Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001/Title IX

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==TITLE IX — TRADE SANCTIONS REFORM AND EXPORT ENHANCEMENT==

Sec. 901. Short Title.[edit]

This Act may be cited as the ``Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000´´.

Sec. 902. Definitions.[edit]

In this title:
(1) AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY.—
The term ``agricultural commodity´´ has the meaning given the term in section 102 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602).
(2) AGRICULTURAL PROGRAM.—
The term ``agricultural program´´ means—
(A) any program administered under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.);
(B) any program administered under section 416 of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1431);
(C) any program administered under the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5601 et seq.);
(D) the dairy export incentive program administered under section 153 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (15 U.S.C. 713a-14);
(E) any commercial export sale of agricultural commodities; or
(F) any export financing (including credits or credit guarantees) provided by the United States Government for agricultural commodities.
(3) JOINT RESOLUTION.—
The term ``joint resolution´´ means—
(A) in the case of section 903(a)(1), only a joint resolution introduced within 10 session days of Congress after the date on which the report of the President under section 903(a)(1) is received by Congress, the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: ``That Congress approves the report of the President pursuant to section 903(a)(1) of the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000, transmitted on XXXXXXX.´´, with the blank completed with the appropriate date; and
(B) in the case of section 906(1), only a joint resolution introduced within 10 session days of Congress after the date on which the report of the President under section 906(2) is received by Congress, the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: ``That Congress approves the report of the President pursuant to section 906(1) of the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000, transmitted on XXXXXXX.´´, with the blank completed with the appropriate date.
(4) MEDICAL DEVICE.—
The term ``medical device´´ has the meaning given the term ``device´´ in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
(5) MEDICINE.—
The term ``medicine´´ has the meaning given the term ``drug´´ in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
(6) UNILATERAL AGRICULTURAL SANCTION.—
The term ``unilateral agricultural sanction´´ means any prohibition, restriction, or condition on carrying out an agricultural program with respect to a foreign country or foreign entity that is imposed by the United States for reasons of foreign policy or national security, except in a case in which the United States imposes the measure pursuant to—
(A) a multilateral regime and the other member countries of that regime have agreed to impose substantially equivalent measures; or
(B) a mandatory decision of the United Nations Security Council.
(7) UNILATERAL MEDICAL SANCTION.—
The term ``unilateral medical sanction´´ means any prohibition, restriction, or condition on exports of, or the provision of assistance consisting of, medicine or a medical device with respect to a foreign country or foreign entity that is imposed by the United States for reasons of foreign policy or national security, except in a case in which the United States imposes the measure pursuant to—
(A) a multilateral regime and the other member countries of that regime have agreed to impose substantially equivalent measures; or
(B) a mandatory decision of the United Nations Security Council.

Sec. 903. Restriction.[edit]

(a) NEW SANCTIONS.—
Except as provided in sections 904 and 905 and notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President may not impose a unilateral agricultural sanction or unilateral medical sanction against a foreign country or foreign entity, unless—
(1) not later than 60 days before the sanction is proposed to be imposed, the President submits a report to Congress that—
(A) describes the activity proposed to be prohibited, restricted, or conditioned; and
(B) describes the actions by the foreign country or foreign entity that justify the sanction; and
(2) there is enacted into law a joint resolution stating the approval of Congress for the report submitted under paragraph (1).
(b) EXISTING SANCTIONS.—
The President shall terminate any unilateral agricultural sanction or unilateral medical sanction that is in effect as of the date of enactment of this Act.

Sec. 904. Exceptions.[edit]

Section 903 shall not affect any authority or requirement to impose (or continue to impose) a sanction referred to in section 903—
(1) against a foreign country or foreign entity—
(A) pursuant to a declaration of war against the country or entity;
(B) pursuant to specific statutory authorization for the use of the Armed Forces of the United States against the country or entity;
(C) against which the Armed Forces of the United States are involved in hostilities; or
(D) where imminent involvement by the Armed Forces of the United States in hostilities against the country or entity is clearly indicated by the circumstances; or
(2) to the extent that the sanction would prohibit, restrict, or condition the provision or use of any agricultural commodity, medicine, or medical device that is—
(A) controlled on the United States Munitions List established under section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778);
(B) controlled on any control list established under the Export Administration Act of 1979 or any successor statute (50 U.S.C. App. 2401 et seq.); or
(C) used to facilitate the development or production of a chemical or biological weapon or weapon of mass destruction.

Sec. 905. Termination of Sanctions.[edit]

Any unilateral agricultural sanction or unilateral medical sanction that is imposed pursuant to the procedures described in section 903(a) shall terminate not later than 2 years after the date on which the sanction became effective unless—
(1) not later than 60 days before the date of termination of the sanction, the President submits to Congress a report containing—
(A) the recommendation of the President for the continuation of the sanction for an additional period of not to exceed 2 years; and
(B) the request of the President for approval by Congress of the recommendation; and
(2) there is enacted into law a joint resolution stating the approval of Congress for the report submitted under paragraph (1).

Sec. 906. State Sponsors of International Terrorism.[edit]

(a) REQUIREMENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of this title (other than section 904), the export of agricultural commodities, medicine, or medical devices to Cuba or to the government of a country that has been determined by the Secretary of State to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism under section 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371), section 6(j)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. app. 2405(j)(1)), or section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2780(d)), or to any other entity in such a country, shall only be made pursuant to one-year licenses issued by the United States Government for contracts entered into during the one-year period of the license and shipped within the 12-month period beginning on the date of the signing of the contract, except that the requirements of such one-year licenses shall be no more restrictive than license exceptions administered by the Department of Commerce or general licenses administered by the Department of the Treasury, except that procedures shall be in place to deny licenses for exports to any entity within such country promoting international terrorism.
(2) EXCEPTION.—
Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to the export of agricultural commodities, medicine, or medical devices to the Government of Syria or to the Government of North Korea.
(b) QUARTERLY REPORTS.—
The applicable department or agency of the Federal Government shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees on a quarterly basis a report on any activities undertaken under subsection (a)(1) during the preceding calendar quarter.
(c) BIENNIAL REPORTS.—
Not later than two years after the date of enactment of this Act, and every two years thereafter, the applicable department or agency of the Federal Government shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees on the operation of the licensing system under this section for the preceding two-year period, including—
(1) the number and types of licenses applied for;
(2) the number and types of licenses approved;
(3) the average amount of time elapsed from the date of filing of a license application until the date of its approval;
(4) the extent to which the licensing procedures were effectively implemented; and
(5) a description of comments received from interested parties about the extent to which the licensing procedures were effective, after the applicable department or agency holds a public 30-day comment period.

Sec. 907. Congressional Procedures.[edit]

(a) REFERRAL OF REPORT.—
A report described in section 903(a)(1) or 905(1) shall be referred to the appropriate committee or committees of the House of Representatives and to the appropriate committee or committees of the Senate.
(b) REFERRAL OF JOINT RESOLUTION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
A joint resolution introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, and a joint resolution introduced in the House of Representatives shall be referred to the Committee on International Relations.
(2) REPORTING DATE.—
A joint resolution referred to in paragraph (1) may not be reported before the eighth session day of Congress after the introduction of the joint resolution.

Sec. 908. Prohibition on United States Assistance and Financing.[edit]

(a) PROHIBITION ON UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no United States Government assistance, including United States foreign assistance, United States export assistance, and any United States credit or guarantees shall be available for exports to Cuba or for commercial exports to Iran, Libya, North Korea, or Sudan.
(2) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—
Nothing in paragraph (1) shall be construed to alter, modify, or otherwise affect the provisions of section 109 of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 (22 U.S.C. 6039) or any other provision of law relating to Cuba in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act.
(3) WAIVER.—
The President may waive the application of paragraph (1) with respect to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan to the degree the President determines that it is in the national security interest of the United States to do so, or for humanitarian reasons.
(b) PROHIBITION ON FINANCING OF AGRICULTURAL SALES TO CUBA.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
No United States person may provide payment or financing terms for sales of agricultural commodities or products to Cuba or any person in Cuba, except in accordance with the following terms (notwithstanding part 515 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, or any other provision of law):
(A) Payment of cash in advance.
(B) Financing by third country financial institutions (excluding United States persons or Government of Cuba entities), except that such financing may be confirmed or advised by a United States financial institution.
Nothing in this paragraph authorizes payment terms or trade financing involving a debit or credit to an account of a person located in Cuba or of the Government of Cuba maintained on the books of a United States depository institution.
(2) PENALTIES.—
Any private person or entity that violates paragraph (1) shall be subject to the penalties provided in the Trading With the Enemy Act for violations under that Act.
(3) ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT.—
The President shall issue such regulations as are necessary to carry out this section, except that the President, in lieu of issuing new regulations, may apply any regulations in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, pursuant to the Trading With the Enemy Act, with respect to the conduct prohibited in paragraph (1).
(4) DEFINITIONS.—
In this subsection—
(A) the term ``financing´´ includes any loan or extension of credit;
(B) the term ``United States depository institution´´ means any entity (including its foreign branches or subsidiaries) organized under the laws of any jurisdiction within the United States, or any agency, office or branch located in the United States of a foreign entity, that is engaged primarily in the business of banking (including a bank, savings bank, savings association, credit union, trust company, or United States bank holding company); and
(C) the term ``United States person´´ means the Federal Government, any State or local government, or any private person or entity of the United States.

Sec. 909. Prohibition on Additional Imports from Cuba.[edit]

Nothing in this title shall be construed to alter, modify, or otherwise affect the provisions of section 515.204 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, relating to the prohibition on the entry into the United States of merchandise that (1) is of Cuban origin, (2) is or has been located in or transported from or through Cuba, or (3) is made or derived in whole or in part of any article which is the growth, produce, or manufacture of Cuba.

Sec. 910. Requirements Relating to Certain Travel-Related Transactions with Cuba.[edit]

(a) AUTHORIZATION OF TRAVEL RELATING TO COMMERCIAL SALE OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.—
The Secretary of the Treasury shall promulgate regulations under which the travel-related transactions listed in paragraph (c) of section 515.560 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, may be authorized on a case-by-case basis by a specific license for travel to, from, or within Cuba for the commercial export sale of agricultural commodities pursuant to the provisions of this title.
(b) PROHIBITION ON TRAVEL RELATING TO TOURIST ACTIVITIES.—
(1) IN GENERAL.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of law or regulation, the Secretary of the Treasury, or any other Federal official, may not authorize the travel-related transactions listed in paragraph (c) of section 515.560 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, either by a general license or on a case-by-case basis by a specific license for travel to, from, or within Cuba for tourist activities.
(2) DEFINITION.—
In this subsection, the term ``tourist activities´´ means any activity with respect to travel to, from, or within Cuba that is not expressly authorized in subsection (a) of this section, in any of paragraphs (1) through (12) of section 515.560 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, or in any section referred to in any of such paragraphs (1) through (12) (as such sections were in effect on June 1, 2000).

Sec. 911. Effective Date.[edit]

(a) IN GENERAL.—
Except as provided in subsection (b), this title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act, and shall apply thereafter in any fiscal year.
(b) EXISTING SANCTIONS.—
In the case of any unilateral agricultural sanction or unilateral medical sanction that is in effect as of the date of enactment of this Act, this title shall take effect 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and shall apply thereafter in any fiscal year.