows:

Camouflage shirt - alerts on the right collar and sleeve
Ammunition vets - middle clip pouches on each side
Camouflage shirt - right sleeve, right collar, left front pocket and left sleeve

Items of evidence that Onyx alerted to are as follows:

Item(01) - Jacket: DPS 0037
Item(02) - Camouflage shirt: DPS 0004
Item(03) - Ammunition vest: DPS 0009
Item(04) - Camouflage shirt: DPS 0005

At the conclusion of the searches the Fire Investigation Team took John Kaus and I on a walk through inspection of the actual fire scene to determine what areas Onyx could search safely at this time.

Around 1920 hours Onyx was calibrated outside the fire scene using one drop of 50% evaporated gasoline prepared by the Allegheny County Crime Lab and then Onyx and I did conduct a general search of the fire scene and Onyx did alert in seventeen (17) areas. All alerts were marked using small orange flags with the letter "A" and a number 1 through 17 on them. This search lasted approximately 30 minutes.

Around 1950 hours the search was suspended in order to give Onyx a break. The search would continue in the morning.

On Saturday, April 24, 1993 around 0915 hours John Kaus and I, along with the Fire Investigation Team conducted another walk through inspection to determine other areas that could be searched by Onyx.

Around 0930 hours, John Kaus calibrated Onyx outside the fire scene using one drop of 50% evaporated gasoline prepared by the Allegheny County Crime Lab and then he and Onyx conducted a search of some partially charred wood in front of the compound directly in front of the bunker. She did alert to three (3) pieces of wood.

Around 0940 hours, John Kaus and Onyx conducted a search of the area known as the bunker. Onyx did alert to four (4) areas within this area. After a rest period John Kaus Onyx conducted a search of the areas known as the dining room and weight room with Onyx alerting in two (2) different spots.

Onyx was again given a break and around 1015 hours she was calibrated using one drop of 50% evaporated gasoline and she and John Kaus conducted a search of a small concrete block building at the base of the water tower in the area of the chicken coop. She alerted inside this building in the general area of a wheel barrel near a pile of clothing. She also alerted to a cloth glove.

Around 1035 hours John Kaus again calibrated Onyx using one drop of 50% evaporated gasoline in the rear of the compound and then he and Onyx conducted a search in the area known as the gym. She alerted to a crushed one gallon Coleman fuel can and in the area of a partially burnt bale of hay.

The following samples were collected and canned to be sent to Armstrong Forensic Laboratory:

Item(49): Fire debris: A40: DPS 924
Item(50): Charred wood: A41: DPS 928

Around 1535 hours the investigation moved to the cafetria style dining room. John Kaus and Onyx conducted a search of the area with Onyx alerting several times.

Around 1550 hours a team working in the kitchen uncovered part of a wooden floor with carpet attached and requested that Onyx conduct a search of the section of flooring. Onyx did alert on the carpeting and a sample was collected:

Item(51): Carpet: A42: DPS 925

Moving back to the dining area the areas of her alerts were removed from the area and placed in piles to have conduct a second search.

The following samples were collected and canned to be sent to Armstrong Forensic Laboratory:

Item(52): Fire debris: A43: DPS 926
Item(53): Partial concrete block: A44 1/2: DPS 922
Item(54): Partial concrete block: A44 2/2: DPS 923

At this time Onyx was given a break and placed in the van. Also, an alert on Saturday was to a cloth glove that was located in a small block building a the base of the water tower. This item was collected at this time:

Item(55): Glove: A30: DPS 929

Around 1730 hours a team collecting munitions requested that Onyx conduct a search of clothing found in the small block building at the base on the water tower. John Kaus acclimated her to the area and calibrated her. They then conducted a search of clothing, the following items were collected and canned to be sent to the Armstrong Forensic Laboratory:

Item(56): Camouflage shirt: A45: DPS 937
Item(57): Gas Mask: A46: DPS 939
Item(58): Pistol Belt/Holster, ex: 935: A47
Item(59): Ammunition pouch: A48: DPS 930
Item(60): Camouflage Pants: A49: DPS 938
Item(61): Vest, ex: A50: DPS 940
Item(62): Leather Glove: A51: DPS 931
Item(63): Cartridge belt w/mag pack: a52: DPS 934
Item(64): (4) latex gloves: A33: DPS 932
Item(65): Knife holster: A54: DPS 933
Item(66): Navak Coat: A55: DPS 936

At the conclusion of this search Onyx was released for the day. The search would continue in the morning.

On Monday, April 25, 1993 at 0910 hours after acclimating Onyx to the area and calibrating her, she and John Kaus conducted a search in Sector IA1 - the area in front of the bunker near the front wall of the compound. Onyx did alert in that area previously. She did alert again in the same area and fire debris was removed from the scene and broken up into piles. Onyx and I conducted a second search of the piles and a sample was collected of what she alerted to.

Item(67): A sample of wood: A11: DPS 973

Onyx was given a break an around 1045 hours she and John Kaus conducted a search in the dining room area after a lot of debris and propane bottles had been carefully removed. At this time she did alert to areas where she had previously alerted and to several new areas. Debris from these areas was removed to another area and piles were set out for her to conduct a second search. The results of the second search resulted in the following samples being collected:

Item(68): A sample of wood: A56: DPS 977
Item(69): A sample of concrete block along with dirt and debris: A57: DPS 976
Item(70): A sample of dirt and debris: A21: DPS 974

Onyx was again given a rest while debris removal was in progress. Around 1630 hours clothing was uncovered in Sector IB1, in front and to the left of the bunker. All of the clothing appeared to have come from the second floor. Onyx was again acclimated to the area, calibrated and she I conducted a search of eleven piles of clothing. The following samples were collocted:

Item(71): Clothing: A58 1/7
Item(72): Clothing: A58 2/7
Item(73): Clothing: A58 3/7
Item(74): Clothing: A58 4/7
Item(75): Clothing: A58 5/7
Item(76): Clothing: A58 6/7
Item(77): Clothing: A58 7/7

Also during debris removal in the same sector burlap was found along the front wall and had an odor to it. Onyx and John Kaus conducted a search of six piles of burlap and Onyx did alert to one particular pile:

Item(78): Cloth burlap: A39: DPS 1176

Onyx was again given a test while debris removal continued. It was later determined and there was nothing further found that day to have her check.

On Tuesday, April 27, 1993 Onyx was on the scene for debris removal in the southeast corner of the compound in an area believed to be a sewing area and computer room. Around 1300 hours during debris removal a section of flooring, carpet and a chair pad were found in the debris along with several items of clothing. These items were removed and spread out in piles for Onyx to search. She was acclimated to the area calibrated and then she and John Kaus conducted a search. The following samples were collected:

Item(79): Carpet/chair pad: A50 1/3: DPS 1402
Item(80): Carpet: A60: 2/6: DPS 1403
Item(81): Soil and debris: A60 3/8: DPS 1404
Item(82): Cloth: A60 4/8: DPS 1405
Item(83): Clothing: A60 5/8: DPS 1406
Item(84): Clothing: A60 6/8: DPS 1407
Item(85): Clothing: A60 7/8: DPS 1408
Item(86): Clothing: A60 8/8: DPS 1409

Onyx then also conducted a search of the sector in the southeast corner and did alert to several areas debris was removed and placed into piles for Onyx to conduct another search. She did alert and samples were collected:

Item(87): Dirt and debris: A61: DPS 1410
Item(88): Flooring material: A62: DPS 1411
Item(89): Concrete: A63 1/2: DPS 1412
Item(90): Concrete: A63 2/2: DPS 1413

Onyx was given a rest while debris was being removed from the area known as the chapel. Around 1500 hours she was acclimated to the area and calibrated by John Kaus and then conducted a search of the chapel and she did alert in several areas. Samples were collected from these areas:

Item(91): Debris: A64: DPS 1414
Item(92): Debris: A65: DPS 1415
Item(93): Debris: A66: DPS 1416