1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Gallon
GALLON, an English measure of capacity, usually of liquids, but also as a dry measure for corn. A gallon contains four quarts. The word was adapted from an O. Norm. Fr. gallon, Central Fr. jalon, and was Latinized as galo and galona. It appears to be connected with the modern French jale, a bowl, but the ultimate origin is unknown; it has been referred without much plausibility to Gr. γαυλός, a milk pail. The British imperial gallon of four quarts contains 277.274 cub. in. The old English wine gallon of 231 cub. in. capacity is the standard gallon of the United States.