Whistler (hwĭs'lẽr}, James AbbottMcNeill, a brilliant Anglo-American painter, etcher and author, was born at Lowell, Mass., on July 10, 1834, and educated at West Point Military Academy. He studied art at Paris and settled at London, England, where he became president of the British Society of Artists and held exhibitions of his pictures. There was a strain of the erratic in his mental composition, which more than once brought him into antagonism with critics of art — notably with Ruskin; but he had genius and gifts of a high order in the impressionist school and attained eminence as an etcher and colorist. Some of his more important paintings include what he termed ANocturne in Blue and Gold, arrangements in black, gray and green; his Portrait of MyMother is excellent, as are The White Girl and The Last of Old Westminster. He also did good work in painting portraits of celebrities, and wrote The Gentle Art ofMaking Enemies. His other published works include Ten O'Clock, Four Masters ofEtching and The Baronet and the Butterfly. He died on July 17, 1903.