Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 4.djvu/681

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HANDEL.
665
HÄNDEL-GESELLSCHAFT.

of which has yet appeared in print. For further information see vol. i. p. 491 and 654, and the present writer's Life of Handel, chap. xxvii.

[ W. S. R. ]

HANDEL AND HAYDN SOCIETY. For continuations see Boston Musical Societies in Appendix, vol. iv. p. 555.

HANDEL, COMMEMORATION OF. P. 658a, as to the question of the date of the composer's death, see p. 651b. Line 11, read Royal Society of Musicians.

HANDEL FESTIVAL. P. 658b, l. 21 from end of article, for six read ten, adding the dates of the four latest festivals, 1880, 1883, 1885 (the festival of 1886 being anticipated in order that it might coincide with the bi-centenary of the composer's birth) and 1888. Line 8 from end, after all add down to 1880, and that after this date the festivals were conducted by Mr. Manns.

HÄNDEL-GESELLSCHAFT. The edition of Handel's entire works in score, for which this society was formed in 1856, is now approaching completion, so that a full list of its contents can be given, which is at the same time the most complete list of the composer's works. Dr. Friedrich Chrysander has been sole active editor from the commencement, having for some few years at the beginning had the little more than nominal cooperation from Rietz, Hauptmann, and Gervinus. The editor has paid frequent visits to England to consult Handel's original manuscripts, upon which the edition is based throughout; and has acquired the scores written for the purpose of conducting by Handel's secretary J. C. Smith, which previously belonged to M. Schoelcher. Vols. 1–18 of this edition were issued by Breitkopf & Härtel of Leipzig; but in the year 1864 the editor terminated this arrangement, and engaged engravers and printers to work under his immediate control on his own premises at Bergedorf near Hamburg. All the volumes from vol. 19 have been thus produced; and with vol. 20 an important improvement was made in the use of zinc (as a harder metal) instead of pewter for the engraved plates.

In the following list, vols. 45, 48–53, 84, 95, 96, and 98–100, are not yet published. An asterisk is prefixed to those works which are now published for the first time, at all events in complete score. Vol. 97, in a different form (the oblong shape of Handel's manuscript), contains a facsimile of 'Jephtha,' which is of especial interest as showing the composer's style of writing when blindness was rapidly coming on, and making evident the order in which he wrote—the parts of the score first written exhibiting his ordinary hand, while those which were written in later, when he was struggling with dimness of sight, can be readily distinguished by their blotched and blurred appearance.

The English Oratorios, Anthems, and other vocal works, are provided with a German version, executed by Professor Gervinus, and after his death by the editor; and the few German vocal works have an English translation added. The Italian Operas and other vocal works, and the Latin Church Music, have no translation. The Oratorios, Odes, Te Deums, 'Acis and Galatea,' 'Parnasso in festa,' Italian duets and terzets, and Anthems, have a PF. accompaniment added to the original score; but not the Italian Operas, nor vols. 24, 38, 39. These accompaniments are partly by the editor, partly by Im. Faisst, J. Rietz, E. F. Richter, M. A. von Dommer and E. Prout.

Dr. Chrysander has also published the following articles on certain works of Handel's, which should be combined with the information contained in the prefaces to make the edition complete: on vol. 13 ('Saul'), in Jahrbücher für musikalische Wissenschaft, vol. 1; on vol. 16 ('Israel in Egypt'), ibid. vol. 2; on vol. 47 (Instrumental Music), in Vierteljahrsschrift für Musikwissenschaft for 1887. The promised article on 'Belshazzar' has not yet been published.

The account of this edition would not be complete without mention of the munificence of the late King of Hanover, who guaranteed its success by promising to provide funds to meet any deficiency in those received from subscribers; as well as of the liberality of the Prussian government, which took the same liability after the absorption of the territory of Hanover.

Vol.

  1. Oratorio: Susanna, 1748.
  2. Pièces pour le clavecin. (1. Eight suites. 1720. 2. Nine suites, first published 1733. 3. Twelve pieces, some hitherto unpublished. 4. Six fugues, about 1720.)
  3. Masque: Acis and Galatea, about 1720.
  4. Oratorio: Hercules, 1744.
  5. Do. Athalia, 1733.
  6. Do. L'Allegro, il Pensieroso, ed il Moderato, 1740.
  7. Do. Semele, 1743.
  8. Do. Theodora, 1749.
  9. * Do. Passion according to St. John (German), 1704.
  10. Do. Samson. 1741.
  11. Funeral Anthem for Queen Caroline, 1737.
  12. Ode: Alexander's Feast, 1736.
  13. Oratorio: Saul, 1738.
  14. Coronation Anthems (Zadok the Priest; The king shall rejoice; My heart is inditing; Let thy hand be strengthened), 1727.
  15. * Oratorio: Passion, by Brockes (German), 1716.
  16. Do. Israel in Egypt, 1738.
  17. Do. Joshua, 1747.
  18. Musical Interlude: Choice of Hercules, 1750.
  19. Oratorio: Belshazzar, 1744.
  20. Do. Triumph of Time and Truth, 1757.
  21. Concertos (6 'Hautbois Concertos'; Concerto grosso in C, 1736; 4 Concertos, early works; *Sonata in B♭. about 1710).
  22. Oratorio: Judas Maccabeus, 1746.
  23. Ode for St. Cecilia's Day, 1739.
  24. * Oratorio: Il Trionfo del Tempo e della Verità (Italian), 1708, 1737.
  25. Dettingen Te Deum, 1743.
  26. Oratorio: Solomon, 1748.
  27. Sonate da camera (15 solo sonatas, first published about 1724; 6 sonatas for 2 oboes and bass, earliest compositions, 1696; 9 sonatas for 2 violins etc. and bass; 6 sonatas for 2 violins etc. and bass, 1738).
  28. Twelve Organ Concertos, 1738, etc.
  29. Oratorio: Deborah, 1733.
  30. Twelve Grand Concertos, 1739.
  31. Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate, 1713.
  32. Duetti e Terzetti (22 Italian vocal duets and 2 trios, 1707–8, 1741–5, six never before printed).
  33. Oratorio: Alexander Balus, 1747.
  34. Anthems, vol. 1. ('Chandos' with 3 voice-parts, with some now first published). 1716–18.
  35. Do. vol. 2. ('Chandos' with 4 voice-parts.)
  36. Do. vol. 3. ('O praise the Lord'; *Wedding Anthems, 1734; Wedding Anthem, 1736; *Dettingen Anthem, 1743; *Foundling Hospital Anthem. 1749.)
  37. Three Te Deums (in D, about 1714; in B♭, about 1718–20; in A. perhaps 1727).