1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Aleardi, Aleardo

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COUNT ALEARDO ALEARDI (1812-1878) , Italian poet, was born at Verona on the 4th of November 1812, and thus soon after his birth became an Austrian subject . Inspired from his cradle with a hatred of the foreigner, he found himself disqualified for the position in the public service to which his rank would have entitled him, and unable to publish his patriotic verses . Arnaldo da Rocca, a narrative poem, nevertheless appeared in 1842, and the revolutionary year 1848 made an opening for his Lettere a Maria . He took an active part in the popular uprising, and was for some time imprisoned . In 1856 he produced the finest of his pieces, an ode to the maritime cities of Italy, and in 1858 a poem on his own misfortunes . After the expulsion of the Austrians from Lombardy he returned to Verona, published his poems in a collected edition (1862), became professor at the Academy of Fine Art, member of the Italian parliament and eventually senator . He died on the 19th of July 1878 . Aleardi's warmth of patriotic feeling hardly finds adequate expression in his poetry; it is his merit to excel in description, but his fault to substitute description for action .