Executive Order 12722

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Signed by President  George Herbert Walker Bush  Thursday, August 2, 1990 Federal Register  page & date: 55 FR 31803, Friday, August 3, 1990
See the Notes section for a list of Executive Orders affected by or related to the issuance of this Executive Order.

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code.

I, George Bush, President of the United States of America, find that the policies and actions of the Government of Iraq constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States and hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat.

I hereby order:


Section 1. 

All property and interests in property of the Government of Iraq, its agencies, instrumentalities and controlled entities and the Central Bank of Iraq that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of United States persons, including their overseas branches, are hereby blocked.


Section 2. 

The following are prohibited, except to the extent provided in regulations which may hereafter be issued pursuant to this Order:
(a)The import into the United States of any goods or services of Iraqi origin, other than publications and other informational materials;
(b) The export to Iraq of any goods, technology (including technical data or other information controlled for export pursuant to Section 5 of the Export Administration Act (50 U.S.C. App. 2404)) or services from the United States, except publications and other informational materials, and donations of articles intended to relieve human suffering, such as food, clothing, medicine and medical supplies intended strictly for medical purposes;
(c) Any transaction by a United States person relating to transportation to or from Iraq; the provision of transportation to or from the United States by any Iraqi person or any vessel or aircraft of Iraqi registration; or the sale in the United States by any person holding authority under the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended (49 U.S.C. 1514), of any transportation by air which includes any stop in Iraq;
(d) The purchase by any United States person of goods for export from Iraq to any country;
(e) The performance by any United States person of any contract in support of an industrial or other commercial or governmental project in Iraq;
(f) The grant or extension of credits or loans by any United States person to the Government of Iraq, its instrumentalities and controlled entities;
(g) Any transaction by a United States person relating to travel by any United States citizen or permanent resident alien to Iraq, or to activities by any such person within Iraq, after the date of this Order, other than transactions necessary to effect such person's departure from Iraq, or travel for journalistic activity by persons regularly employed in such capacity by a newsgathering organization; and
(h) Any transaction by any United States person which evades or avoids, or has the purpose of evading or avoidIng, any of the prohibitions set forth in this Order.
For purposes of this Order, the term ‘‘United States person’’ means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, juridical person organized under the laws of the United States, or any person in the United States.


Section 3. 

This Order is effective immediately.


Section 4. 

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Order. Such actions may include prohibiting or regulating payments or transfers of any property or any transactions involving the transfer of anything of economic value by any United States person to the Government of Iraq, its instrumentalities and controlled entities, or to any Iraqi national or entity owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by Iraq or Iraqi nationals. The Secretary may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the Federal government. All agencies of the United States government are directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this Order, including the suspension or termination of licenses or other authorizations in effect as of the date of this Order.


This Order shall be transmitted to the Congress and published in the Federal Register.


Signature of George H.W. Bush
George Bush 
The White House,
August 2, 1990.

Notes[edit]

Complimented by:
Continued by:
  • Notice of July 26, 1991, ( 56 FR 35995 );
  • Notice of July 21, 1992, ( 57 FR 32875 );
  • Notice of July 20, 1993, ( 58 FR 39111 );
  • Notice of July 19, 1994, ( 59 FR 37151 );
  • Notice of July 28, 1995, ( 60 FR 39099 );
  • Notice of July 22, 1996, ( 61 FR 38561 );
  • Notice of July 31, 1997, ( 62 FR 41803 );
  • Notice of July 28, 1998, ( 63 FR 41175 );
  • Notice of July 20, 1999, ( 64 FR 39897 );
  • Notice of July 28, 2000, ( 65 FR 47241 );
  • Notice of July 31, 2001, ( 66 FR 40105 );
  • Notice of July 30, 2002, ( 67 FR 50341 );
  • Notice of July 31, 2003, ( 68 FR 45739 );
Revoked by:
See Related:


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).