Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Troubridge, Thomas St. Vincent Hope Cochrane

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

TROUBRIDGE, Sir THOMAS ST. VINCENT HOPE COCHRANE (1815–1867), colonel, born on 25 May 1815, was eldest son of Admiral Sir Edward Thomas Troubridge [q. v.] (second baronet), by Anna Maria, daughter of Admiral Sir Alexander Forrester Inglis Cochrane [q. v.] He was commissioned as ensign in the 73rd foot on 24 Jan. 1834. On 30 Dec. 1836 he was promoted lieutenant and exchanged into the 7th royal fusiliers. He served with this regiment at Gibraltar, the West Indies, and Canada, becoming captain on 14 Dec. 1841, and major on 9 Aug. 1850.

He went with it to the Crimea in 1854, and was in the forefront of the battle at the Alma. He was in command of the right wing of the regiment, which was on the right of the light division, and had to deal with the left wing of the Kazan regiment. On 5 Nov. (Inkerman) he was field officer of the day, and was posted with the reserve of the light division in the Lancaster battery. This battery was enfiladed by Russian guns to the east of the Careenage ravine, and Troubridge lost his right leg and left foot by a shot from one of these guns. He remained in the battery, however, till the battle was over, with his limbs propped up against a gun-carriage. Lord Raglan, in his despatch of 11 Nov., said of him that, though desperately wounded, he behaved with the utmost gallantry and composure.

He returned to England in May 1855, and was present (in a chair) at the distribution of medals by the queen on 18 May. He was made C.B., aide-de-camp to the queen, and brevet colonel from that day, having already been made brevet lieutenant-colonel on 12 Dec. 1854. He also received the Crimean medal with clasps, the Turkish medal, the Medjidie (4th class), and the Legion of Honour. He succeeded to the command of his regiment on 9 March 1855, but was unable to serve with it, and was placed on half-pay on 14 Sept. Still capable of official work, he was appointed director-general of army clothing. On 2 Feb. 1857 he exchanged this title for that of deputy adjutant-general (clothing department), and he continued to hold this post till his death. Struck by the defects of the regulation knapsack of that day, he contrived a valise which met with the warm approval of the leading medical officers (R. U. S. Institution Journal, viii. 113), and may be said to have been the foundation of the present valise equipment. He died at Kensington on 2 Oct. 1867, and was buried at Kensal Green.

He married, on 1 Nov. 1855, Louisa Jane, daughter of Daniel Gurney of North Runcton, Norfolk, and granddaughter of the fifteenth Earl of Erroll. She died five weeks before him. He left two sons and four daughters.

[Gent. Mag. 1867, ii. 676; Foster's Baronetage; Kinglake's Invasion of the Crimea; Waller's Historical Records of the Royal Fusiliers.]

E. M. L.