By ERASMUS DARWIN, M.D. F.R.S.
AUTHOR OF THE BOTANIC GARDEN.
Principiò cœlum, ac terras, camposque liquentes,
Lucentemque globum lunæ, titaniaque astra,
Spiritus intùs alit, totamque infusa per artus
Mens agitat molem, et magno se corpore miscet.—Virg. Æn. vi.
Earth, on whose lap a thousand nations tread,
And Ocean, brooding his prolific bed,
Night's changeful orb, blue pole, and silvery zones,
Where other worlds encircle other suns,
One Mind inhabits, one diffusive Soul
Wields the large limbs, and mingles with the whole.
THE SECOND EDITION, CORRECTED.
PRINTED FOR. J. JOHNSON, IN ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD.
Entered at Stationers' Hall.
To the candid and ingenious Members of the College of Physicians, of the Royal Philosophical Society, of the Two Universities, and to all those, who study the Operations of the Mind as a Science, or who practice Medicine as a Profession, the subsequent Work is, with great respect, inscribed by the Author,
DERBY, May 1, 1794.
- SECT. I. Of Motion.
- II. Explanations and Definitions.
- III. The Motions of the Retina demonstrated by Experiments.
- IV. Laws of Animal Causation.
- V. Of the four Faculties or Motions of the Sensorium.
- VI. Of the four Classes of Fibrous Motions.
- VII. Of Irritative Motions.
- VIII. Of Sensitive Motions.
- IX. Of Voluntary Motions.
- X. Of Associate Motions.
- XI. Additional Observations on the Sensorial Powers.
- XII. Of Stimulus, Sensorial Exertion, and Fibrous Contraction.
- XIII. Of Vegetable Animation.
- XIV. Of the Production of Ideas.
- XV. Of the Classes of Ideas.
- XVI. Of Instinct.
- XVII. The Catenation of Animal Motions.
- XVIII. Of Sleep.
- XIX. Of Reverie.
- XX. Of Vertigo.
- XXI. Of Drunkenness.
- XXII. Of Propensity to Motion. Repetition. Imitation.
- XXIII. Of the Circulatory System.
- XXIV. Of the Secretion of Saliva, and of Tears. And of the Lacrymal Sack.
- XXV. Of the Stomach and Intestines.
- XXVI. Of the Capillary Glands, and of the Membranes.
- XXVII. Of Hemorrhages.
- XXVIII. The Paralysis of the Lacteals.
- XXIX. The Retrograde Motions of the Absorbent Vessels.
- XXX. The Paralysis of the Liver.
- XXXI. Of Temperaments.
- XXXII. Diseases of Irritation.
- XXXIII. —— of Sensation.
- XXXIV. —— of Volition.
- XXXV. —— of Relation.
- XXXVI. The Periods of Diseases.
- XXXVII. Of Digestion, Secretion, Nutrition.
- XXXVIII. Of the Oxygenation of the Blood in the Lungs and Placenta.
- XXXIX. Of Generation.
- XL. Of Ocular Spectra.
Part II - Classes of Diseases.
- I. Diseases of Irritation.
- Ordo I.—Increased Irritation. Genera:
- Ordo II.—Decreased Irritation. Genera:
- Ordo III.—Retrograde Irritative Motions. Genera:
- II. Diseases of Sensation.
- Ordo I.—Increased Sensation. Genera:
- 1. With increased action of the muscles.
- 2. With the production of new vessels by internal membranes or glands with fever.
- 3. With the production of new vessels by external membranes or glands with fever.
- 4. With the production of new vessels by internal membranes or glands without fever.
- 5. With the production of new vessels by external membranes or glands without fever.
- 6. With fever consequent to the production of new vessels or fluids.
- 7. With increased action of the organs of sense.
- Ordo II.—Decreased Sensation. Genera.:
- Ordo III.—Retrograde Sensitive Motions. Genus:
- Ordo I.—Increased Sensation. Genera:
- III. Diseases of Volition.
- IV. Diseases of Association.
- Ordo I.—Increased Associate Motions. Genera:
- Ordo II.—Decreased Associate Motions. Genera:
- Ordo III.—Retrograde Associate Motions. Genera:
- Supplement—Sympathetic Theory of Fever.
- Additions to Part II.
Part III - Articles of the Materia Medica.
- 1. Nutrientia, or those things which preserve in their natural state the due exertions of all the irritative motions.
- 2. Incitantia, or those things which increase the exertions of all the irritative motions.
- 3. Secernentia, or those things which increase the irritative motions, which constitute secretion.
- 4. Sorbentia, or those things which increase the irritative motions, which constitute absorption.
- 5. Invertentia, or those things which invert the natural order of the successive irritative motions.
- 6. Revertentia, or those things which restore the natural order of the inverted irritative motions.
- 7. Torpentia, those things which diminish the exertions of all the irritative motions.
- Further Additions to Part II.